1880-07-09; Clare County Press
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■'-^--f*-'-^S)yg.v~-"-Tit7y. ^-simmmmpwm* FA UK ISTO cov. Her Chech's a semtiy in nilvoni'o, A moon that maliei tlio darKness day ; Her stature is Men any limi-c, Ami lite a waving reed doth sway. Hi1!' i'Jth aro evor wido awalie, Tliuiii.'li dreamy un n fawn's tn ice. Thn union Is bliii'ti'il Mr Her nwivt salrr; The lH'uncli in iltwiplng nu the live. Thi> fawn before li.-r Mi's fur slmnio Timnnl th" divert, far mid wide; Ni> prvr him (ihe, und none i"iu elaim To In- ri'ijaiiU'd byhev ride, The fawn that in tlie uliido doth iilroy — Tin' idol of the fane tn rtie 1 Thon who iliilut bid we hope, I pray That I inuy ne'e* despair uf thee 1 To mo, tli.m art po coy and cold; To etliern, e\ev Itiml and near. Onr .iiivrel Iihe the wars of old, Dulli llnncr on from ji av to year. Ait 1 that is why tby young elieel: rIowh With .vender ruddy hue ho fair, Ar tlvui'li it were adlHtuut rose Thou tallest for a veil in wear. JEN. GARFIELD. —— -' y 09X35TV His Own Answer to His Political Traducers VOLUME III, CLARE, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, JULY 9, 1S80 NUMBER 10. In a Speeoh Delivered at Warren, Ohio, in 1874. All the Charges Against His Career Met and Settled. Solid Fncts Which Xo One Can Go Uclitiid to Disprove. Below is thc great1!- portion of (ho famous speech of Gen. James A. Garfield, delivered at Warren, Sept. 10, 1H71, iu whieh hu fully met and answered all ihe charges that have over W>on made a^ain-i liim, nml considered all tho «iticwtis that were at that timo offered hy hiE cni niies uiioii his ullicial career. Tlie speech in full in a powerful campaign dot-jiuviit, .1111 hliiniM lit print d an hiich and circulat- d anMiig those wim di hire honestly te investigate (itii. (iartield'K official careir. He hv. iiTanimd ulent on n» great une^tion that linn CO!"..- l.i-f.ri- the people f„r the past twtnty years. Ik- h.is never I evn mi tho wrong Bide, but has ever rai-cil his voiei-, unt on the side that the Miptrliefcil cI.k.ivit I'liui.deri d right, Iml he hns invmiaHy been viii.lie.ited bythe verdict ol time. ■mi: srF.prn, Held hedged nod denied any knowlodgo of tho Credit Mobilier business until llnally the investigation brought it out. I repoat Unit immediately on my arrival in Washington I made n statement to the correspondent of the Cincinnati Oaietle, ot wliich tho following is a copy: ° „ „ Wasiiinotow, Sept IB, 1872. Ami. Garflold, who haa Just arrived hero from lhe Indian country, has to-day had the Ilrst opportunity of seeing the charges (minccting tils name with receiving shares of the Credit Mobilier from Oakvs Ames. lie authorizes tho statement thnt ho never subscribed tor a share of tbe stoek, nnd that he never received or saw a share or it. When tim coiiiiiniiv waBflrat formed, George Francis Train, then active In it, came to Washington and exhibited a list uf sub- Bcrilwrs, of lending capitalists and some member) of (Viigross, to tho stoek of the company. The Biib'crtptlnn was described as a popular one of Jl.uflll cash. Train urged Gen. Garile'd to miliserilie on two occasions, nnd each time ho declined. Subsequently he was again informed that tlio list was nearly completed, but that a chance remained for hlm to subscribe, which he nualn declined, nnd to this day he has not subscribed for or received any share of stoelt or bond of tho ci inpaiiy, Now, I want my audience to undcrfitnnd that in tho midst of tliat storm, and tempest, and accusation, and only a littlo whilo before tlio election, I stated it, and let it go broadcast to the daily pi-ess, that I did knowsoniothiiig about the Credit Mobilier; that I had been invited to subscribe to it; that I had on two occasions discussed the matter; tliat I had taken it into consideration, aud that finally I had declined to subscribe; that I never had owned or held a share; hud never seen a cei tilleate of the stock. Now.Inm not eskingymi at this moment to dismiss the truth of that statement, but only to . say that 1 stated it lung before there was any j investigation talked or: that I never dodged, or ' evaded, or denied having anv knowledge of the I subject, but at tbe iirst declared plainly and I fullv what I did know about it. When Congress met, Speaker Blaine and the vest of us whose names were e.iiicerned in it at I once, on tlie iirst morning of tlio session, de- 1 mamled a eommiUec nf investigation lo go j tlirough with the whole subject, from beginning to end. I want tlmse gentlemen wlio talk about Mr. Garfield being t:ot after by committees of ; investigation lo kuow that no investigation into I VEU.ow-Cmzr.v.: 1 li.ivo tlemght for a I any iml he affair has bun held in the last three -•■■■- years in Washington Hint I have not helped to organize and hiny about. j thi: roMMiTiF.i: •>? ixvestmatjoh. ' Now, what was tie- iiiYrsligutmii? You will : remember tliat before lhe investigation had gone far a feeling of alarm mid . xciti-ment swept over the n hole country tliat has hiil'dlv ! been paralleled in American history. Some • men whon- names were I'lunedid with the charges nf the Credit Mobilier nutter, shocked at the tenib'e ehmge of liilcrv thrown nt : them, in the hmrv of lhe moment si> fai forgot themselves as to giv< i ipuvinvil answers as to whether they km w anything ;il"Ut the matter or not, and the unpn -s.on w.is made thnmgh- out the country that the most of them had denied that they knew unvtbing about it. The fact was that the eeuiitiv was Milling '■ down to the belief th.it the whole , thing was a mere cmipaigu »i.in I. r, and bad no fonnJ'itio'.i in fret. I.ml.m; at th" subject I i.iu iii.-hiiidti.b'li.'vetlmt tin impi s„:o:i I, ft iiiii.il the Amen.■«» mini is ' that the faults of those who m ie eh:.r:;i d wilh | buying stuck wns lot Ihat thev did aiivlhmg ' ■Is," 1 ul UeU'aft.T- wai.l tlievprev:ineati d or indaloiit it. N',,w, without iH-cllssilu; ;:mhi liv else, 1 call Mil to nilli. ss Uiat I stated ;'it i.n'c- what 1 kmw sii ,,iit It, the Iirst time that I knew li,<- talk was ■.■.mn.; the mmids of the n, wsp.ipn... Wh. n thu Coin- ] Mittee of Inv estigu'tton enme to make up their ! r-i'ort, there Ma* one Ihmg in that report to : v\h.!i I pT-tmally took excepllons, and only .'e. I und.r-too 1 that a geiitlemun occupied this lo.in ;i few nights ago who •undertook to m::!.<• the impression upon liis audience that Mr. ii.unbi r of years tint we should ieaeh a point whew our political diii'in».;iiiih would not relate lu.iiii'.y to the past: where, in tlie language of Boiiiepoliti uns ofthe day. we should "let by- goii.'s lie 1 vjsniies," and the politics of our time would look niiiii'y to the future. But the presen-e or great events, sueh as have transpired w thin the nast few days iu one of our States. li..,d i uie to fear we liiu'st again* discuss some of t;.e <pi.'linns connected wish the late w.ir. To-night I siimii.i \ r>-fi r to discuss that uril oth, i- ipj, sti.,;is of piilili- policy. Tlmb far in my public *pi, eh. s tie re has been imt little liersiin::i ,lisenssion. 1 have tried to make my pubh.' hfe as impers'ind as possible; but the course taken bv some citi/ius of this dislrict justifies nie, I think, iu departing from tlie ordinary rule, and I -lull di-.v.ss ti>-uight mainly questions of a somewh'.'.t personal eharacter. In the first place. I recognize it a-- r.; e. uhar- to important ell-tin nt in onr Ann rieau lohties that the full bbz.. of pn'.he discussion, jnvesti- i firm thi- di-tan gatioir riiil impiirj cneiruiiig ali u:.ii who serve thepnbl:.'asasafiguaiii to ie:r in-tilu- tions. I ih not eoiiiphiin if s.imiti!!.. slhei'i'ice , . . light ot <h" public press burns rather than i n- ! wtong in refeieiiei to the st lighti ns. That piiii>psisoueof the mflssat, incidtnts tu a full il.seii>Mnn of mlividuais ; n,'l rommiinitii'K. I indorse mid rejoice in thi principle of tlie utiuo-t individual liberty n( judgiui ut al out all null, vlaits..ivir llicr'sta- tion an 1 caner. Tiiat right or ] rivalf judg ment is ; Is )'nte ui ev.iv Aiieiit in eiti«n. I iind no fnnlt nidi uny 'man Ior i xi r. ".sing it upon i w Hi th. fubi -t i>ossi'.',. niiimer. I only ileiuiul tii.it it shall le exereis, J upon lie ih Juste'.- iml lor the sake of truth. Whenever . . . . . . _ it is im nis, 1 for anv oth r puipo.^e ami in anv f ii-vllc'il wa« found gmUv of some improper n i it is all lhe worse for thi '•'"" «»•• "■ ..''-.<•» nr..i.ii;.,- t ... « olhir spirit, perhap man wh.i do eienias it; hut I have in that caso a right to respond. I Iuvvq nmno hero to-nigM io reply Xa a class of crlticisniH that havo heen mado upon mo during the last two years. When I havo lully slated v.lut I have to say to yon on any of those points, I invite any man," friend or enemy, tu put any ipn stu in he eluui^es concerning that point. 1 am of cur-p nddn lion wilh lhe Credit Mobilier. Let mo read ; you a sentence or two from that report. The coimnitteo says: " j " Conn ruing tlio members to whom ho has j .old, or offered to Bell, the stock, the committee i •ay that they • do not find that Mr. Ames, in his negotiations wilh tho persons above named, en- \ ti ii.1 into anv di tails of the relations lictweeu i be Credit Mobilier ("imipanv and the'l'acille a class Into whose l.i :;rts mid whose minds, for the last eighteen month", at bast, a soles ,f repeated accusation* have been pound, until tlev have ooiue to think thirenn: t ti sieue iriith'ia the charges. 