1881-01-20; Saline Observer
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w "t." -> hedged to he the most successful n ledge anfi culture Tv-ithin reach of ? supply the most permanent ment. Whoso will may now ■ licatjcms already comprises unprecedented rapidity. Ten can «* made, and describing the setting gret the books themselves from the >f Press and People are most note- Syrepeat -BY Steam.. fog. Ave prcnounee them the best las some rich relative left yon a ;. nominal prices! If so,I admire pries a facetious hut appreciative every itan may, and every AEianx, Chicago. "Tour ccm.- Iinon people than the Peabody very remarkable work."—Journal Lsfces a book at one-tenth the cost ■iile. " Anybody can afford to own. k-makingi"—Gipifol, Columbus, O. ; literary Revolution gives yon a Ivf.fames, small but clear type, for T3 and being: delivered to pur- ' vse. The same work is also being he •* library of Cnivewal KnowP i fcalf Eussta. jrilt top, S22.50. To i-.sr about 15.QCU topics not treated tliptng-itto the -wants of Amerl- JSS3S American. always racSed at the very front mt nothing fcetrer. Of this large ■& vrioines Tvill follow about two ;v. tieyand example, it is our citltrs are soonest received. briers with cash to be received by karva£ Everj- Day le cf $15.00 and $S.50 is reached, bra of S; ndincryour ordernrompt- lnes now reedy will be sent to too t tiooks may also be ordered of bcriptive catalogue sent free on actions of one dollar may he sent |ilding> 2few York. ineiimati, Eobert Clarke & Co.! as, Clark & Co.: Toledo, Brown, ■nisghara, Curtiss & Weleh} Si; •ce. (Rreat Rgined; Jd or Dry J?orm acts at| »on the diseases of the rgls ii Kiiep, Iocfisn. gives i' wonderful ;< cure all diseases. Mf WE SiOfC? i.t'thesegreatorgan* to de- irjatf. and pctsonomkumors \-:d into thebuOoatAatshoirfd •zlly. | PILES, COSSTIPATIOX,! IPIAXSTSj C2XXAKY 1AIJS WEAKNESS, ITOUS D1SOKDEKS. \ctian of "htse organs-and I vnrta throw ojf disease. bilious pain? and aches? [with Plies, Constipation?! I over disordered Kidneys? jj rrons orsicfc headaches! e sleepless nights? FORT an 2 rejoice in. health | Pry Veffe4o&le5"orm,intui je of which ranker six quarts fc"P<irm^^eryCoEcentratea, j ■b (•£ thc<£a that cannot BEUGGISX. PRICE. $1.00. | IABDS0X & CO., Prop's, Ipost-TKtia.} Ernusciox,! Lost prevalent and fatal dls« |n*'Verf!i<i hi rn~ver ran enra IE. STOjp-Jf X SOAV: apply IT 0.3FCK. and b? cured of 1 Kidneys. Bladder and 1: is XLe- rjB'.y treatment FOrs A3fZ» PHTTSlVAXt ~~t distressing complaint, : wilJ a'iuu&Ky- *ave many ■ ^* a"<l j Ijtsiers, which at r "t: i it *ci(i by Druggists -: -if j.r;f ?. 82. Oar book:. v^i." zArii.z a history of .; 2. .ifsfr record- of most ire-. AVritefoj it. ' PAD CO.. Toledo, O. Iii) is :!w firs: and only cure *'z Lw!si.-'x.-r:i--:2ui urine, and TOTED FOR THE IfOFHEiOJ ^trjacoois*:? of every nation lr.-=. a=d JacItrdicB a history of \':-:'it as2 Br^aa- Empires, the "" =• fc-slal ji>-s>-m,tIwrefor- ; gi-ttlKnesi of the Sew |sx rrca^ngravJoBB, and f5 the ..-■■■ vT'jtA evf-r published. Chicago/ Xjl |UeS!ST FCft THE FRIEID. I hSm to order of |EffBURG & CO., Inue, Chicago, III. 2XTSJ A6EST8! LIN'S W rdPardner*" I'erytosvn. Don*t miss it. but lad securefcrritory. Addresi |r-rywhera to s'-ll to Hotefe, rt.: i ;t'^ and Largi-Conssmera, 4X»AK33f 'rKA.whleh. Flavor, h" - fiot Its eqnal In on C. JJEV3V^. Wholesale iuh at., Chicago. Seed sl.TO :■ full explanation and oatfit. IS* OR 0M>, ITS FRIEND 1 Siefe-Headaehe. psts. to, D.anywhere, AVhole3al9 ce-hst/w*. Goods guaran- T*157 Wahash-av»Uiueago. tapby and earn ?40 to «(KJ gnaraKf *d a paying sltna- i.ilajiazen.Jane^vaie.Wls. M.E.M N;i6 *.;«* tr„CHICAGO, ie HaUt Cared In 1» fs. Nopay till HuretL. p*H£%.. Lebanon. Uhto. Iy with ««J.ii*e ancl Crrpnt." s,.nd for de- tor the Best and Fastest cc Bibles. Pries redaeed E2to., Chicago, JJL Iwntown. Terms and" Hallett&Co. PortlantUMa Iat home easily raade. Tj-ae &Go* Angosta. Ma. ie. Samples wor this* *so:*& da. Portland. So •■. "mi. ' Aovjs&visMnst. \ha A.O.uetrtU&rneiti. ■i-fc s V Saline Observer. IB BARON & NISSLY, Proprietors. SALINE, WASHTENAW COUNTY, MICHIGAN, JANUAEY 20, 1881. VOL. I—NO. 10. NEWS SUMMARY. Iniportant Intelligence from AH Parts. Congress. Alensthz debate occurred In the Senate on the 13th. on Mr. Logan's resolution for the extension of the franking privilege to all official business of Senators and Representatives- The Army Appropriation hill Avas debated The morningr hour was dispensed'with in the House, and the IHxndlng: bill was considered in Committee of the Whole. The rate of interest on the bonds and notes was fixed at three per cent, by a vote of ,333 to 93—the Democrats mainly favoring that rate and the Republicans oppo- sinsfit.. An amendment offered by Mr. Sanford, was adopted, that prior to the issue of the refunding bonds or notes the Secretary of the Treasury shall pay on maturing bonds all. standard silver dollars and all gold in excess of $50,0j0,000 now held for redemption purposes. An amendment, offered by Mr. McMillan, making-the bonds authorized by the bill subject to taxation was defeated—25 to 99. A bili, was passed in the Senate on the 13th for the payment of, damages which may be occasioned to Indians on the Minnesota reservation, by the construction of reservoirs at the headwaters of the Mississippi under the act of last year. The, Army Appropriation bill was taken up, and an item forthe partial payment of land-grant roads was adopted Bills were reported in the House: Prom the Committee on Elections, a minority report, declaring that neither J. G. Holms nor AY. P. Sapp had been legally elected from the Eighth Congressional "District of Iowa; also, a minority report in the case of Wilson vs. Carpenter, from the'Mnth. Congressional District pt Iowa; from the Committee on Military Affairs, for *the relief of General Ord. The Pundingbill was taken up in Committee of the Whole, and an amendment, by Mr. Randall, was adopted—128 to 3, Messrs. Weaver and G-illette in the negative—that 8100,000,000 m three-per-cent. bonds, redeemable in five years and payable in ten, and certificates to the amount of §300,0.,0,000, bearing three-percent, interest and running from one to ten years, be issued, the Treasury having previously paid out all the stiver dollars and all the gold reserve abpve»S50,000,000. ; Mr. Hoar introduced a bill in the Senate on