1881-10-06; Saline Observer
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s,. "1 iSa5*vTT.T'. Saline LE BAM & NISSLY, Proprietors. SALINE, WASHTENAW COUNTY, MICHIGAN, OCTOBER 6, 1881. VOL. I.-NO. 11. S ! r. Important Intelilgeaee from All Parts. ? & Domestic. A Red-Bank (N. J.) telegram of the 27th says the legal authorities of Monmouth County-had addressed the Attorney-General of the State and the Attorney-General of the United States upon the propriety of filing counts before the Grand Jury of Monmouth County against Guiteau for the mur- dertof President Garfield. It was held that the^waivjer of a Coroner's inquest by the State does not deprive the Grand Jury of its power to indict a criminal. A great' sensation was caused in Washington on the 28th by rumors' of further assassination. Two men were overheard planning for and prophesying President Arthurls murder, but the police, on inves- gatioifV*. 'concluded that the planning was only^theffaporings of intoxicated men and declared that there was not tlie slightest apprehension of trouble. Bill Ryan, one of the gang who participated in the Glendale robbery of the Chicago & Alton train, was convicted of the offense'onthe 2Sth, an'd sentenced to twenty- five years imprisonment. It .was. stated on the 29th ult. that the new disease", known as "pink-eye,"' among horses was becoming very general and serious in St. Loui3 and Chicago. The disease begins with a running at the eyes, and its mosf slsrfp'us symptom is a swelling of the lmibs?: "^Rest and careful treatment for a Week'orten days generally bring the animal out of danger. A Philadelphia telegram of a recent date says gold memorial medals are to be issued from the United States Mint. On one sldej<y^il|-he the medallion of Garfield, and on life other of Lincoln. Captain* Henrt MgCormack, of the steamer Caddo Belle, which plies between Columbus, Ga., and Mobile, Ala., committed'suicide the other day by shooting himself through the heart with a pistol, because he miscalculated the floating capacity of his vessel and did not wish to be laughed at for h is m iscalcul atlon. At a reunion of Missouri ex-Confederate soldlersfat Moberly a few evenings ago res- olutiqiiS were adopted expressive of heartfelt gfcfef at the death of President Garfield, accepting as final the issues of the Avar as. decidM'pn-the field of battle, and "depre- catlng:<he*growth of the seeds of assassination in the land." Colonel Cokkiiill, United States Attorney 'for the District of Columbia, received a communication on the 29th ult. from; At torney-General Stockton, of New Jersey, in which the latter states no action -will be taken In Guiteau's case by the authorities of that State. A Boston (Mass.) dispatch of the 29th ult. announces the loss of the fishing schooner Guy Cunningham, with all on board. The crew numbered fourteen men and boys. TKE members of the New Orleans Board e>. - - y - of Health have asked the Grand Jury to '■'& Js£ investigate the charge of imprdper influences ^ 4***^** in granting; permits. The perpetrators of the Arkansas train- robbery have been lodged in jail at Hope, and have been fully identified. One was captured near Sulphur Bluff, Texas, and the other two in the Indian Nation. Frank Work's double trotting team, Edward, and Dick Swiveller, trotted a mile ou theTPleetwood Park on the 29th ult. -in the unprecedented time of 2:19}^. Tbe Treasury Department states thalr there are still outstanding over §21,000,000 in bonds on which interest has ceased, some of which should have been offered for redemption eleven years ago. Bkring August the value of the exports frolri'the United States exceeded the value of the imports by $5,S04,124. During the year ended August 31 the excess of exports was $167,079,544. The imports of gold bullion during the year exceeded the exports by $79,459,431. During the nine months ended Septem- ber-,3*v.la.st, there were 3,890 business failures in: tills country, with aggregate liabili- tles-qf $51,000,000. During the corresponding-months last year there were 3,476 failure^, with* $45,000,000 of liabilities. John Magh-vFis, of Nicetown, Pa., went to see his wife, who was stopping with her mother, Mrs. Reed, at Philadelphia, on the evening ofthe 30th ult. Maginnis scolded his wife for not informing him of the death of their child recently, and then shot her in the breast. Mrs. Reed followed Maginnis, who ran away after he shot his wife. He turned, on his pursuer and fired two shots, killing iter instantly. He was arrested after a desperate struggle. At Rochester, N. "Y., on tbe 30th ult, Miss Jewett rode twenty miles in 45 minutes and 5 seconds—the best time on record. Presley Cowan, of St. Clairsville, Ohio, recently attempted a balloon voyage from Washington. Ohio, but on his descent struck a tree top? and fell fifty feet to the ground, » dying in a few minutes. The Ohio Central Coal Company has engaged 620 