1 have gieat syii.patnv I..: tii.it e'ass of imn: they have bun made l..doubt where th"V inrimrly trusted, and, hi aim; but one mde, c:iin» t» b'l'.i-.e there win. imothir. To that class I ad In s my-e'if, with tin; utmost de- irire to hive them l.iiow what I am and what my public hfe lus In en. mil to g.ve th, in whatevii infonnatioii I may I i„si ss on any p. .mt touch- j ing that eaiver. inr.ir.r.i.ir m Tm.iEn. Tliore ih a large number of j eople in the I'n-i I t<d Statis wli use tho.t words without any ! adequate idea of what thev ine„n. I havo no I dinibt tint a p.f at many people ful about it very much r.s the lish vomau r.t Billingsgate market felt when Sidney Smith, the * creat in taking this stock than to make a profit- illeiuvistment. * » « Tley huve not been ,ihv to iind that any of thi .e numbers of Con- •_'ie,- have Ih ,:i ttUei-li-d in their official action mci.iw oueneeor i:it'rest m the Cn lit Mobile r stmli. " * « 'piny do not Iind that inherit the above-named gentlemen in contracting with Mr. Ames liad any corrupt motive or pnipose hin.w If, or was aware Mr, Ames had any, nor did ethir of tliim suppose ho was i-".i!ltynf any impropriety or iudehiMev in le- i-.'iuiuga j .melius! r of this stoek. And, liiial- :y, lie t th" committi e lind nothing in the con- ■lil.-t cr iiioliM's of eitlu r of these gentli nun in tal.ing Uiis stock that calls for anv lccotimii illation bv tbeeoi'iniitletot the House." ISu- I'.i"8«, y, and HI.] In Mr. Amu' iirst testimony he names sixteen i iiieml i tsof Ciiugri'sK to whom he iiffered the took, iind says that eleven of Ihem bought it, humorist of Eiigland.'eame aliing"aud began to ' ' :,!t''!',"''" Mr- '••Tib Id dowu among the tive talk with lur." She answered back in a verv i "'". del not buy it. He pays: "Hi .(iartieldi sancv wav, and he linallv began to call hoi I >b>l nut pay for it r.r nrcive it, ' ' ' He mathcma'tical names. llu calbd her a parol- j !"'.v,'r, t"1"1 ""?" ""'"'«•>' ""' tliat Btock nor re- lelogram. a hvpothtmuhe, a paiallimipedon. 'f1"''!1, !","1HJ" "u accomit of it." Let me add and other such terms, nnd she stood back tI::tt tUu 1:1*1 Kra"t to the t mon tticitic railroad was by the act of Jnlv, lxiU, and that (lakes aghast and said she never heard such a nastv- talking man in her life- never was abused so before. Now, people think thev have said an enormous thing when thev sav that somebodv had something to do with the Credit Mobilier". I ask your attention lust for a verv few moments to what that thing is, and, in" tho next place, to understand preciseiv what it ia that I nm supposed to have had to do with it. The Credit Mobilier was a corporation chartered in 1K.",!> by the State of Pcmisvlvania, and authorized lo build Unities, buy "lands, loan money, etc. Nothing of consequence was dono with that company until Ihe year lxi',7, when a number of men bought up whatever stock there was in it and commenced to do a verv large business. In lhe winter of 1H07 Mr. Train came ti me and showed me a list of names and subscribers to the stock of Ibo Ctcilit Mobilier Company, and askud me to subscribe $1,01)0. 1 Bhould say there were tif teen or twenty members of Congress on the list, and many moro prominent business men. Ho said that the company waa going to buy lands along tho line of the I'acuic railroad at places whero they thought there would cities and villages grow up and develop, and ho had no doubt that the growth of the eouhtry wowia mako that investment double itself in a very short time. That waa tho alleged schemo that tho Credit Mobilier Company had undertaken,—a thing that, if tliero is any gentleman in Warren who would feel any hesitancy in bnj-ing, it wonld bo bis'ause he did uot believe in tho growth of tlio country where the business was to bo done. That stock was offered to mc as a plain business proposition, with no intimation whatever that it was offered because the subscribers were mem- birsof Congress, for it was offered to many other i eople, and no better men livo than nt least a lr.rge number of the gentlemen to whom it was offered. Someof them took it at onco. Somo men are cautious about making an investment; others are quick to determine. To nono of theso men was any explanation made that tliis Credit Mobilier Company was in any way connected wilh a ring of seven men who owned tho principal portion of the slock, anil who had a contract with the Directors of tlie Union Pacific road for building Gild or 7UII miles at an extravagant prico - largely above what the stock was worth. That was a secret held only hy thoso seven men who owned the principal portion of the stock. It is now understood that Mr. Oakcs AmeB, who was llu enter of thatcompanvof seven men, Bought to gain tlie friendship of lifteen or twentv prominent Congressmen, with the view of protecting himself and the Pacific railroad against any investigation whii'h might be. mado; but it was a noccssury part of his plan not to divulge that purpose, or in any way intimate to them that he might draw upon them for favors. Long before any such purposo was realized, long beforo nny pressure came upon Mr. Ames, most of tlio men who had been invited to purchase that stock had either declined to purchase or had purchased and realized, or had purchased und sold out. But, in 1872, in tho luidst of tho Presidential campaign, an articlo was published in tho public journalB charging that sixteen prominent members of CongrcBB-— Senators and Representatives—had sold themselves for money or stock; that thoy bad accepted bribes. You remember that I was running for Congress in this district at that timo. When that news camo I was away in tho Itorky mountains. I camo home, and tho first day after my arrival at Washington I authorized to bo pnbliBhed a statement concerning what I knovt about the Oakcs Ames business. A great many peoplo supposo now and say, and it uas been repeated hundreds of times in tliis district, and especially in this town during tbo last two weeks, that Mr, Qay- Ames had nothing to do with the Credit Mobilier till more than'two years after that date. The point to which I took exception to the rejort of the committee was tliis: the report held that Sir. Ames and Mr. (iarllekl did agree upon the purchase of the stock, and that Mr. Garlield received «3li'J on account of it. I insisted that the evidence did uot warrant that c inclusion, and rose in mv place in tho House and announced tliat I should make that statement good before the American public; that I hi Id myself responsible to demonstrate that the I'oMtiiittee was wrong: that, although they charged me with no wrong, they still had made a mistake of fact which was against the evi* denes and unjust to me. Soon after I published a pamphlet of twenty-eight pages, in which I can fully and thoronghlv reviewed ail the testimony relating to me. I l'lave now- stood before the American people Binco the athday ot May, 1S7:!. announcing tliat the following propositions were proven concerning myscl : Ttiut I never agreed even to tako tho stocls of Mr. Ames; that I never subscribed for it, never did take it: never received any dividends from it, ani never was in anyway made a beneliciary bv it. Seven thousand topics of that pamphlet j havo boon distributed throughout tho TJnUca Slates. Almost overy newspaper in Uio United ! States has had a copy mailed to it. Every member of the Forty-second Congress—Democrat and Eepublican—had a copy, and there is nut known to me a man who, having read my review, has denied ita conclusiveness of these preipoBitinns. I havo seen no newspaper review of it that denies the conclusiveness of thi: propositions. U is for these reasons that a gnat public journal, the New York ICreiiiii'j I'ttM, snid a few days ago that on this point Gen. Garfield's answer had been received by the American peoplo os satisfactory. I understand that a Mr. Tjittle, of Paiues- ville, said here on this platform a few nights ago that either the Committee of Investigation eif the House of Iieprese illative s or Mr. Garlield liad committed perjury in regard lo this Credit Mobilier matter. I think that gentleman is a Probate Judge. I wonder >"f he over heard nf two men making their statement ot a case differing materially from each other without one or tlie other of them be'ing a perjurer. If I were in tlie habit ot calling names it would not he difficult lo iind a name for a man whoso in- lelli i hud vision leads him to ouch a conclusion. If there' is any gentleman in this audience who desires to ask any epiestions concerning tho Credit Mobilier I shall bo glad to hear it. [No response.] If not, would it not bn about as well to modify the talk on thnt subji'ct hereafter? Nei. Tho next thing I shall mention is a ques- ti in purely of ollieinl conduct—and Unit ia a subject wliich has grown threadbare in tliis community, and yet I desiro your attention to it for a fow minutes. liefer to TBE raOBEASE OF OITICIAI, SAtAnlES ono year and a half ago. Pirst, what aro the accusations concerning me? There arc several citizens in this town who have signed their names to statements in tlio newspapers during tliat discussion, declaring that Mr. Garfield had committed a theft, a robbery ; tliat, to use tho plain Saxon word, ho was a thief. In ono of theso articles it waB argued in this wise: "If Ihiro a clerk at my banlc on a certain salary, nnd ho, having tho key to my safe, takes out $500 to $5,000 more than wo agreed for and puts it in liis pocket, it is simply theft or robbery. Ho happened to havo access to tho funds, and ho got hold of them; so did CongrcBB. Yon can't gloss it ovor," says tho writer; " it is robbory " Now, fellow-citizens, Iprosumoyouwillngreo tiwt you can wrong even tbo Devil bimsglf, and I that lt is not right or manly to He oven about Batan. I tako it for granted that wo nro far enough past the passion or that period to talk plainly and coolly about the increaaeof salaries. Now, in the first place, I Bav to-night what I havo said all through this tempest, that for a Congress to increaso its own pay and mako it retroactive is not theft or robbery, and you do injustice to tho (ruth when vou call it so. Tliero Is ground enough in whicli h denounco it without straining lhe truth. Now, ir Congross oannot fix its own salary, who can? Tho constitution or your country says In mimistnknblo words, that ''Senators and Representatives shall receivo a compensation to be aBcertalnod by law anil paid out of tho national treasury." No- boely makes tho law but CongrcBS. It was a very delicato business in the beginning for our fathers to mako a law paying themselves money. They