the 14th providing for retired and retiring Presidents by paying to them annually a sum equal to one-fourth of the salary they received while in office. -The District of Columbia !JCramp bill and the Army and West Point Appropriation bills were passed. Adjourned to the 17th. Several private bills" were considered in the House, in Committee of the Whole. j The Senate was not in session on the 15th. I...The Funding bill wa* further considered in the House, in Committee of the Whole, and thejiratvSepond, third and fourth sections were completed. Mr. Anderson's proposition to replace bank notes with legal tenders as rapidly as the former were retired was rejected as not being germane. A substitute for the whole bill, offered by Mr. McLane, embracing Secretary Sherman's plan ■>f bonds or certificates, drawing not over three and one-half per cent., was lost—97 to 108. The Randall amendment to the first section, providing for SIOO.OOU.OOO of bonds, payable in five to ten years, and §300,000,000 of certificates, redeemable in one to ten years, each bearing three per cent, interest, the Treasury having previously- paid out on maturing bonds all the silver dollars in store and all gold above §50,000,000, was adopted. The second section, as amended, authorizes the Secretary of the Treasury, in refunding operations, to exchange any bonds except those issued to the Pacific Railway Companies. The third section restricts to one-fourth of one per cent, the expense of placing the new bonds and certificates. Ths fourth section authorizes the use of f.50,CC0,000 in coin in redeeming five and six per cent, bonds, which are to be cancelled. Several amendments to the fifth section were pending when the committee rose and the House adjourned. Domestic. The boiler of the Union Flouring Mills, Detroit, exploded on the 12th, killing; three men and three horses. The building was completely wrecked. An" explosion in a celluloid factory at New- buryport, Mass., on the 12th caused, the death of two, and possibly three, men. The works had been recently removed, from Kew Jersey, where ah, explosion had previously occurred. ATEast St. Louis a few days ago Miss Mary Stack, while kissing the lips of a dead and well-loved cousin, fell dead upon the floor from grief. The explosion of a coal-oil lamp in the residence of W. B. Moser, at Beading, Pa., caused the death of two persons and the fatal burniii°: of two others. The Western Union and the American Union Telegraph Companies have pooled their issues. By the terms of the agreement the new organization will have a capital of SSO.O00,000, of which S5S,000,000 will be apportioned to the Western Union, $15,000,000 to the American Union and 17,000^000 to the Atlantic and Facifie. A Wabash express train from CMcago was wrecked at Mitchell, III., on the morning of the 12th. Twelve persons were injured. The farm residence of John Witfkow, near Oshkosh, Wis., was On the 13th reduced to ashes. An investigation revealed the fact that, in a fit of insanity, Wiskow had killed his wife, attempted the life of his daughter, fired the bouse and out-buildings, and then shot himself dead. United States Treasurer Gijsstjjlks di- reofcs that holders of notes may forward them in even thousands for redemption, free of }express charges. Ox the 13th George Ashbaugh, foreman of Bronson's factory at Indianapolis, was caught by a shaft revolving three hundred times per minute, stripped of all his clothing save the necktie, and both feet pounded oft He survived the accident but five minutes. The Southern PaciSe construction train were recently reported to be within forty miles of El Paso. Jacksian* & Co., live stock commission dealers, and the Gheever&Burchard Cutlery Company, of St. Louis, failed on the 13th. Liabilities $25,000 and $80,000, respective!}-. On the I3th a passenger train on the Pan- Handle Road ran into three loaded freight- cars near Unionport, Ohio. The engineer, Thomas Burke, and the fireman were severely injured,; and several passengers wefe wounded. The engine, postal-car and three freight-cars were wrecked. Near Sedalia, Tenn., a few nights ago Delia Dewham poisoned her brother, because be was determined to marry contrary to her taste, by mixing arsenic with bread. He lingered In great a^ony for twenty hours. Fkei>emck Wintz, President of the New Orleane City Railway Company, has been arrested for the embezzlement of $50,000. The message of Governor St. John, of Kansas, was delivered on the 13th. He shows that Kansas has a bonded debt of §1,000,000 and has 8860,000 in the Treasury. Is" Chicago on the 14th A. J. Mason, an expert burglar, who strongly resembled another inmate- o£ the Cook County jail, named Grossman, made his escape by personating the latter and getting a discharge by expiration of sentence. An Indianapolis jury on the 14fch,found John Gardiner guilty of horse-stealing, and sentenced him to three years in the Penitentiary. The convicted felon then coolly walked out of the court-room and had not been heard fronx «p to midnight of that day. Spectators wlio witnessed his departure thought he was accompanied by a bailiff. It is said recent careful investigation in the cotton, belt shows that 16,500,000 acres had been planted, and that the larger portion of the crop would be Bayed, amounting to 5,900,000 bales. One farmer in Kern County, California, had planted fifty acres, with good results. At Wellsville, Mo., recently, Luther Betts was chopping wood, when his little boy came running up with a hand-sled to haul away the wood. He ran under the ax, which struck, him on the neck, nearly severing his head from his body. W. T. Lawrence, the builder of the grand stand which fell in Adrian, Mich., In 1879, and caused the death of seventeen persons,' has had his trial for manslaughter and has been acquitted. According to the late census there are 245 cities in the United States having a population of over 10,000; E. W. Marshall & Co., wholesale dry- goods dealers at Charleston, S. C, have suspended, with liabilities of $60,000. A few nights ago the dwelling of Timothy Cavan, near Gaithersburg, Md., was destroyed by fire, and Cavan's sons, Francis and Denis, aged eleven and thirteen years, respectively, aud an employe named John •Folby, forty-live years of age, were burned to death. A Machias (Me.V dispatch of the 14th states that the trial of Warren