experienced Prussian miners to work in its coal mines. The Post-office Department, finding the bonds given by Postmasters generally insufficient to protect the Government, recently ordered the concentration of deposits at one hundred leading offices, to take effect October 1. Up^'to the close of business on the 30th ult. $7,248,950 of five per cent, coupon bonds under the 103d call, and $19,078,250 of five per cent, registered bonds under the 104th call had been presented at'the Treasury Department for payment. The total amount of United States currency outstanding on the 30th ult. was $862,- •531,495- The outstanding National Bank notes aggregated* $"157,770,490. Astp.ii> of territory in the Cottonwood Valley in Kansas, thirty miles long by four miles wide, was devastated by a cyclone on the evening of the 29th ult. Twelve persons were known to have lost their lives, and* several were reported missing. On the 30th ult., in the face of a stiff gale, Little Brown Jug paced a mile onthe Louisville (Ky.) track in 2:12. *** Forty-two National banks with an aggregate capital of $5,685,000 have been organized during the last six months. A TORNADO on the 30th ult. demolished most of the buildings in the towns of Madison and Stanton, Neb. In the former place two persons lost their lives, and In the latter twenty persons were more or less injured. Thirty-seven business houses and ten dwellings in the business portion of Eldred, Pa., were destroyed by fire on? the 80th tilt., involving a loss of $125,000. The.public-debt statement issued on the lst"niakes the following exhibit: Total debt , (including int eresfc Of $14,847,285), $2,049, - * 542,472. Cash in Treasury, $250,636,547, Debt, less amount in Treasury, $1,798,- S55,925. Decrease during September, $17,- 483,641. Decrease since June 30, 1881,. $41,- 742,SS6. Thomas Hughes & Co., manufacturers of hosiery at Philadelphia and Bristol, Pa., have failed. Their liabilities are over $100,- 000.- Heney Metzgae, who was recently executed at Titusville, Fla., stated on the scaffold that he had killed seven men. A merchant of New York, named Jackson, presented to the Police Board of that city on the 1st a letter from Utica, which he interpreted.as a threatto assassinate Roscoe Conkling. The Commissioners could not agree with this view. Ted Franks, the jailer at Bloomington, 111., was shot through the heart on the evening of the 1st by a horse-thief named Charles Pierce. Other prisoners seized the murderer and took the revolver from him. Within ninety minutes a crowd of five thousand persons surrounded the jail, the iron doors'were soon forced, and Pierce was dragged out to a locust tree at the corner of Market and venter streets, and Strung up. The shrieks of the villain could be heard above the cheers of the croAvd. The Chiracahua Apaches, numbering 316, under the leadership of "Natchez, left the sub-agency in Arizona on the 1st, going in the direction of the settlements in Sulphur Springs Valley. They were joined by Chiefs George and Bonito, of the White Mountain tribe, the number of warriors being 150. Great destruction to property was caused by the recent tornadoes in Kansas and Nebraska. Several persons were injured, some fatally. Tns Faculty of Yale College has voted unanimously to adopt the revised version of the New Testament. S. H. Burton, of Cincinnati, was cutting coupons from $10,000 in four-per-cent. bonds in a safety deposit vault in that city on the 1st, when three adroit rascals managed to secure the valuables and escape. At Gray's Mills, Miss., the other day Mr. James Freeman's grandson, aged nine, being offended at a little daughter of Allen Harris, aged two years, blindfolded the child and threw her into a well, where she was subsequently found dead. A brawl in a saloon in Philadelphia, kept by Deputy Sheriff Smith, which originated in the snatching of a cigar from a vest pocket, ended by William Johnson killing John Kisted by a blow with his fist. Personal and Political. The State Convention of the Wisconsin Democracy was held in Milwaukee on the 2Sth, and the following ticket was placed in nomination: Governor, M. D. Fratt; Lieutenant-Governor, W. A. Anderson; Secretary of State, Michael Johnson; Treasurer, Colonel W. H. Jacobs; Attorney-General, M. J. Briggs; Superintendent of Public Instruction, Robert Graham, the Republican nominee; Railroad Commissioner, Ambrose Hoffman; Insurance Commissioner, Lewis Koeffier. The Minnesota Republican State Convention met in St. Paul on the 28th and nominated the following ticket: Governor, General L. F. Hubbard; Lieutenant-Governor, Charles A. Gilman; Secretary of State, Fred Von Baumbaeh; Treasurer, Charles Ket- tleson; Auditor, W. W. Braden; Attorney- General, W. J. Hahn; Railroad Commissioner. General J. II. Baker; Supreme Court Judges, Charles Vandcrburg, William Mitchell and D. A- Dickinson. The Pennsylvania Democratic State Convention