understood it bo, and when they sent the constitution out to the soveral Stales tho question was raisetl whether it would not bo better to put a curb upon Congress in reference to their own pay, and in soveral of the States suggestions wero Bent in. When the Pirst Congress met James Madison offered seventeen amendments io tlio constitution, and finally Congress voted to send twelvo of tho proposed amendments to the country. Ono of them was this : " No law varying tho compensation of the Senators and Uepri'sentatives in Congress shall take effect until an election haB intervened." In other words, tiie Pir<,t Congress proposed that an amendment should bo made to flic new constitution that no Congress could raise its own pay and make it. retroactive-. That was sent to the State's for tlieir ratification. Tho States adopted ten of thoso amendments. Two they rejected, and this was ono of tho two. Tbey said it should nut bein tho constitution. Tlie reason given for itB rejection by ono of the wisest men of that time was this. Ho said: •' It wo aelopt it, this may happen: Ono party will go into power in a new CongrcBB, but, just be fore tho old Congress expires, the defeated party may pass alaw reducing tbepay of Congress to 111 cents a day. It will nover do thus to put one Congress into tho power of another • it would be an engino of wrong and injustice.'' For this reason our fathers refused to put into the constitution a clauso that wonld prevent hack pay. Now, it will not do lo Bay that a provision that has been deliberately rejected from tho constitution is virtually there, and it will not do to say that it is just to call it theft and robbery for a Congress to do what it has plainly the constitutional right to do. I ubo tho word rij.'if in its legal Bense. Now, tako another step. I hold in my hand here a record of all the changes of pay Ihat liavo Ken mado siiico this Government was founded, ond in even' case -I am not arguing now that it is right at all. I am only giving vou a history ot it —in even- singlo instance when Congress has raised its'nay it lina raised it to take fffoct freim the first dny ot the session ot Congress. Six times Congress has increased its own pay, and overy timo it made Uie pay n tniaetive. I say again I am not arguing that this was right anil proper; I am onlv ai^ning thut it was lawful and constitutional to do it. In lHiiG tho pay wan raised, and was made retroactive for a year and four months, nnd the mcmlicrof Congress from this district threw the casting vote that made it a law. That act raised the pay by a larger per cent, than the act of last Congress. Joshua It. Giddings wan the ow-hundredth wan that voted aye; uincty-nine voted no. Joshua K. Giddings"" vote the* other way wonld havo turned the score again-t it. That vote gave back pay for a year and four mouths. Tliat vote gave Coiigre ss nine months' b.ielt pay for a time when nu rain rs would not have Uin entitled to anything whatever, because undl r the ohl law thev <i e re paid onlv during the lii-Hsion. AVhat did tliis district do"? Did it call him a thief nud a robber? A few weeks after that voto this district e-leete'd him to Congress feir the tenth time. Have the ethics of the world changed since- lfQ(j? Would I bo a thief and a robber in 1H73 if Iliad dono what my XiredocesBordidin 1830? In 1160 tlio pav was raised."' Tbiit'Hiho It *a»^n6 In thd'Sppropna^ tion bill, a very important appropriation bill; a bill giving bounties to soleuerfi. It passed through the Senato and came to the House. Tluro was a disagreement about it Senator Shi rman, of Ohio, had charge of the bill iu the Senate, and voted against the increase of pay 1'Viry time when it came up.on its own merits. But he was outvoted. Finally it went to a committi e of conference. Tho conference report between the two houses wns made in favor of the bill. Mr. Sherman brought in the report, saying, when he brought it in, that he had Wen opposed tn the increase of pay, but the Senate had ove mile d him. He voted for the conn r- eucere|Kirt, votid for the final passage of the hill. That bill gave back pay for a year and five months. \\*as John Sherman dtnouueed as n thief and robber for that? Was Benjamin i\ Wade called a thief and a robber? At Ihat time I was not Chairman of the coiniuittee, and had no other responsibility than thnt of an individual Representative'. 1 voted against the increase or salary, then, at all stages. I voted against the co'nfcivnec ri pe.rl, but it passed through the Houso on a final vote1 by just one inaj< rity. I do not reniembt r that any! "dy ever pi:ii"id me partkularly for voting against that report, and I never heard anybody blaming John hhciinni, for voting for it. Now, ui 1M7;1, the conditions we re exactly the ri'verse". I was Chairman of the committee that had charge' nf the groat appropriation bill. There was put upon Halt bill ngainst mv ear- nist pr.iti'st a proposit en to iinnai-e salaries. I take it then.1 is no one hero v ho will deny that I worked as earnestly as I could to prevent the putting of that increase upon that bill. I did not work against it because it was a theft or a robbery to put it on theie; I worked against it because I thought it wes indece nt, unbecoming, and in the highest digree unwise and injudicious to increase tlie salaries at that time', tint, because tbey had been increased in I'M!, anil, in proportion to other salarii'i, Congressmen were paid enough—paid more in proportion than most other ollicials were paitl; second, the glory of tho Congress has been that it waa bringing down tho expenditures of the Government from tho highest level of war tei the lowest li'vel of peace ; and if wo raised onr own salary, unless thu raise had been made before, it would be tlie keynote on which tho wheile limo of ex travaganco would bo sung. I believed, too, tha, it would seriously injure the. Itepnblican party, and on that score I thought wo ought lo resist it. I did all in my power to prevent that provision being addeel to the bill. I voted against it eighteen times, and spoke against it. But by a very largo voto in the House, and a still-larger vote in tlie Senate, the salary clause waB put upon the bill. I was Captain of tho Blnp, antl this objceliemablo freight had been put upon my deck. I had tried to keep it off. What should I do? Burn the ship? Sink her? Or, having washed my hands of the responsibility for thnt pnrtof her cutjo I bad tried to keep off, navigate her into port, and let those who had put this rvclght on bo responsible for it? Using thb figure, that waa tho course I thought it my dntj to adopt. Now on that matter I might have made an error of jndgniont. I believed the'ii anil now that if it had been in my power to kill Hub bill, and had thns brought on an extra se'ssion--I bolievo to-day, I Boy, hael 1 been able- to do that I Bhould havo been tho weirst- blumed man in tho United States. Why? During the leing months of tho oxtra session whicli would have followed, with tho evils which the country would have felt, and by having its business disturbed hy Congress, and tho mice rtain- lie's ot the result, you wonld have said : "All this has come about becauso we did not have a man at the head of tho Committee ou Appropriations with nervo enough and forco enough to carry his bill through by tho end of tho session. Tho next time wo havo a Congress wo had better seo if wo cannot get a man who will get his bills through." Supposo I had answered : "There) was that salary increase." "That won't do. You had shown your hand on tho salary question; you hod protested ngainst it, and yon had dono your duty." Then thoy would havo Haiti I hero wero Bix or seven sections tn the bill empowering tho United States to bring the railroads beforo tho court and make them accoun for tbeir extravagance 'Jlhoy would have said: "We have lost all Uiat by tho loss of this bill." And I would havo been charged with ncling in the interest of railroad corporaUons, and lighting ta kill tho bill for that reason. But bo tbat as it may, fellow-citizens, I considered tho two alternatives as well as I could. 1 believed it would rouse a storm of indignation and ill-feeling throughout tho country if thnt increaso of salary passed, I bolioveel it would resnlt in greater evils it tho wholo fulled and an extra session camo on. For a lit— lb whilo I wa.. tempted to do what would rati er bo plenBing than what would bo best in thi' long nm. I hcliovo that it required moro courago to veto as I voted than it would to have voted lhe oUicr way, but I resolved to do what seemed to mo right in tho case, let tho consequences ho what they would. I may have mado a mistake iu judgment—I blame no one for thinking so—bnt I did what I Uiought was the least bad of two courses. My subsequent conduct was consistent with my action on the bill. I did not myself parado tho fact, bnt moro than a year ago tho Now York World published a list suiting in chronological order tho Sonators and Bepresentativeti who covered their baok- pay into tho treasury. My nam* was ilrst on the list I now paiiBO to inquire if any gentleman in tho audicmoo haB any questions to ask touching this salary, or anything concerning it. If they have, I shall bo Yery glad to honr it [The speaker hero paused, but, no oucbUoiis being asked, ho proceeded as follows:] If not, I paBB to tho Bi!bjcctiny friend over" yonder has soemed so anxious I Bhould got to boforo I finished tho last; and hero I approach a quostlon that in ono sense is not a question at all, and in another sense it may bo. I untler- sinnd Uiat soveral persona in tho district aro saying that Mr. Garfield has taken a feo for a Ho-callod law opinion, but which, in fact, was something wliich ho ought not to have dono— which was in reality a kind of fco for his official influence as a member of the Committeo ou Appropriation; or, to speak moro plainly, tliat I accepted pay for a servico as a kind nf bribn. and that, too, in THE E0-CAI.LED ns OOLVCn PJLVEMKNT, Now I have tried to atato that in tho broadest way, with