Longmore, the nina-year-old boy who killed his playmate at Pembroke last October, had ended in a verdict of manslaughter. He was sentenced to the Reform School during his minority. It was charged that Longmore shot his. companion, whose age was eight, in the bead and neck, and started to drag the body to a manure heap for the purpose of burying it, when, finding that life was not extinct, he took a spade and fractured his victim's skull. Alexaner Rodantj, who advertised himself as the agent of a mammoth watch company, has been arrested in Boston for using the mails for fraudulent purposes. The corpse of James Hamilton, of Greensboro, Pa., was cremated in the Le Moyne furnace at Washington, Pa., on the 14th. The explosion of a boiler in Watson's bleaehery, at Paterson, N. J.,, on the 15th killed'one operative, and seriously wounded another. A band of Indians recently attacked a stage near Fort Cummings, and killed the driver and four passengers, mutilating and burning their bodies. Not long ago George Lawrence, of Springfield, 111., was given a sick pig, which, after keeping several weeks, he slaughtered for family use. His wife soon died, in great agony, from trichinosis, and Ms body was swollen to twice its natural size on the 16th. The analysis of the meat showed that it was alive with parasites. An adjourned meeting of the Convention of Wool Growers and Manufacturers of the United States was held in Washington on the loth. A number of interesting papers on sheep culture were read, and a resolution was adopted urging upon Congress the importance of establishing in the District of Columbia an experimental-farm, at the expense of the Government, to acquire the best species of domesticated animals for distribution among the States. Near Rixford, Pa., on the loth, L. Garth- wait, an employe of the Roberts Torpedo Company, had lowered a forty-quart torpedo into a well, when the well made a sudden flow,, throwing the torpedo into the air. He caught it in his .arms, and, on the rebound, the torpedo exploded, blowing the man to pieces. Frank Walsh, a Brooklyn burglar, who was serving a term of twenty years at Sing Sing, attempted to run across the Hudson on the ice, on the 15th, and was shot dead oy a guard. The number of silver dollars distributed by the United States mints during the week ended on the loth was 101,984, against 7,000 during the corresponding week of last year. Over fifty head of Jersey cattle, among which was a bull valued at $1,500, were burned to death by the destruction of the Coleman barns, in Lancaster County, Pa., On the 15th. Loss estimated at $43,000. There were 1,783 fires in New York City last year, involving a loss of $3,183,440, only $119,367 of which was not covered by insurance. _ Personal and Political. The Maine Legislature has concurred in a report of the Joint Committee on Gubernatorial Votes declarinsr Harris M. Plaisted, the Fusion candidate, elected Governor of that State. The vote as finally determined was: Harris M. Plaisted, 73,713; Daniel F. Davis, 73,544; Joshua Nye, 309; William A. Joy, 124; Harrison M. Plaisted, 57; scattering, 55; total vote, 147,802. Senator McDonald, of Indiana, and Mrs. Josephine E. Barnard were married in Washington on the 12th. The Democratic members of the Ohio Legislature on the 12th renominated Allen G. Thurman for United States Senator. The West Virginia Legislature was organized on the 12th by the election ot the Democratic nominees for presiding officers. Justice Seth Ames, of the Massachusetts Supreme Court, has been forced by advancing years to tender bis resignation. The Democrats of the Delaware Legislature on the 12th renominated Senator Bayard. At a convention of Kansas farmers held at Topeka on the 12th a resolution was adopted favoring a Congressional enactment controlling all inter-State transportation and rates of freight based upon the cost of constructing railroads. The Wisconsin Legislature was organized on the 12th by the election of Thomas B. Scott as President pro tem. of the Senate, and J. B. Bradford as Speaker of the Assembly. ' Governor Chcrchill, of Arkansas, was Inaugurated with great ceremony on the 18th. Both houses of the Michigan Legislature have adopted a concurrent resolution requesting the delegation of the State in Congress to aid in passing the extension of the land grant for a railroad from Ontonagon to the Wisconsin State line. General Grant has been elected President of the World's Fair Commission, and has signified his acceptance. On the 13th the Pennsylvania Republican Senatorial caucus nominated H. W. Oliver, Jr., for United States Senator. Fi£t3'-oue members absented themselves by agreement. Justice Swayne, of the United States Supreme Court, resigned on the 13th, his resignation to take effect on the 23d of January. H. M. Plaisted was Inaugurated Governor of Maine on the 13th. Hamilton Fish has been elected President of the Union League Club of New York. Senator McMillan was renominated on the 13th for United States Senator by the Republicans of the Minnesota Legislature. The New York Republican members of the Legislature on the 13th nominated Thomas C. Piatt for United States Senator. Eight Greenback Representatives in Congress, Messrs. Mutch, Weaver, Ford, De La Matyr, Gillette, Stevenson, Lowe andYocum, on the 15th sent a dlspafch to Governor Plaisted,. of Maine, " congratuJatl ig you and all who aided in elevating you to office as Govr emor of the Commonwealth of Maine* on your able and patriotic inaugural address." 