met at Williamsport on the 2Sth and nominated Orange Noble for State Treasurer. The platform declares in favor of strict adherence to the Constitution; home- rule; freedom of election: denounces monopolies, and class legislation: opposes a third term, and misappropriation of the public funds; also .denounces the "arrogant, corrupt and personal domination controlling the Republican party of the State;" demands the prosecution of the Star-route thieves, and a real reform ofthe Civil Service; etc., etc. ;" The Maine State Straight-Greenback Convention met in Lewistbn, Me., on the -Sth, and adopted resolutions declaring that it was the only representative of the Green- buck sentiment of Maiue, and that an affiliation with any other party would be asaeri-* flee oiTpiinciple. The Massachusetts State Prohibitory Convention met in Boston on the 2Sth and renominated last year's ticket. King Kalakaua paid a visit of respect to President Arthur in Washington on the 28th. A naval steamer was placed at his disposal to visit Yorktown and Fortress Monroe. The announcement was made from Washington on the 2Sth that Mr. MacVeagh had informed President Arthur of his wish to retire°from the Cabinet. The Prohibitionists of Wisconsin* met at Madison*on the 29th ult. and nominated the following State ticket; For Governor, T. D. Kanouse; Lieutenant-Governor,' Harvey S. Clapp; Secretary of Stat*, Edmund Bartlett; Superintendent of Public Instruction, Robert Graham; Railroad Commissioner, Captain John Nader; Insurance Commissioner, Thomas Brocken; State Treasurer, John Sutton; Attorney-General, E. G. Comstock. It is said that Mrs. Garfield will spend her summers at Mentor and her winters at Cleveland, or AVilliamsfcown, Mass. ON the 29th ult. the Emperor of Japan sent a dispatch to the State Department, expressing profound sorrow for the death of President Garfield and sympathy with the Nation and the afflicted family of the deceased. The President and several of his Cabinet left Washington for New York on the 29th ult. A Washington dispatch of the 29th ult. says President Arthur had-informed Attorney-General MacVeagh and Postmaster- General James that it was his earnest desire that the Star-route thieves and all other public plunderers should be promptly and vigorously prosecuted, and expressed a wish that both gentlemen should remain in the Cabinet at least until the prosecutions were ended. - The resignation of First Lieutenant F, D. Grant, of the Fourth Cavalry, has been accepted by the President. It was announced on the 29th ult. that George Scoville, of Chicago, would go to Washington and undertake the defense of Guiteau, his brother-in-law. He states that Guiteau's uncle and two other relatives died in insane asylums, while another was in the Michigan retreat. On the 30th ult. the District-Attorney of the District of Columbia, assisted by Colonel Bliss and Mr. Brewster, counsel /or the United States Government, appeared before Judge Cox at the Washington Criminal Court and "filed an information against Thomas J. Brady, ex-Second Assistaut- Postmaster-General; Jolm L. French, lately Brady's chief clerk; AV. H. Turner, ex- clerk of the Post-office Department; George L. McDonough, a Star-route contractor; and Samuel P. Brown, an agent of the Star- route ring. This course was taken because it was feared that the District Grand Jury could not be relied on. The former war chief Victoria died recently at the San Carlos reservation, and his father applied for permission to kill a squaw charged with bewitching him. J. Stanley Brown has been appointed the financial agent of Mrs. Garfield,.and has been instructed to sell the Washington residence. A Washington dispatch of the 30th ult. says that Secretary Windom had insisted that his resignation be accepted, and that he would seek a re-election as United States Senator. Up to the evening of the 30th ult. the fund for the benefit of Mrs. Garfield had reached a total of $333,796. MayorMeans, of Cincinnati, has forbidden the members of the police force of that city to take any active part in politics during his Administration, and has directed such members of the force as beloug to political associations to resign forthwith. It is said that Mrs. Abraham Lincoln has suffered the keenest anguish since the shooting of President Garfield, and insists that her son Robert abandon public life. Ex-Congressman Voorhis, of Nev/ Jersey, has been acquitted on all the indictments found against him. Warrants were served at Washington on the 1st upon Brady, Turner and French, for their alleged complicity in the star-route frauds. Timothy K. Earle, the Prohibition candidate for Lieutenant-Governor of Massachusetts, died a few days ago at ~\\ orcester. Forelgrn. Keene's celebrated! horse Foxhall won the Grand Duke Michael stakes on the Newmarket course, in England, on the 29th ult. A Dublin dispatch) of the 29th ult. says the Irish Land