the broadest point forward. I ask tho attention of this audience for a few moments to tho testimony. In tho first placo I want tlio audioneo to understand that tho city of Washington is governed, so for as its own improvements aro concerned, by its own laws and own its peoplo, just as much as Warren has been governou by its own coporate laws and authority. I remember perfectly woll what has been paraded in tho papers so much ot late, that Congress has full power to legislalo over the District of Columbia. Well, Congress has full jurisdiction over Uio ten miles Bqnaro ot what ia now called tho District of Columbia, and Congress could, I suppose, make all Uio police regulations for tho city of Washington; but Congress always allowed the city of Washington to havo ita City Council or a Legislature nntil tho present time. Wo have abolished it, becauso wo • had a cumbrous machine. In tho year 1871 a law was passed by CongrcBS creating the Board of Public Works, appointing a Governor, and creating a Legislature for the District ol Columbia. That act Btuted what tho Board of Public Works could and what tho other branches of the District Government could de), and, among othor Uiings, it empowered tlio Legislattuo lo lovy taxes to make improvements on tho streets". The Legislature met tho Board of Publio Works, laid upon them an elaborate plan for improving the streets of Washington, a plan amounting to 56,0011,000 in the first place, and the Legislature accepted the plan, and provided thai the third of the entire cost of carrying out that plan should bo by assessing tho foot front on tho property-holders, and tho other two- tuinls should be paid by money lo ho borrowed by the City Government; m other words, by the Issuing of Uioso bonds. Tho City Government of Washington liorrowod monev and raised by special taxiitiem enough to carry on a vast system of improvements. When they got ready to execute thoir plans ono of Uio questions that camo beforo them was, What kind of pavement shall bo put in, and in what Way sliall wo go about tho business hy letting our pavement contract? In order to scttlo that question they wroto to nil the principal ciUes and found out all tho methods pursued by them, and finally appointed four leading ofiicers of the army: Geu. Humphrey, Chief Engineer; Gen. Meigs, Quartermaster General ; the Surgeon General; and Gen Babcock, of the Engineer Corps; nnd thoso few men sat ns an Advising lkiard, having no power but merely to advise'. They took up all kinds of nave mint ever made. Specimens wero Bent in. They looked over tho whole, and, as a result, recommended this: " Wo recommend you, in- sti'ad of letting Ibis work to bo done bythe lowest bidder, with all tho scheming 'straw bids' that may come in, to fix a tariff of prices you will pay for different kinds of pavements, and wo recommend as follows: If yon pnt down concrete pavement, you had bettersay you will pay so much per square yard for putting it down. Wo havo looked tho cities all over, and, stone,TKTtouch-, (or "gitt\e1^s»--emnefit'Y"E' HBpbaltnm, so much; aud for wood, so much/ Now, that Board ot rnhlio Works adopted the plan and that schedule) of prices, and, having elected Uiat, if thoy pnt these various kinds of pavements down, they would put them down at that rate, tiiey" then said to all coiners, "Bring in your various kinds eif pavements and show us their merits, am) when we havo examined them wo will act' l'liiu the various paving companies and pat- i lit) es all over the country who had what they willed gimd pavements presented themselves; bnt in almost all cases through tlnir attorneys. Tliey Be lit men there lo represent the relativo nu nts of tho pavements. A pavement company in Cliicago employed Mr. Parsons, e>f Cleveland, as early as the month of April, 1H72, to go before the Board of Public Works anel 1 resent the merits of their pavements. Mr. Parsons bail uollung whatever fo do wilh thn .ini stmn nt prices ; the-y had alreadv heen settled in advance by the board. Sir. Parson.' was Marshal of the Supreme Court at that time, and was just about miming for Congress. He asked the Chief Justice of the Ciuted State* whether there was any impropriety in his Inking that case up and arguing it merely because he was an appointee and under Ins direction, and the Chief Justice responded tliero was none in the world. He proceeded with the caBOtinU! the' Hth day of June', when for the first Umo I hi'arel anytliing about it. This was two days before the adjournment of Congress. On that ■lay Mr. Parsons came to me and Baid ho had an important ease; he had worked a good deal em it, but waa called away. He must leave. He did not want to lose his fco in it—was likely tei lose it unless tho work was completed. Ho must go at any rate. He asked mo if I would argiiithe case for hun ; if I would examine into the merits ot this pavement and make a statement of it before Uio Boarel. I said: "Iwill dei it if I, on examination, lind the patent is what it purports to be—the best wood-pavement patent there _ ; but I can't do it until after Congress adjourns," Congress adjourned twei days later. 'llie papers wero sent to me of patents, modeled specimens, and documents showing whero the' pavements had been used. Tlie investigation of the patents aud tho chemical analysis r. presenting all Uio elements of the pavement was a laborious task, and I worked nt it as faithfully us anything I ever worked at I did it in open daylight I have never been nblo to understand how anybody'has seen anytliing in that on which lo baBO an attack on me. I say I am to-ilay intellectually incapable of understanding tho track of a man'B mind who sees in tliis any ground for attacking mo. I mado the argument Tliero wero two patents con- cerned in Uiat pavement itself; thero wero some forty different wood pavements proposed ; and to carefully and analytically exi amine all tho relativo merits ot Uioso waB no small work. Mr. Parsons was to get a feo provided bu was successful, and not any if ho wos not snCCohsfal, mid li&nco tho miiii ofTorod Was large—a contingent fee, na every lawyer knows. Now, I midorslcnd thnt it ia Baid by somo of these gentlemen that that was in Bomo way or other with the United States treasury. How? That pavement was to bo paid for by tlio city of Washington; one-third of it assessed directly on tlie property-holders, and paid for junt as you pay for a pavement hero in Warren ; and the rest haa to be paid by the city of Washington in money Uiat it borrowed, and for which the citizens aro ultimately to bo taxed to pav. But I was Chairman of tho Committeo on Appropriations, you say, and tho Houso of Representatives appropriated money for tho District of Columbia. How? Whenever a pavement on any given street is laid in front of tho United States Postollico, nr tho Patent Oilico, or Treasury, tho Government of the United States, ns a mere matter of decent justice, pays its proper proportion in front of its own buildings as any other property-holder would do. and that was all. Whatever waa tho legitimate, proper sharo of the United States to pay, it paid. Now, eloes anybody see in what possiblo way tbat fact mado it in nny way improper for mo to practice my profession in a locatio i when I was not needed in the public servico ? But some one snyB : "Tlio pavement was a bud one. It was a swindle." Who told you tliat? Why, a man that went to Washington to testify, and that bal a different pa vt ment of his own; ho was gluel lo say that the Do Golycr pavement was a bad one. Now, I want you to understand, fellow-citizens, that of tho 150 miles of puvemont in Uio city of Washington iifty-tlirco miles of it only aro wooden pavement, and of the fifty-three miles of wooden pavement laid in Washington tliero wero 80,000 stpiare yards of it only or tho Du Golycr pavement. There are 1,005,000 Bipiaro yarels of wooden pavement laid in Washington, and 80,000 of it only was of this patent Thero arc len or twelvo different kinds of wooden pavement in Washington, and only one- twelfth of thiB is or thiH kind, and tho prico of this pavement waB fixed by a Board of Engineers before Jlr. Parsons or I had a word to any on the subject It was only a question which of the two or three or ton pavements will you adopt, ond I am hero to-day to affirm that it is tho best wood pavement that wag over laid. Now, I do not believe much in wood pavements as compared with concrete or Bomo othor forms of pavements, and this Board Of Engineers recommenijod concrete ip proferonoo to woot]. Bra what wero tho facts? Thoro wero thirty- tw if different Btreots in Washington along which th*}, people petitioned to liavo wooden pavo- nxmt Thoy preferred wood pavement. It was ch$ipor than tho aBphaltum. They wanted w«)il pavemont, and tlio American people gon- ?Fw believe in wood pavemont and thoqueB- tieivwaB, if Uio peoplo waut tho wood pavo- mihlt, and aro determined to have it, wliich paj'oment shall wo givo thom, Uio best or not th^besl? OSffx, I havo boforo mo hero, what I hail wlxm I mado the argument, certificates from 01«ugo, St. Louis, San Francisco and all the otljcr cities where tho pavemont waa laid, that it stood bettor than any wood pavomont Uiat haft evor boen laid, aud in tho roport of this coijunittoo of investigation in Washington a letter wim recoived from tho Board of Public Wftfoi of Chicago, dated Oct 31, 1874, in thoao wows: " Sinco 18GD there havo been laid hero inQhicngo 100,000 squnio yaids of tho Do Gol- yei? pavement, and thus far it stands woll and is in good condition." There is twico as much r. (ft*fll" tell )0n another f*ct shout it Tl>$ lOHtiinony bcroro thia committeo discloses tbelollowing; Tliat in tho city of Now Yorl tbjWpaid 85.50 to 80.50 per Heptaro yard. In th* City of Brooklyn thoy pay §5 por square yard, and in tho city of Baltimore, for putting down Nicolson pavemont (which is not so expensive), thoy paid -isi per square yard. Now, aUthoDoGolyerpavementput down in Washington was pnt down at $3.50 per squaro vard uuder this tariff of