1 William Belden, General Garfield's stepfather, aged seventy years, died on the night of the 14th, at his home in Byron Township, Kent Co., Mich. A bill has been introduced in the New York Lezislature to make real estate the only object of general taxation, and to tax railroad gross earnings two per cent, and insurance premiums three per cent. * . ^ Forelsn. According to a Vienna telegram of the 12th, Turkey was making heavy purchases of arms in the United States. In Ireland on the 12th the Tralee and Les- towel mail-car was*overturned by a mob and all the letters were destroyed." A London dispatch of the 12th says Gladstone, the Premier, hadreduced the rents of his tenants twenty-five per cent. Owing to a distasteful clause in a contract, nearly fifty thousand English colliers struck at Lancashire on the 13th. Jean Dios, the revolutionist of San Domingo, has been shot by troops sent to effect his capture. It recently required over, three hundred Irish police and a squadron of dragoons, with the aid of the parish priest, to serve notices of ejectment on the tenants of Lord Gravard, atDrumlith. On the opening of the state trials at Dublin oh the 13th a party of two hundred evicted tenants marched from the Land-League offices to the court room. A proclamation by the Boers charges the British with having fired the first shot. A Grand Trunk Railroad train, bound west, was wrecked on the bridge at St. Ann's, near Montreal, on the 14th. Seven loaded cars were smashed. Striking miners at Wigan, England, grew so riotous on the 14th that they were charged -by the police, who were repulsed, several persons being seriously injured. It is reported that Mitchell Henry, Home- Rule member of Parliament for Galway, who has spent a fortune in beautifying his estates, and has the reputation of being a generous landlord, has resolved to quit Ireland, on account of denunciation by the Land League. In the British House of Commons on the 14th Parnell's amendment to the address in reply to the Queen's speech, asserting that coercion was no remedy for Irish grievances, was rejected by 435 to 57. At the dose of a recent Land meeting on one of the Arran Islands, off the coast of Ireland, the Leaguers, it is alleged, drove twenty-one fine beeves over the cliffs into the sea. The anti-Jewish agitation has extended from Berlin to Saxony, Bavaria, Leipsic and Breslau. A Vienna dispatch of the 16th announces the appointment of Herr Von Aueniode as Ambassador to the United States. The Grand Orange Lodge of Ireland has sent to the Queen a memorial appealing for .measures to check the terrorism of the Land League. In afresh note to the^Great Powers, published bn the 16th, the Porte refers to the warlike preparations of Greece and invites a movement for a European conference. The Bavarian Minister of the Interior has instructed the police to check the anti-Jewish movement. An investigation of the plot to blow up the armory at Salford, England, shows that the regiment quartered in the barracks had many Irish members, among whom Fenianism had been previously suspected. At Maryborough, Ireland, on the 15th six traders were arrested and held to bail upon the charge of compelling persons to join the Land League. The British Court of Appeals on the 15th ordered the discharge of the writs of attachment issued against Revs. T. Pelbam Dale and W. Enright for persisting in ritualistic practices, for the reason that the writs ordering their imprisonment were defective. The rate of discount of the Bank of England has recently been raised to the highest figure on the Continent, 3)4 per cent. The constant drain of gold .for American export is the cause. OCCUKKENCES OP INTEREST. LATER NEWS. A PBELTMiNART report has been made to the Census Bureau upon the cotton industry of the United States. It shows that there are 530,223 looms, and 10,921,147 spindles, consuming 1.568,4S1 bales of cotton, and employing 181,628. persons. Diphtheria was raging in the vicinity of Valparaiso, Ind., on the 17th with a virulence that almost equaled that of yellow fever. Chauncy Gaylord; residing near Chrisman Station, buried five children in one grave, and two more were not expected to survive the day. Superintendent Walker has recently furnished the official figures of the popula-' tion of the following States: Colorado, 194,- 649; Florida, *266,566; Louisiana, 940,263; Kentucky, 1,648,599; California, 864,6S6; Connecticut, 622,6S3; Idaho, 32,611; Georgia, 1,538,983; Michigan, 1,636,335; West Virginia, 618,193. The census of all the States shows a total population of 49,369,595 and of the Territories 783,271, making a grand total of 50,- 152, S66. The value of domestic breastuffs exported from the United States during the month oi December, 1880, was $18,214,746; December, 1879, §19,155,236; twelve months ended December, 1880, $263,295,359; same period in 1879, $239,201,889, George Ehredt, son of a farmer living near Galena, 111., a few mornings ago playfully pointed a gun, which he thought unloaded, at his brother while in bed. The gun was loaded and went off. The bullet lodged in the brother's throat, killing him almost instantly. &In the State trials at Dublin on the 17th the counsel for the traversers called to the stand a man of eighty-three years, scarcely able to stand upright, who had been evicted from a holding. The Democratic members of the Pennsyl- vana Legislature on the 17th renominated William A. Wallace for United State3 Sen- .ator and those of the New York Legislature Francis Kcrnan. General B. F. Butler was nominated by the Democrats of the Massachusetts Legislature. Bills were passed in the United States Senate on the 17th directing the purchase of the Freedmen's Bank building at Washington for $250,000, and to place General Ord on the list of retired Major-Generals. The joint resolution creating the Yorktown Centennial Commission was also passed. Amotion to lay aside the regular order and take up the case of Senator Kellogg, of Louisiana, was defeated—30 to 34—Messrs. Butler, Davis (111.), Lamar, Groome, Pendleton, Thurman, Voorhees, White, Williams and Bayard voting with the Republicans in the negative. In the House Mr. White introduced a proposition for a Constitutional amendment providing for the election of United States Senators by the people. The Census report was received, and Mr. Cox introduced an Apportionment bill fixing the number of Representatives at 301. After a spirited debate the bill quiet' ing the titles of settlers on DCs Moines River lands was passed. A. Railroad Ticket Twenty Tear* Old. The Hartford (Conn.) Times says that a passenger on a train from Springfield recently gave the conductor a ticket purchased in October, 1869. He bought it at South Framing- ham, Ma3S., for Hartford at that time, but, stopping over in Springfield, had it stamped, and then w.ent to Hartford by another route. It was taken up by the conductor, who said that the oldest one known to "have been taken previously was eighteen years old. The " X.copnrd Boy." New York, January 12. Prof. George Henry Fox, in a lecture on skin diseases at the College of Physicians and Surgeons, exhibited as an illustration the "Leopard Boy." After the Professor had explained that the