League would appoint two tenants in each neighborhood to assess fair rents, which amount was to be registered by the branch Leagues, and no greater sum paid. An excursion train and a freight train collided near Ayltner, Ont., on the 29th ult. Five persons were killed and twenty wounded, some fatally. Cause, carelessness. The Lancet, the leading medical journal of Great Britain, severely censures President Garfield's physiciaus for not having stated iu the bulletinsjthe true condition of the patient. The Lancet says that a bulletin should be the truth, and nothing but the truth. The announcement is made thatthe Marquis of Lome will resign the Governor- Generalship of Canada at the close of the next session of the Dominion Parliament, and accept a seat in the House of Lords. The steamboat Elizabeth J. Irving was recently burned at Port Hope,!*1 British Columbia. Out of eighty persons on board, it is believed that several Indians perished. The vessel was valued at $50,000. The French Govcf nnient has given notice that the Porte will be held responsible for any disturbances arising from the continued di-patch of Turkish reinforcements to Tripoli. AN earthquake at Changeria, Anatolia, in Asiatic Turkey, on the 30th. ult. killed eleven persons. The Grand Mosque and many buildings were greatly damaged. A number of incendiary fires are reported in the villages of Southern Russia. They are said to be the outcome of the discontent of the peasantry, owing to bad pay and poverty. The greater part of the town of Nyon, Switzerland, was recently destroyed by aa incendiary fire. Several suspected persons have been arrested. Marshal Serrano, the foremost Republican of Spain, has declared his satisfaction with the Government and his confidence iv its stability. LATER *NT_WS. The Grand Jury of the Washington Criminal Court on the 3d exanviled witnesses in the Guiteau case. Among those examined were Surgeon-General Barnes, Dr. Lamb, Policcmau Kearney, who arrested Guiteau, Mrs. White, who saw the shooting and who held the victim's head, and several others. UP to the evening of the 3d the fund for the benefit of Mrs. Garfield and family amounted to $334,679. Town elections were held in Connecticut imtheSd. Hartford and New Htven divided the offices about equally between the partic.-;;-Norwich and !New "Britain went Republican, and Watcrbury chose a Democratic Mayor. The National Tempei-ai.cc Society's Board of Managers have appealed to President Arthur to use his influence to discourage the national drinking customs, and to lessen the great and threatening evil of intemperance. A member of the English Royal family is forming a company with a capital of £3,- 000,000 to purchase waste lands in Ireland, and reclaim and let or sell them to tenants on easy terms. The price of Confederate bonds in the London market has recently advanced, sales being made at three and four per cent. The advance is said to be owing to the fact that a committee had called upon holders to resistor the bonds, thi-s being taken to be a preliminary step to an appeal to some of the Legislatures of the Southern States for the redemption of part of_the bonds, at least. On the 2d the Laud League made a great demonstration in Dublin. The procession was two mile"; long. At the mass-meeting the speakers, Messrs. Parnell, Redpath and Sheehy, made reference to the sympa>hy and interest which they believed was felt for the cause of Ireland's independence by Americans. During the week ended October 1 there were 656,493 standard silver dollars distributed. During the corresponding week in 1880 there were 781,495 put into circulation. Orson Pratt, the noted Mormon Apostle, died at Salt Lake City on the 3d, aged seventy years. Among the callers" at President Arthur's residence in New York City on the 3d was a demented person named Wil kins, who bore a long document with many signatures and asked for a Consulship. The United States mints turned out a total of $7,847,800 in coined money during September, of which $2,600,000 was silver dollars. Tins season's base-ball contest between the eight League clubs has closed, leaving the Chicago Club the champions. The same club were the champions last year. Republican and Democratic Senatorial caucuses have been called to meet in Washington on the 8th. * This Directors of tbe Chicago Board of Trade met on the 3d and decided that 62 cents was about the fair price for margins on October corn contracts. OFFICIAL REPORT. Statement by the Surgeons of the Results of Hie Post-Mortem Examination of the Body of President Garfield. Philadelphia, October 1. The October issue of the American Journal of Medical Sciences contains the following official report of the autopsy of President Garfield, prepared by the surgeons iu charge: Official Record of the Post-mortem Examination of the bocly of President J. A. Garfield, made September 20, 1851, commencing* at 4:3J p. m., eighteen