prices fixed by tho Board of Public Works upon tho recommendation of tho B$S*d of Engineers. Well, now, follow-citi- zejss, who has raised this sto'rm or criticism about tho Do Golyer pavement? Who? Early lait winter soveral of ua camo to tho conclusion that tho Board of Public Works was nn expensive machine; that it was coaling Uio citv ot Washington too much; that it was overloading, them with taxes, and that wo were bound to pay too much money ouL of tho treasury to keep tiftonr ond of Iho business. Butwo let on foot on,3nqniry into the cause ot tholarijt-wondi- tnfc, and a committee of iuvesligation na« ai>- pejwtcd, aod thoy have published some 1,000 pita of a report They havo gone over tho wholo ground of tho doings of that Board of Public Works and the Citv Government, and as a ife'sult of it wo havo abolished that form if gwernracnt and had thoPreBident appoint Coui n%S)oitqr8,andhohasappDuitcdGov. Dennison. oBour Stale, as ono of them, lo manage the af- WYt of the District of Columbia until winter. Tlat Committee of Investigation went over the w]iolo ground or Uiis business ih Washington. Ifcwas a committee thnt had taiator Thin-man, Of|Uils State, on it for one; Judgo Jowott, of CSombns, for anoUier man, who is now Prwd- deht of Uie Erie raihoad, both of Utem Democrats of the strongest ef amp. We had on from tif; House, as Chairman of that Committee, Jodgo Wilson, Of Indiana, one of tlio strongest arfrl ablest and best of our members, and they wait over this ground most thoroughly and sc- vttely. Mr. JPursons went beforo Uiat coiu- flijtteo antl told tbem all ho know about this pia'cmenF; told thom whnt ho knew of Us merits, ttill told Uiem he and I argued that caso. It n|s early in tho session when ho told them 'Uot. Now, whot has been said about that in \W'liiugton? Don't you Uiink Bomo of the country, bolioving that thereby I could honor tho position I hold and tho district I ropresent. On the othor hand, my constituents havo givon mo tho great support of Uioir strong and intelligent approval. Thoy havo not always approved my juelgment or the wisdom of my public acts, but thoy have sustained mo becauso thoy kuow I was earnestly following my convictions of right and duty, and because thoy did UQt want a representative to bo tho moro'ocho of tlio public voice, but an intolligont and indo- pondent judge ou public quesUons. In all this I have relied upon tho good sense and jusUco of tho pooplo to understand both my motivos and the motives nnd efforts of my enomios. On boiho questions of publio policy thoro havo boen differences between some of my constituents and myself. For instance, on thiB currency question I havo followed what seemed to mo to bo the lino of right anil duty, and in Unit course I behove that Uio majority 6or tho peoplo oi this district now concur. Whothor right or wrong In opinions of this sort, I have bellovod it to bo my duiy to act independently £ud ia accordance with the best "TPollow'-CHfijenli,''! Wiov» I ikivfe elone iny country and you somo sorvic*, and tho only way I can Btill contlnuo thus lo Servo yoti ib by cn- joj-ing in a reasonable degree your confidence and uupport, I am v,ery gratoful for tho expression of confidence which you hnyo again given mo byohoosing mo a Boventh time as your candidato. It was an expression whioh I have reason to believe was Uio result of yonr deliberate judgment, based on a full knowiortgo Ot my record, anil it is nil tho more precioua to me becauso it camo utter onoof thoso storms of publio feeling which sometimes sweep away Uio work of a lifetime. And uow, in conclusion, lf there is any question or anytliing I havo disotiBsed, or that I havo not discussed, which any gentleman desires to propound, I shall bo very glad to hear it. [Tlio speaker paused, but, no questions being asked, closed his remarks as follows :1 I thank tho audioneo for tho very paUont attention wiUi\fhioh Uioy have honored mo. Jfatiouirt Republican Committeo. At it meeting o£ tlio BepnTjlican Xationnl Committeo nt .Now York, Inst •week, which, ivas very largely attended, tlio following gentlemen were selected on Executive Committeo: Jiimcs De- venux, Georgia; Senator Logan, Illinois ; John O. New, Indian a; John S. Kunnells, Iown; John A. Martin, Kansas ; J. M. Forbes, Massachusetts; Chauncey I. Filloy, Missouri; William E. Chandler, New Hampshire; Georgo A. Halsey, Now Jersey; 'Thomas O. Piatt, Now York; W. P. Oauaday, North Carolina; Wm. E. Cooper, Ohio; Seiiator Cameron, Pennsylvania,; George W. Hooker, Vermont; J. W, Mason, West Yirginia; Elihu Enos, Wisconsin; B. C. McCor- PASSING SMILES. MICIIIGAK J0EW8. mick, Arizona; and Stephen B. ElkiilB, j New Mexico. Tho committee then pro- .as jn-L. , -7- - - i ceedod to orgnnizo by appointing 1© pemocrnts would havo been exceedingly i Marshall Jowell, of Connecticut, ns wflm-tobitmo a Mow on Uio head if they chaivmon, and S. W. Dorsey, of , ArkaiiBW, ns Secretary. Messrs. Logan, Ngw,_Buiiho1W, Euos,"Cooper, Filley and Martin was appointed to lako charge of tho political cttiiipnign in tho Western States, Senator Lijgiui will bo in charge of this coinmiUeq. It-was unanimously rotfAyeil'-to- invito Senator Blaine to hfa discoverer anything in that to iind fault iv|h? The committee made its report in full, aiid not only mitdu no possible reflccUon on mo, bill, when asked about it ssld IhcrO was nothing ' or In Iho case.' that rofleetixlin thc slight- dfgrce upon Mr. GoifU-W. Now, iu thu tot Oils jjcmjttst that Was miawl in the "'"-""' teapot.-« fow weeks r&o,. tbo Him, Steele, of Painej% ilia, Vitile'»letter loiitee -Who .had chargo of ttwtlu- mrJhe wroto haeik the fol toying- *■"- -" '--?M.,AmlMM." refiii'sT^r^ilTotWiSflFSiri Uicr or not Iho netlen of Gen. GnrfloM In coii- tlouw-llli thc airiilrs or tim District of rolllmlila w,« tlie si.hjcct of ci nile'ltinntlriii Iiy the coiiiiniitce tliat recently liml those affairs under coiu.iilcr.iti.nl, I answer that It was nut, nor was there, In my opinion, any evlilence that would have warranted any unfavorable critleiani ujm n Ills conduct The fiti-t) illml.iseil by the ovidonce, so far as he Is c nccnicil, are briefly tliene: The Biinr-l of l'libllc Works was considering the qileitl.nl as t.i tho kili-1 of pavements that HliniUd lie hill. There waa a contest as to the respective merits of varli ii wiKuleii pavements. Mr. I'arfliiisreiirc- ccntul, aa alti.rnej, the Do Gnljer *i Jtcfle.laliil patent*, anil, beirifj called away from Washington about the time the hcurlng wan to lie hail hefure tlio B.iartl ef Puli'ic Work* nu thli« subject, procured Oen. Uarfic'.il t. appear before the board In his stcail and argue the incuts of tlitB patent. This he did. anil this was the whole of his connection with the matter. Ii was not in question as to the leiuil of contract that should lie made, but as to whether this particular pavement shnulil he laid. The eritidmii nf the cninmiltee wa* not upon tlie pavement In favor of which eitn. (larflelil argued, but upon tlie contract Willi reference to It nml there waa no evidence wliich would warrant the conclusion that lie had anytliing to do with the latter. Very respectfully, etc, James Wilson. Now, fellow-citizens, it is not pleasant for me to bo reading things of thats .rt concerningmy- se If, that the man who had charge of the investigation in tbe District of Columbia, the man who wrote the report on the part of the House, who was the Chairman or the committee, who knowB all the facts in regard to it says thero was nothing whatever in tho caso that iu the slightest degrco reflected on me. It is left the excessively virtuous Judgo of the Probate Court of Paincsville, and perhaps tlio Judge of tlie Probate Court in Trumbull county, to discover that this " De Golyer business " "was a fearrnl bnsinccR on the part of Gen. Garfield. K there is any gentleman in Uiis hall who has any question to ask in regard tothe De Golyer pavement business, I should bo veryglod to hear it. Question—Was the appropriation Tor the payment for tho pavements mado boforo or after it was accepted by tho Loard? Gen. Garfield—I am very glad to answer that onesUon. By the firt-t act or tho Legislature of Uie District of Columbia no contract was to bo made, no work was to be done, except upon appropriations already made. Congress had adjourned. Tlio appropriations for tlie District of Columbia wero made beforo 1 touched or hael anything to do with tliis inaitcr. It is true tliat the next year thero were appropriations mado fpr the District of Columbin, bnt the appropriation that Congress made never had anything to say about one pavement or another. 