color of different races depended on the amount of pigment contained in the skin, the boy, a young negro about eleven years old, was let in.. He was scantily dressed. His body is mottled with a patch of white skin. Prof. Fox said that the white spots had enlarged considerably since his first examination of the boy three years ago, and it was safe to predict that the process would go on until transformation would be completed. The lad, in response to questions, said that he was black at birth, and that white spots began to appear when he was three years old. He suffered no pain. A. Fatal Inundation. The Brazilian colony of Blumenau, largely peopled by settlers from Germany, has met with serious disaster in the shape of an overwhelming tropical rain storm. Dr. Blumenau writes to the Saar and Mosel Zeitung that a deluge burst upon the settlers at three o'clock on the morning of the 22d of September, and lasted until eleven at night. Over twenty persons were drowned or lost their lives otherwise during its continuance. In a neighboring settlement, eighteen lives were lost, and doubtless many more in other places. Hundreds of houses were destroyed, bridges washed away, and streets and roads so utterly devastated as hardly to leave a trace of their previous existence. Dr. Blumenau's valuable library and private papers and manuscripts were irreparably damaged, and his botanical garden, that had been carefully cultivated for twenty-five years, was partly uprooted and destroyed, and partly buried in mud. Most of the colonists are destitute. The Explosive Water Pitcher. Mr. William H. Levebgood, Principal of the Boys' Secondary School, this city, had a singular experience on Saturday morning last, at his home in Wrightsville. He was Bitting with certain members of his family, when a loud report—as of the discharge of a heavily-loaded gun—was heard in the sleeping apartment occupied by his mother, and he rushed there to ascertain the cause. Imagine his surprise to find that the pitcher had exploded, and, with the bowl, had been broken into fifty pieces by actual count, some of the pieces having been hurled across the room. The mo3t singular part of the affair was that the apartment was heated by a- register, and that the pitcher contained only about a pint of water, and that was not frozen. Had the pitcher been filled with ice, the cracking of it would not have been remarkable; but there was no such cause, and the vessels were not merely cracked, but seemed to have been blown to pieces by an explosion.—Lancaster (Pa.) Neio Era. Singular Fulfillment of a Bream. Little Clara Beede, the ten-year-old daughter of James M. Beede, the Assistant Principal of the High-School at Orange, N. J., was greatly admired for her vivacity and her sweetness of disposition by all her father's neighbors and by her playmates. On the Friday preceding Christmas, the children attending the public schools were dismissed for the holiday vacation. Christmas Day little Clara spent at the Christmas-tree entertainment of her Sunday-School class. She was as lively as was her wont. In the evening her father romped With her. On Sunday morning she came to the breakfast table with a serious face. Her mother questioned her, and Clara said she had had a dream. "I dreamt, mother," she said, "that Idled and went to Heaven. When I got up there an angol met me at the door. He led me by the hand toward a lake of clear water. I asked for a drink. It was handed'me. Oh, mother, how delicious it was. I could feel it go through all my veins. Then, mother, I saw you by my side. I was glad at that, for I saw you drfnk, too." Mrs. Beede bade her child pay no attention to the dream. They were both in good health, and not likely to die. On Sunday afternoon symptoms of diphtheria were noticed in Clara. A doctor was sent for. On New Year's morning, when the neighbors called to wish Mr. Beede the compliments of the season, he informed them that his daughter was dead. She had died that morning. Thej?reatest anxiety was then expressed for the health of the mother, by those to whom Clara's dream was repeated. The father did not resume his duties, in the High-School_pn Monday, for he was suffering from the disease which had caused the little girl's death. His wife, too, was attacked. On Friday Mr. Beede died. The news was kept from his wife, as her death was momentarily expected. Mr. Beede was born in East Hebron, N. H., thirty-six years ago, and was graduated at Wesleyan University in the class of'72. He was for some-time Professor of Mathematics in the Drew Ladies' Seminary in Carmel, N. Y.—N. T. Sun. The Treaties With China. A Washington special of the 10th says: " The Chinese treaties were sent to the Senate to-day, and the documents were referred, in Executive session, to the Committee on Foreign Kelations. The treaties relate to commerce and immigration. "TheEmperor of China agrees that the Government of the United States should exercise entire control over the immigration of Chinese into this country, just as the Pekin Government regulates the movement of foreigners into their country. Whenever, in the judgment of this Government, the immigration ot Chinese labor threatens to injure the interests of this country, we may restrict or put a stop to it altogether. While the (influx of Chinese is not prohibited in terms, the same end is practically accomplished by allowing our Government to exercise its discretion in the premises, except in case of those Nations of China who may come here for other purposes than labor simply. In other words we are not to interfere with the going and coming of Chinese subjects who seek to invest capital, engage in commerce, study or travel; to engage in the practice of the learned professions, or scientinc observation or investigation. The Chinese already here arc to have the same protection of life and property as is guaranteed to our own citizens. "The Commercial treaty provides that no differential or discriminating duties shall be levied by either country at their ports to the disadvantage of the merchant marine or commerce of the other, which is, in fact, in accordance with our statutes as at present in force. It appears also that the treaties do not profess to impair, abolish or annul the Burlingume treaty, but rather define and supplement it, and supply regulations in certain particulars omitted in the other document. The Commercial treaty specifies that the Americans shall not import opium into China, an article, by the way, that we do not have to export, and In return for this concession a very important consideration Is provided in the way of special relief from duties on our manufactured cotton fabrics to our great advantage over English goods," tw»WWMMqi!!l«n!^|B^ The Quaker Origin of Wilmington, aware. Del- Dame Elizabeth Shipley had a dream. She was living at the time—which was in the year of grace 1730—at Ridly Township, near the good town of Philadelphia. Her husband, William, who was of honest, plodding English country folk, was not one that a dream would, lie upon; for such natures as his are ot hard, dry substance, in which flowers of imagination do not bloom freely, and from which the dews of night pass readily in the open daylight. But Elizabeth's dream lay upon her mind the next day, and she told it to her husband. It was thus: She was traveling on horseback along a high-road, and after a time she came to a wild and turbulent stream, which she forded with difficulty; beyond this stream she mounted a long and steep hill-side; when she arrived at its summit a great view of surpassing beauty spread out before her. The hill whereon she stood melted away in the distance into a broad savannah, treeless and covered with luxuriant grass. On either side of the hill ran a stream— upon one, the wild water-course which she had just crossed; upon the other, a 1 sea, steepness, exposure to bad winds* and the poor land too high. Sir Richard Griffith was an engineer in his earlier life, and from 1851 to 1864 was Chairman of the Board of Public Works in Ireland. As a sample of the thorough manner in which the valuation was made, a correspondent of the Toronto Globe writes: The maps gotten out were, as nearly perfect as possible, were on a six-inch scale, and contained county, barony, parish^ townlands, homes, acreage, owners, cities,, towns, demesnes, farms, runs, collieries, forges, lime-kilns, tanneries, bleach-greens, wells, roads, canals, bridges, locks, weirs, hogs, churches and every cabin, etc. There were lines even to mark the fall of the water and the curvature of the land. Griffith divided his valuators into two classes—ordinary valuators and cheek valuators; the duty of the latter was to follow the former into every district and patch, to; dig and examine, no matter how small, to test the accuracy of the ordinary valuators, and to alter the valuation if necessary. Valuators were bound to examine upper and under soil, all was to be valued at its agricultural worth; elevations above the level of the snake-like river that wound sluggishly j along in the sunlight. Then for the first time she saw that a guide accompanied her, and she spoke to him. " Eriend, what country is this that thou hast taken me to?" "Elizabeth Shipley," answered, he " beneath thee lie th anew land and a fruitful, and it is the design of Divine Providence that thou shouldst enter in thereto, thou and thy people, and ye shall be enriched even unto the seventh generation. Therefore now leave the place where now thou dwellest, and enter into and take possession. of this land, even as the children of Israel took possession of the land of Canaan." He finished speaking, and as she turned to j look, he vanished, and she awoke. William Shipley bade his wif e think no more of her dreams, for if one pulls *6p blue beans after they have sprouted, one's pot is like to go empty. So, meeting with no encouragement, after some days the sharpness of her dream became dulled against the hard things of every-day life. A year passed, and Elizabeth received a Divine call to go and preach at a meeting of the • Society barrenness, patchiness, bad roads, bad fences, all things which would depreciate and cause a reduction in value. On the other hand, limestone, turf, seaweed and other manures, good roads, climate, shelter and convenience to good market towns were also taken into account and the valuation increased accordingly. — < t » A Faithful Dog. In the southern part of Bolton there has lived for six or eight years past an Englishman, aged about sixty, by the name of Woolrich, who did not appear to be doing much for a living. He kept live dogs—some of them ugly—andfew people went near the house. Last Thursday a notification was left With Eirst Selectman White that Woolrich had not been seen for several days. Messrs: White and Sumner, two l'esolute men, went to the house. They were greeted by the furious onset of a large coach dog, who, on their opening the door wide enough txTlook in, bounded forward with an ominous growl and a dis- play of teeth that meant mischief. The ofEriends I men snu* *^e door and went to the win- PUNGENT PARAGRAPHS. —The balloonist's home is one flight up.—N. Y. News. —A humorous article—a baby with the rash.—Lowell Citizen. —Strange as it may appear, every seaworthy ship is for sail.—Borne Sentinel. —If you have a desire to see a national and patriotic kiss just watch B Pluri bus Unum.— Quincy Modern Argo. —"There's a sketch from my pen," said the old farmer, showing his city nephew a pencil drawing of a fat hog he had killed.—Syracuse Sunday Times. —The difference between a man and a clock is, that the former quits work when he strikes while the latter quits work when it don't strike.—Whitehall Times. —A New York womanlost $20,000 one day last week while out shopping. A Rockland woman might go shopping every day for a year and not lose so much money. She is too careful,— Rockland Courier. —Why are a true lover's visits like a successful newspaper? Because they .commence weekly, become semi-weekly, then tri-weekly, and then daily with Sunday supplement.