'Congress know no moro about thc De Golyer pavement, or any other pavement, than you in Warren did. lt simply made the appropriation to pay for paving in front of its own building, if it thought proper to do so, and that is all. I understand Sir. Parsons was retained by these partieB in Chicago, and thoy paid him a j-otaining fco of *5,000 for his services, whcUici Wo Bitccceded or not. And they were to pay liim 510,000 as a contingent fco if lie succeeded. Sir. Farsons had done the bulk of tho work. Ho camo to mo Baying there wero $10,000 depending upon his success, of which lie would pay mo half in case I made tlio argument and was successful. I supposo that is a fair explanation. I understand sonio gentlemen think Unit is a largo fee. Well, it ia a largo fee j but it was nothing tor that. Either all that was done went tor nothing, or else it would bo more. I d in't know that those gentlemen said it was a largo Tee whon JudgoTiiunbtlll mado an argument in tho Supremo Court and received 510,000 out or tho United States treasury for it Question—Oen. Garfield, allow mo to ask you ono question: What question of law was submitted to you in that caso? WaB it a question of law, or a question of tho eUfferenco between Uio pavements? Gen. Garfield—There wero questions both of law and of ment In tho first place, thoro were forty-two different kindB of prvemont presented. If the Governmont took one, thero might bo a question of conflicting pa tents—there might be a pateut lawsuit growing out of it—and I fell it to bo my iirst duty to inquire whether tho two patents that extenel into this pavement wero valid patents that eould properly bo sustuined. I niiielo that examination as fho very first stop I look in the case. I understand Uiat tho Board of Public Works said that tliey did not caro very much about that, on tho ground that thoy probably would not pay a royalty in any case. Hut tho fact was Uiat tho contractor liimself— thc owner of tho patent—regarded it as a valuable franchise, and tho validity of ,tho patent wns to him Uio first consideration. Now, wliere tliero nro forty patents, or nearly Unit, concerned, it is Of somo iniportnnco to know Uio relative validity of tho patents. If no further questions are to bo asked, I will conclude with a fow general questions on tho wholo subject Nothing is moro distafitof ul to mo than to sneak of my own work, but this disctiBsieni has been made necessary hy tho persistent niisroproBcntaUons of tbose who assail me. During my long publio service tho relation between tho pooplo of this dislrict nnd myself has •been ono of mutual confidence and independence. I have triod to follow my own convictions of duty with little regard to personal conso- quenco, rolyingupon tho intelligence and justice of tho peoplo for approval and support I havo sought to promote, not merely local and claim interests, but tlio general goo4 of tho whole «l)€ttk.iii "tlie tacifio States, on motion of .Ufliv; Fflfcfcr/of Ohio.. Tho committeo will meet k«aio on Aatt. 5, Sept. 9, and <V.»' 11 - 'I'ha <ua»j»5».n;t«^ t.J *K- the 2M inst , riiiQIituy m Ecscrved Scats. In traveling, one meets with many si'lfish pi'opli- ; among them eemntle'ss women who insist on monopolizing two si'atu in a railway car under the* pre- te'iise thut erne' eif tin ill is engaged by an attendant gentleman, supposedly iu the Muioking-ear fur a brief interval. We saw two women of Ibis sort rightly served during a tmmuier trip. For fifty miles they succeeded iu warding oil' travelers who sought the shady side of the1 ear, anel the seat in front eif them was the convenient receptacle of their baggage'. Finally, however, nn uueouth- leioking individual epiie'kly removed the baggage anel turned lhe se-at. The' ustemisheel luelievs paused in tlieir con-, vernation te) 'ae'h either and raised their hands lus if iu remonstrance, but it wns toe) late; the thing wus quietly and quickly accomplished, and the two feir- eiguers who were seated there se'omcel te> understand n<> weirds en' gestures. Publie opinion, in that car, at least, sided with them. Ou another occasion, when our party entered a ear, not a seat was available. One person was guarding four, others one and two; the aisle was uncomfortably crowded. "This way," said the conductor, "room inthe palace ear for those who are standing." The engaged seats were at a discount (plenty of room now), but the conductor insisted that they slnmlel be retniued by their occupants, and all were made comfortable. "Do as you would lie dcne by," is a geiod rule when traveling as elsewhere. Dninly Enters. A monagorio elephant eats about one hundred pounds of the best timothy hay overytwenty-fourhours. Giraffes, camels, zebras and deer are also hay-eating animals, but aro not so particular in reference to its quality as tho elephant Soa-lions have to be fed on fish, usually frosh and salt mackerel, each animal taking twelvo to fifteen each meal twico a day, and consuming altogether ono hundred pounds of fish elaily. Next in point of delicato eaters come the polar bears, whosoregular diet is bread soaked hi milk, with fish now and then for a change. Tlio black bears are also given bread, one hundred pounds being used daily. Vegetables of almost overy sort aro fed liberally to tlio different animals — cabbage, potatoes, carrots, onions aud turnips. Tho elephants are great cabbage eaters, in addition to their standard diet, hay. The giraffes, singularly enough, aro great onion caters, whilo tho deer and goats, aud animals of Uio cow species, eat carrots aud turnips and potatoes. Bran and oats and corn aro also liberally distributed—mostly once or twice a week—among tho hay eating animals. But the orang-outang is the most dainty feeder of all, living on bread and honey, beef and potatoes—a diet alarmingly liko that of humanity. John Quincy AilnniR. Tho personal habits of John Quincy : Adams, when Minister, were remarkably | simple, we infer from this entry in his ; diary : " I rise usua'ly between 5 and i, G ; I begin the day with reading fivo i charters iu the Bible; I have this day ; lluiylicd, in course, the Old Testament. j I then write until 9 o'eloek, when I 1 breakfast alone in my chamber. I write . again after breakfast, and walk ait hour. : We dine at 4, and sit at a tabic until fi. i In the eveuing I attend the theater, rc- 1101111 or concert. Between 10 and 11 1 return to my chamber mid betake iny- j self immediately to the night's repose. I havo this month frequented loo much tho theatir aud other publio amusements, indulged in too much conviviality, and taken too little exercise!, The consequence is, I become too corpulent, j and industry is irksome to me. May I : bo cautious not to fall into any Ji.ibit of indolence or dissipation," ' ' *' " Abb you tired of your engagement? Chow onions. A mmr-DOMJAB painted fan raise» no more wind than a five-cent palm-leaf. The good man says : "All things aro for tho best," and mentally adds, "I am tho best." "Whai I should liko to know," said a School Board official, "is how tho mouths of rivers can be larger than Uieir heads." A IiAdy for the first time listening to tho "still small voice" of a telephone remarked: "Good gracious, it sounds just liko one's conscience." " EvETOt timo a man truly repents," says Josh Billings, "ho is born again, but thoro is lots ov people who repent every night jegnlar ho us to lie ready,, tor active -tiicdbi^ to))Mcr<>w^>- ' "i-w -j.^,-;w.4- It is only tho female mosquito that bites, but -when a mau gets a chance to bolt ono with a towel, ho's going to do it without stopping to inquire as to its geudor." "I siuiii find another channel for my article," said tho author of a refected contribution. "That's right," was tho answer of the courteous magazine editor; "Tho British Ohonnol would be an excellent place for it," , * "It looks liko tho scono of a groat battlo," remarked a groat traveler, viewing the work of a recent cyclono at the West. "Tcs," said tlie native solemnly, and without removing his pipe, "the place was tuk by storm," The fathor of a St. Louis bride presented his son-in-law with eighty thousand head of cattlo. "Papa, dear," exclaimed his daughter, when she hoard of it, "that wos so good of you;J3harley's so fond of ox-tail soup." Next ,to a tailor who promisos you a new suit in order thafc you may get away to tlie seashore on Sunday, and thon disappoints you, comes tho fiend in femalo form who brings homo your washing on Monday morning instead of IViday night As it should bel ["Young persons ought, above all things, to ba taught perfect candor."—Manuel of JiliqualteA Visitor—"Is Miss Percival at home?'1 Servant—"No, Miss. Did you wish to see her?" Visitor—"Lor', no! I want her to seo mo." Some men are born to bad luck. A Now Hampshire man wont through threo years of the war and wasn't oven scratched or sick a day, whilo liis next neighbor got a wound in tho only battlo ho was in that entitles luin to a big pension, whilo tho iirst poor fellow has to work for a. living, "Isnderbriionor guilty or not guilty?" asked a beaming Teutonic justice, tho other day. "Nofc guilty, your honor," promptly responded tho person addressed. "Den > you. yousif get ouct and go apou't your peesincsg, my vrend, ahd stop your fooling round hero irlit your blayen- off,1' indignantly responded the outraged srm .uf tbal»w. . . * clergyman nuked, with s tremor of emotion in his voice ns he took tho sick woman's hand in his own. A shado of patient thought crossed tho invidid's faco, and by-on-by she said "she didn't hardly beHeve she was; there was the little bedroom carpet to be taken up yet, and tho paint np stairs had hardly been touched, and she did want to put up new curtains in the dining-room; but she thought that if she didn't eho until next Monday, she would be about as near ready as a woman with a big family and no girl ever expected to be." P. S.—That woman got well, Burlington Hawkcye. A wELMJitESSED negro applied to tho 'Judge of Probate, of Mobile for a marriage license. He was asked how old his in- tondeel was, anil answered with great animation : "Just 10, Judge—sweet 10, and de handsomest girl in town." Tho Judge said he eould not do it, as tlio law forbade him to issue license to any ono uuder 18. " Well, hold on, Judge," exclaimed the man, "I know dat dem girls am deceitful and lie nbout deir age. She is 19 if a day." ' 'Will yon swear to it ?" asked the Judge. "Yes, sah," he replied, and did. " And how old are you ?" said the Judge. The chap, looking suspicious, replied cautiouiily: "35," antl aelded, "if dat won't do, Judge, I've got moro back." A Bashful loiing Man's Escape. Some people never seem to get the right idea of the subject somehow. They were talking at McAllister's, the othor evening, of the suil'erings of tho poor people turned out eif doors by the re- c nt hurricanes in the Southern States, wheu a bashful yonng man with a green necktie, who was silently squirming on a straight-backed chair iii a comer, was asked how much exposure he thought it was possible for a human being to endure. " Exposure, mum ? Yes, mum. Well, the most terrible instance of expose I ever knew was something that happened te1) myself a few years ago." '' Indeed!" said a young lady. '' Tell us all about it." " Woll, you must know, I hail a great habit of walking oufc through tho park and strolling on the bench near tho Oliff House. One Sunday morning, very early, I was tempted by the extreme heat to slip into the surf and take a bath, which, as there was no one around at Jtliat hour, I finally did. Judgo of my horror wheu I eame out and found that the tide had risen aud carried oil my clothes." "Ahem!" intorruptwl the hostess. " Won't—won't you try some chocolate, Mr. Skidmore?" "Thanks—iu a minute—just as soon ns I finish my story. Yes, every stitch I had in tho world was gone—everything except a chest protector, anil I was orced to walk iuto Van Ness avenue, where I lived, with nothing bufc that between me and thc sneers of the heartless world. I'll tell you how I managed. I ju.st tied the x«o—" But just hi're the ladies fainted, while another, with great tact, sat down at the piano aud shrieked "Nancy Lee" at tho lop of \\e-r lungs, under cover of which the dead and wounded were carried off, while the sincere but misguided young man was coaxed oufc iuto the hall and handed his hat.