—Philadelphia Sunday Item. m « »' The Foolish Hen—A Fable. held in ^f praLsnla thlat^esVetweeu j dow- Looking in, they saw Woolrich the Delaware and Chesapeake bays, lt was in the spring time, when the meadows were clad with bright green, when the woodlands were soft with tender leaves, unfolding timidly in the generous warmth of the sun, when the birds sang, when the cocks crowed lustily, when the wren chattered under the eaves, and all the air was burdened with the sweetness of the apple blossoms, among which the bees swarmed , with drowsy hum. So she set forth on j her journey, jogging southward along j the old King's Road. She passed many j streams of sweet water untainted with lime, Avhere the little fish darted here and there as her old gray farm horse went splashing across their pebbly reaches. After a journey of sixteen or came to a eighteen miles she roaring stream that cut through tree-covered" highlands and came ravins: and rushing down over great rocks and bowP ders. The cawing of crows in the woods, and a solitary eagle that went sailing through the air, was all the life that broke the solitude of the place. As she hesitated on the bank before entering the rough-looking ford, marked at each end by a sapling^ pole to which a red rag was fastened, tlie whole scene seemed strangely familiar to her. After she had crossed the stream she began ^ascending a hill up which the highway led, that feeling strong upon her which one has at times of having lived through such a scene before. At the top of the hill she came to a clearing in the forest where an old Swede had built him a hut, and begun to till the land. Here the woods unfolded like a curtain, and beneath her she saw the hill melt away into level meadows that spread far to a great river sparkling in the sunlight away in the distance. Upon one hand ran a sluggish river curving through the meadows; on the other, the brawling stream she had just crossed. She sat in silence looking at the scene, while the little barefoot Swedish children gathered at the door of the hut, looking with blue-eyed wonder at the stranger; then clasping her hands, she cried aloud, "Behold it is the land of my vision and here will I pitch my tent!" Over the wooded hill-sides and across the grassy savannahs Avhich Dame Shipley saw first in her dream and afterward in the reality, now spreads a busy and populous city, of which she and her husband were the chief founders. The smoke from factory, chimneys stireaks the air with black ribbons of vapor; on the breeze come the clatter, the rattle and the hammering of the great shipyards that now lie along the banks of the slow-running, snake-like river that she saw in her dream: while beside the other brawling stream stand cotton, woolen, paper, flour and powder mills. Everywhere is the busy excitement and teeming rush of tilose population. That was the sower, that the seed and this the fruit that grew from it—the city of Wilmington, the metropolis of Delaware—Howard Pi/le, in Harper1 $ Magazine. Griffith's Valuation. "Griffith's valuation" has been so frequently mentioned in the cable dispatches, with reference to the Irish land ti*oubles, that a brief explanation of it will be of interest to our readers. It is substantially a valuation of land in Ireland made for purposes of taxation by Sir Richard John Griffith, some forty years ago, which is much lower than that now made by the landlords. In. a letter, written in 1843, which has recently "been reprinted by the London Times, Sir Richard says: "In regard to the valuation made under my direction, I am of opinion that one-third being added to the prices contained in the field-books would make a full or high -rent, higher than most gentlemen rent their lands, but not higher than small proprietors and middlemen let their lands. This rent would not include the tithe-rent charge or any tax to which lands are liable." This valuation has been accepte.l by the League, though it is said that the best land was valued too low in 1843 sitting in a chair by the stove, his head bent forward, as if asleep. Unable to arouse him, and the dog continuing to exhibit the ugliest symptoms, it was resolved to kul him Mr. White had brought his gun, but the dog kept so near his master, as if guarding him, that it was not deemed safe to fire from the window; and, raising this, the visitors hurled a stone, to start the dog forward. He'dashed at them with a furious bound, when the gun was discharged, killing the faithful animal instantly. Going into the room, the visitors discovered that Woolrich was dead. Probably he had been dead several days, and had been frozen to death. He was not known as a drinking man. His other dogs, starved out, had left him, but this one faithful and formidable animal had refused to desert him, and stood it out bravely by his side in cold and hunger. The dog fell a martyr to his devotion and fidelity.—Hartford (Conn.) Times. Japanese Dress. To each class of the Japanese population a special description of clothing is assigned, varying in material according to season. These may be dividend into the ordinary, festive,.mourning, professional, official, state, and other special fashions of dress. The laborer, farmer, and handicraftmen do not overburden themselves with clothing; a loin cloth forms their light summer raiment, while their cold weather costume is usually comprisedin a wrapper and short girdle. The better class of artisans and shopkeepers wear a haori,' or short dress, over all, when out of doors, and from the thinnest gauze which they wear in the heat of summer they change in succession to single cotton cloth, to lined cotton, and, finally, to cotton-wadded* garments in winter, silk clothing being reserved for festivals, visits, or great occasions. 'Firemfen wear thickly-padded and quilted dresses, with mittens and cap to match them. Small officials and many of the better class of tradesmen use the hakama, or split petticoat, the dress being tucked into it, and the haori worn over all. On special occasions, and in place of the liaori, an upper dress, resembling a pair of wings, hangs from the shoulders. It is formed of a material resembling the hakama worn with it, but is seldom seen at present. The kami shimo, or winged jacket, is also worn on special occasions. The ordinary dress of the daimios resembles the latter somewhat. But it would require a special chapter to describe it fully. The dress of females of the lower and middle classes differs only in the quality of material, the fashion of all being alike. In the nationalmode of dressing .the hair, now falling into- disuse, the locks are gathered to the crown of the head, tied there, and the queue carried over to the forehead, a patch being kept clean-shaven, on which it rests.—Cor. Boston Herald. A Smart Grocer. 'A Michigan Avenue grocer took a new clerk a few days ago, and aniong^ other things "he cautioned him to keep a bright lookout and see that none of tlie goods at the front door were stolen. The other evening when the grocer returned from supper bethought he would give the clerk a fright, and lie. crept softly up and took twelve dressed chickens from a basket and carried them around to the back door and hung tliem on a hook. When the chickens were missed the clerk was given a bad scare by being informed that he must pay for them. After a while the grocer decided that the joke had been carried far enough, and he went out to bring in the chickens. They had flown away. While he was scaring the clerk "some one had come through the alley and provided himself with fowl to last all the week.—Detroit Free.Press.... . m m ^ —The late engineer of the Austrian arms factory has invented a repeating rille of novel construction, and the German infantry rifles will be converted on this model? It greatly increases, the firing capacity. Mrs. Brown Hen was known throughout her neighborhood as a modest, hard- scratching, patient biddy. She never complained of the cold or found fault with the heat, and no one ever heard her express an envious wish. Great was the surprise, therefore, when she appeared among the barnyard fowls one day, and began: "I'm tired of being a hen. It is nothing but scratch for worms and lay eggs for the family. Let a peacock pass by and all praise it, but what member of the family ever had a word of praise for me? I'm going to be a peacock." "That you cannot be," replied a veteran old rooster, as he shook the dust off his back. "You lack in size and shape. Nature intended you for a hen, and as a hen you are a success." "But lean Hress like a peacock," persisted the hen. " P m sick and tired of these brown colors. I see no reason why I shouldn't dress as well as any other fowl." Arguments and reasons were of no avail, and Mrs. Brown Hen walked away to carry out her programme. In an hour she appeared among the peacocks with a red ribbon around her neck, a gay feather over her ear, and a red woolen rag tied around her leg. She strutted about and tried to make herself at home, but one of the peacocks stepped forward and said: "You are simply deceiving yourself. We all know you for a hen. While you were acting the part of a hen we all respected you. Now that you are crowding'in where you don't belong, and where neither nature nor education have fitted you, you deserve only contempt." The hen persisted in trying to be a peacock, and as she strutted around itf^ ner borrowed finery the cook observed her and said: '4 No hen with her means could have come by those things honestly. She was the best hen in the coop as long as she remained in her place, but now that she is out of it she will be gossiped about and made miserable, and I will therefore wring her necK and eat her." —Detroit Free Press. *—.■ . m Hereditary Descent of Beauty. Mr. Darwin believes that the general beauty of the English upper class, and especially of the titled aristocracy, is probably due to their constant selection of the most beautiful women of alj classes (peeresses, actresses, or wealthy bourgeoise) as wives through an immense number of generations. The regular features and fine complexions of the mothers are naturally handed down by heredity to their descendants. Similarly, it would seem, that we must account for the high average of personal beauty amongst the ancient Greeks and the modern Italians by the high average of general taste, the strong love for the beautiful diffused amongst all classes in both those races. The prettier women and the handsomer men would stand a better chance of marrying, other things equal, and of handing do wu their own refined type of face and figure to their children. If this be so—and evolution- sists at least can hardly doubt it—then we should expect everywhere to find the general level of personal beauty - highest where there was the widest diffusion of assthetie taste. Now, our own squalid poor are noticeable, as a rule, for their absolute and repulsive ugliness, - even when compared with those of other European countries. Gaunt, hard-faced women, low-browed, bull-dog-looking men, sickly, shapeless children, people the back slums of our manufacturing towns. Their painful ugliness cannot all be due to their physical circumstances alone; for the laz- zaroni who hang about the streets of Naples must lead lives of about equal hardship and discomfort; yet many of them, both men and women, are beautiful enough to sit as models for a Leonardo. On the other hand, every traveler speaks in admiration of the beauty and gracefulness displayed by young and old amongst the aesthetic Polynesians; while in many like cases I note that Europeans who have once become accustomed to the local type find decidedly pretty faces extremely common in several savage races whose primitive works of art show them in other ways to possess considerable aesthetic taste. In India, where artistic feeling is universal, almost every man and woman is handsome. On the whole, it seems fairlv proved that the average personal beauty everywhere corresponds to the average general love for beauty in the abstract.——-Cornhill Magazine." —Curious Kentucky town nomenclature: V Pulltight" in Hopkins County; " Pmchem Slyly" in Spencer; " Pluck 'em in" inVJessamine; "Shirt-tail Bend," " Shake-rag" and "Dog Walk'1 in Muhlenberg; " Lick Skillet," " Grab All" and " Ti-wa-pa-ta" in the vicinity ofElkton; "Fool's Hollow," "Moll's Gut" and " Lowden's Hole"" in Henry, and " Devil's Den" and " Hell's Half- acre" in Spencer. rrWf.WTtfa.y^jM^^irirtTirtfftwf^^ _ ^*.«^ i:.^wifi^^i^;^»*»>ff«|^Miikl>lg<»)»lJ|l||l I A **<^*;*i#U««*»^ wfcftiL^MK.lJ^llrttah*^ tar«*%ia«a#iMiihiJi* ■^iniV^ral^^jfej^
|Title||1881-01-20; Saline Observer|
|Publisher||LeBaron & Nissly|
|Description||An issue of the Saline, Michigan newspaper. Published weekly. Began publication in 1880. No longer published.|
|Subject/Keywords||Saline (Mich.) - Newspapers; Washtenaw County (Mich.) - Newspapers;|
|Copyright Permission||This material is in the public domain.|
|Title||1881-01-20; Saline Observer|
|Publisher||LeBaron & Nissly|
|Description||An issue of the Saline, Michigan newspaper. Published weekly. Began publication in 1880. No longer published.|
|Subject/Keywords||Saline (Mich.) - Newspapers; Washtenaw County (Mich.) - Newspapers;|
|Copyright Permission||This material is in the public domain.|
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