—iSVm Francisco Post. Tin? Marshall pooplo have commenced the foundations of tho now jail, A WiwiIasison man thinks ho has found a deposit of- mineral paint on liis farm. The Episcopal Ohurch at Albion is undergoing extensive repairs and improvements. A new hotel is to bo built at Commonwealth, on the Menominee range, costing .$10,000. " Mus. BipiiAitD SritAcrois died in Mecosta county, last week, from tho effects of stepping on a carpot-tftck. A combination of leading Detroit brewers has advanced the prico of lager $1 per barrel. It now sells at $8. The Gratiot County Fair, this year, will bo hold Sept. 21, 22, 23 and 24, tho week following tho State 3?air at Detroit. Tub Liberal State Convention ond Camp Meeting commenced at Lansing Juno 20, and continued until July 0. Tiie new opera-house to bo erected at East Saginaw will bo an elegant littlo structure, modeled closely after Wallaces Theatre, New York, with a seating capaoity of 1,200. Tins Detroit police mado 2,417 arrests in tho year ending Juno 1, The aggro- gate timo for which sentences were mado was 44,403 days in tho House of Correction, or an average of 18J- days each. An extraordinary accident recently occurred iv fow miles from BiRtle Crook. George Benedict was afc work Jogging oft a clearing when liis oxen became frightened and ran away. A long cablo-chain. was attached to the yoke, and t]io hook wlappcd around^qanjjht^in ^Ben^wUct'rf, jt *R^5*^ti'!^£^!4*FPi|l^^ tween the heel cord'»nd tno pone. I_e- - > oxen bounded over logs and briish-heaps, poor Benedict dangling at tho ond of the chain, his clothing torn, nnd his ilesli frightfully mangled. Tho oxou turning a corner in the field, Benedict was pulled through throo lengths of rail- fonco. Soon after tho infuriated animals woro stopped, and tho injured man, almost dead, released from thc hook and carried homo Cciiniik KettitllN. Population of Meredian, 1,532; in 1874 it was 1,407, and iu 1870 ifc was 1,374. Population of Alliicdon, according to the census enumerator, is 1,474; in 1874 it wns 1,293, nnd in 1870 it was 1,290. Population of Onondaga, 1.453 ; iu 1874 ifc wr.s 1,252, and in 1870 it wns 1,227. Tlio village contains about 200, ond Kinney villo 110. Thc oldest man in town is 93. Population of Sanlfc Ste. Marie, 2,050. Tlio enumerator of St. Joseph has completed his work, and finds Iho population to bo 2,000. The census returns of Jackson are all in, and gives 10,021 as tlie official count. Tliis gives au increase of 4,G27 in ton years, which is 4 per cent, per year. Tlio census of Ann Arbor city has been completed, and ifc shows a population of 8,028 persons, as against 7,303 in 1870. These numbers do nofc, of course, include students from abroad attending tho University andpublicschoolH who are hero nine mouths of each year, md who number 1,000 or 1,700. Wo give the population of several places in Michigan in 1880 as compared with 1870, The cities of Greenville and Ionia wero incorporated after 1870 : .;*i % «a 1870. 1880. nig iiniiiiiH Vin 3,550 Oolihuitcr tfin *,m Cannula 1,1(18 ■ 1,701 ■Detroit , 79,1103 liii.os.1) Griunl lUplilrf lli,503 a^oou UlX'CtlllllQ .......... ,..,....,... ..... 11,103 Inula..... ..... J,17fl LUUKlOg, f, *ui 8,320 Nllcii...»-,....v...,., 1.501 4,300 Flirt Huron........... Sv077 8,903 "Why Ue Wauleil io Close His Store 011 Sunday. A few days ago a young man in business was greeted by one of thc clergy in this city, und was congratulated em" his new venture in business. In tho course of thi' conversation ihe clerical brother •xprofsed liis opinion us nofc in favor of the youngmaukeepiiig opeu on Sunday. " No," said the young man, " I don't waut to keep open on Sunday, bufc will probably have to. I work h'nrel all the week, and would like to shut up on Sunday, because it's tho only day in the. week that I can have to myself to go hunting and fishing." Tho clergyman moyed oii,-r-7?oc/ic*te7' Post, > • . ItefwrtiMC'wt ol Vuhlic lnolnicliou. Tbo Jarty-third anan*l Tepori of the' SMfrinteii.Wrt- £^**^*^J**_Z part]amiiFiiasju3rTCenT^ l>re.ss of tho State Printers. In tho item of school attendance it is stated that, while tho increase of school children during the year has been 10,187, tho total attendance upon school is 17,504 less than iu 1878. With about the samo ineri-ase of pupils iu each, the attendance at graded schools has increased 2,209, and decreased 19,953 in the primary schools. The decrease in tho per cent, of attendance' has been 8.2 in tho ungraded primary schools, and 0-10 of 1 per cent in the graded schools. Since the inauguration of the township system the standard of teachers' qualifications in the rural districts has depreciated at least 50 per cent, and wages have decreased 25 per cent. There have been fifty-six institutes held during tho year, conducted by some t)f the most prominent educators in the State. The enrollment afc theso institutes aggregate 4,144, or 45 per cent over that of 1878, aud nearly 20 per cent, over that of 1877. The class of teachers attending theso institutes may be seen from the fact that of every 100' twenty-eight held first-grade certificates, thirt v-four second grade, and thirty-eight third grade. ' The total number of books in tha township and district libraries is 248,- 190, an increose of 4,411 eluring the year. The amounts reported as paid for library books are $1(1,043.14 by districts and $0,807.43 by townships. The graded schools aro reported to be in a healthy condition ns a whole. Tho Superintendent refers to the fact that formerly some of them were attempling too much, (hereby failing and invituig criticism. 'J'lio Anntiul 1-Juczuiipuiciit. The following order has been issued by tho Commander-in-Chief: Military DEl'AnTMKh'T, Miciiioas,) Adjutant Gknkhai.'k Office, > IiAsmsn, Juno 17,18S0. ) General Orilers Ko. 9. Tho encampment ot instruction ,tor 1880 for ihe hrigaele of Stato troops, as provideel for in section G7, Htato Military law, will ho helel at a noint lo be hereafter tlesi^nuteil, commencing Monday, Aug. 2, and continuing to Saturday, Aug. 7, following. Ab tlio tinio allowed ifl limited, tho troops will move so as to enable them to roach camp and report for duty at as early an honr on tho 2d as possible. The camp vvill be under command of Brig. Oen. Withitigtou, who vvill establish and govern it in accordance with tha Stato law and rules and regulations, together with sueh orders not in conllict (herewith as ho may deem necessary. Iu order that companies may enter their encampment in good condition ns regards drill, new members will not bo admitted for 80 days prior to going into camp, nnd only those who havo been SO days or over in Hervice will bo deemed eligible for camp duty;. Company muster rolls will bo mado ont, properly certified, giving names and dates of enlistment of all members of companies who are to be present at Iho encampment of their respective regiments, such rolls to be fonvardod through the regimental and brigade headquarters to the Adjutant, General twenty-live days prior to tho dato of encampment and on tlio arrival ot tho companies at camp tliey vvill bo mustered ou these rolls bythe Inspector Generai or his assistants, for camp duty. In addition to the inspection directed in soo- tion 70 of the law, tho Inspector General will require such drill and battalion movements, under his supervision, as ho may deem necessary to show the iintmction and disciplino of the' troops. Itis expected that companies will he prepared for the ri'ginioutil targot-practico coin- pntilion under tlie "niles for tho practice," as prescribed in tho instructions for the Inspector General, who will havo chargo of tin practice. The "lloelun it Wright prize" will bo competed for by the companies of tho respective regiments." The company making the highest team score in tliu I hrco regiments, as certified by the Inspector General, will bo entitled lo receivo il, nnd will retain it until won by somo other company, and the members ot such team making tliohighesl score vvill have tho privilege of wearing it while on parade with Iho company. The Quartermaster General vvill, on the requisition 0! tho Brigaele Commander, sup- plv a sufficient number of tents and such other articles as may bo necessary for the encampment and tliat aro allowahlo under tlio law. By ovAev 0f tho Commander-in-Chief. JKO. ItOEEElBON, Adjutant Genoral,
|Title||1880-07-09; Clare County Press|
|Publisher||Goodenough & Wilson|
|Description||Friday, July 9, 1880 issue of a Clare, Michigan newspaper. Published weekly. Began publication date unknown. In 1886, the title was changed to The Clare Press|
|Subject/Keywords||Clare (Mich.) - Newspapers; Clare County (Mich.) - Newspapers;|
|Copyright Permission||This material is in the public domain.|
|Title||1880-07-09; Clare County Press|
|Publisher||Goodenough & Wilson|
|Description||Friday, July 9, 1880 issue of a Clare, Michigan newspaper. Published weekly. Began publication date unknown. In 1886, the title was changed to The Clare Press|
|Subject/Keywords||Clare (Mich.) - Newspapers; Clare County (Mich.) - Newspapers;|
|Copyright Permission||This material is in the public domain.|
FA UK ISTO cov.
Her Chech's a semtiy in nilvoni'o,
A moon that maliei tlio darKness day ;
Her stature is Men any limi-c,
Ami lite a waving reed doth sway.
Hi1!' i'Jth aro evor wido awalie,
Tliuiii.'li dreamy un n fawn's tn ice.
Thn union Is bliii'ti'il Mr Her nwivt salrr;
The lH'uncli in iltwiplng nu the live.
Thi> fawn before li.-r Mi's fur slmnio
Timnnl th" divert, far mid wide;
Ni> prvr him (ihe, und none i"iu elaim
To In- ri'ijaiiU'd byhev ride,
The fawn that in tlie uliido doth iilroy —
Tin' idol of the fane tn rtie 1
Thon who iliilut bid we hope, I pray
That I inuy ne'e* despair uf thee 1
To mo, tli.m art po coy and cold;
To etliern, e\ev Itiml and near.
Onr .iiivrel Iihe the wars of old,
Dulli llnncr on from ji av to year.
Ait 1 that is why tby young elieel: rIowh
With .vender ruddy hue ho fair,
Ar tlvui'li it were adlHtuut rose
Thou tallest for a veil in wear.
—— -' y
His Own Answer to His Political Traducers
CLARE, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, JULY 9, 1S80
In a Speeoh Delivered at Warren, Ohio, in 1874.
All the Charges Against His Career
Met and Settled.
Solid Fncts Which Xo One Can Go
Uclitiid to Disprove.
Below is thc great1!- portion of (ho famous
speech of Gen. James A. Garfield, delivered at
Warren, Sept. 10, 1H71, iu whieh hu fully met
and answered all ihe charges that have over
W>on made a^ain-i liim, nml considered all tho
«iticwtis that were at that timo offered hy hiE
cni niies uiioii his ullicial career.
Tlie speech in full in a powerful campaign
dot-jiuviit, .1111 hliiniM lit print d an hiich and
circulat- d anMiig those wim di hire honestly te
investigate (itii. (iartield'K official careir. He
hv. iiTanimd ulent on n» great une^tion that
linn CO!"..- l.i-f.ri- the people f„r the past twtnty
years. Ik- h.is never I evn mi tho wrong Bide,
but has ever rai-cil his voiei-, unt on the side
that the Miptrliefcil cI.k.ivit I'liui.deri d right,
Iml he hns invmiaHy been viii.lie.ited bythe
verdict ol time.
Held hedged nod denied any knowlodgo of
tho Credit Mobilier business until llnally
the investigation brought it out. I repoat
Unit immediately on my arrival in Washington
I made n statement to the correspondent of
the Cincinnati Oaietle, ot wliich tho following
is a copy: °
„ „ Wasiiinotow, Sept IB, 1872.
Ami. Garflold, who haa Just arrived hero from lhe
Indian country, has to-day had the Ilrst opportunity
of seeing the charges (minccting tils name with receiving shares of the Credit Mobilier from Oakvs
Ames. lie authorizes tho statement thnt ho never
subscribed tor a share of tbe stoek, nnd that he never
received or saw a share or it. When tim coiiiiiniiv
waBflrat formed, George Francis Train, then active
In it, came to Washington and exhibited a list uf sub-
Bcrilwrs, of lending capitalists and some member)
of (Viigross, to tho stoek of the company. The
Biib'crtptlnn was described as a popular one of Jl.uflll
cash. Train urged Gen. Garile'd to miliserilie on
two occasions, nnd each time ho declined. Subsequently he was again informed that tlio list was
nearly completed, but that a chance remained for
hlm to subscribe, which he nualn declined, nnd to
this day he has not subscribed for or received any
share of stoelt or bond of tho ci inpaiiy,
Now, I want my audience to undcrfitnnd that
in tho midst of tliat storm, and tempest, and
accusation, and only a littlo whilo before tlio
election, I stated it, and let it go broadcast to
the daily pi-ess, that I did knowsoniothiiig about
the Credit Mobilier; that I had been invited to
subscribe to it; that I had on two occasions discussed the matter; tliat I had taken it into consideration, aud that finally I had declined to
subscribe; that I never had owned or held a
share; hud never seen a cei tilleate of the stock.
Now.Inm not eskingymi at this moment to dismiss the truth of that statement, but only to .
say that 1 stated it lung before there was any j
investigation talked or: that I never dodged, or '
evaded, or denied having anv knowledge of the I
subject, but at tbe iirst declared plainly and I
fullv what I did know about it.
When Congress met, Speaker Blaine and the
vest of us whose names were e.iiicerned in it at I
once, on tlie iirst morning of tlio session, de- 1
mamled a eommiUec nf investigation lo go j
tlirough with the whole subject, from beginning
to end. I want tlmse gentlemen wlio talk about
Mr. Garfield being t:ot after by committees of ;
investigation lo kuow that no investigation into I
VEU.ow-Cmzr.v.: 1 li.ivo tlemght for a I any iml he affair has bun held in the last three
-•■■■- years in Washington Hint I have not helped to
organize and hiny about. j
thi: roMMiTiF.i: •>? ixvestmatjoh. '
Now, what was tie- iiiYrsligutmii? You will :
remember tliat before lhe investigation had
gone far a feeling of alarm mid . xciti-ment
swept over the n hole country tliat has hiil'dlv !
been paralleled in American history. Some •
men whon- names were I'lunedid with the
charges nf the Credit Mobilier nutter, shocked
at the tenib'e ehmge of liilcrv thrown nt :
them, in the hmrv of lhe moment si> fai forgot
themselves as to giv< i ipuvinvil answers as to
whether they km w anything ;il"Ut the matter
or not, and the unpn -s.on w.is made thnmgh-
out the country that the most of them had denied that they knew unvtbing about it. The
fact was that the eeuiitiv was Milling '■
down to the belief th.it the whole ,
thing was a mere cmipaigu »i.in I. r, and bad no
fonnJ'itio'.i in fret. I.ml.m; at th" subject
I i.iu iii.-hiiidti.b'li.'vetlmt
tin impi s„:o:i I, ft iiiii.il the Amen.■«» mini is '
that the faults of those who m ie eh:.r:;i d wilh |
buying stuck wns lot Ihat thev did aiivlhmg '
■Is," 1 ul UeU'aft.T-
wai.l tlievprev:ineati d or indaloiit it. N',,w,
without iH-cllssilu; ;:mhi liv else, 1 call Mil to
nilli. ss Uiat I stated ;'it i.n'c- what 1 kmw sii ,,iit
It, the Iirst time that I knew li,<- talk was ■.■.mn.;
the mmids of the n, wsp.ipn... Wh. n thu Coin- ]
Mittee of Inv estigu'tton enme to make up their !
r-i'ort, there Ma* one Ihmg in that report to :
v\h.!i I pT-tmally took excepllons, and only
.'e. I und.r-too 1 that a geiitlemun occupied
this lo.in ;i few nights ago who •undertook to
m::!.<• the impression upon liis audience that Mr.
ii.unbi r of years tint we should ieaeh a point
whew our political diii'in».;iiiih would not relate
lu.iiii'.y to the past: where, in tlie language of
Boiiiepoliti uns ofthe day. we should "let by-
goii.'s lie 1 vjsniies," and the politics of our time
would look niiiii'y to the future. But the
presen-e or great events, sueh as have transpired w thin the nast few days iu one of our
States. li..,d i uie to fear we liiu'st again* discuss
some of t;.e