hours after death, at Francklyn Cottage, Elberon, N. J., present and assisting. Dr. D. W. Bliss, Surgeon-General J. K. Barnes, TJ. S. A., Surgeon J. J. Woodward, U. S. A., Dr. Robert Reyburn, Dr. Erank H. Hamilton, Dr. D. Hayes Agnew, Dr. Andrew* H. Smith, of Elberon and New York, and Acting Assistant-Surgeon D. S. Lamb, of the Army Medical Museum of Washington, D. C.: Before commencing the examination a consultation was held by these physicians in a "room adjoining that in wfcich the body lay, and it was unanimously agreed that the dissection should be made by Dr. Lamb, and that Surgeon Woodward should record the observations made. It was further unanimously agreed that the cranium should notbe opened. Surgeon Woodward then proposed that the examination should be conducted as follows: That the body should be viewed externally, and any morbid appearances existing recorded. That the catheter should then be passed into the wound, as was done during life, to wash it out for the purpose of assisting to find the position of the bullet. That a long incision should next be made from the superior extremity of the sternum to the pubis, and this crossed by a transverse one just below the umbilicus. * Thatthe abdominal flap thus made should then be turned back and the-abdominal viscera examined. That, after tho abdominal cavity was opened, the position of the bullet should be ascertained, if possible, before making any further incision, and that, finally, the thoracic viscera should be examined. This order of procedure was unanimously agreed to. (The examination was then procee led with, and the following external appearances were observed: Tho body was considerably emaciated, but the face was much less wasted than the limbs. A preservative liuid had been injected by the embalmer a few hours before into the left femo al artery. The pipes used for this purpose were still in position. The interior surface of the body presented no abnormal appearances, and there was no ecchymosis, or other discoloration of any part of the abdomen. Just below the right ear, and a little he- hind it, there was an oval ulcerated opening, about half an inch in diameter, from which some sanious pus was escaping, but no tumefaction could be observed in the parotid region. A considerable number of purpura-like spots were scattered thickly over the left scapula, and thence forward as far as the axilla. They ranged from one-eighth to one-founh of an inch in diameter, were slightly elevated and purpnraceous on the surface, and many of them were confluent in groups of two to four or more. A similar but much less abundant eruptiou was observed sparsely scattered over the corresponding region on the right side. An oval, excavated ulcer, about an inch long, the result of a small carbuncle, was scstted over the spinous process ofthe tenth dorsal vertebra. Over the sacu:n there were four small bedsores, the largest about half an inch in diameter. A few acne pustules and a number of irregular spots of pest-morlera hypostatic congestion were scattered over the shoulders, back, and buttocks. The interior part of the scrotum was much discolored by hypostatic congestion. A group of hemorrhoidal tu- morj, rather larger than a walnut, protruded from the anus. The depressed cicatrix of the wound made by the pistol bullet was recognized over the tenth interc-*stal space, three nnd a half inches to right of the vertebral spine. A deep linear incision (made in part by the operation of July 24, and extended by that ol" August 8) occupied a position closely corresponding to the upper border of the right twelfth rib. It commenced posteriorly about two inches from the i-ertel)ial spine and extended forward a lutlo more than three inehev At tho interior extremity of this incision there was a deep, nearly square, abraded surface, about au inch across. A well-oiled, flexible catheter, fourteen inches long, was then passed into this wound, as had been done to wash it out during life. More resistance was at first encountered than had usually been the case, but after several trials the catheter entered without any violence to tho full length. It was Ihcn left in position, and tho body disposed supinely for the examination ofthe viscera. The cranium was not opened. A long incision was made from the superior extremity of the sternum to the pubis, followed by a transverse incision crossing the abdomen just below the umbilicus. The four Haps thus formed were turned back and the abdomin 1 viscera exposed. The subcutaneous adipose tissue divided by the incisions was a little more than one eighth of. an inch thick oyer the thorax, but was thicker over the abdomen, being about a quarter of an inch along the linea alba and as much as half an inch thick toward the outer extremity of the transverse incision. On inspection of the abdominal viscera oitua, the'transverse colon was observed to lie a little above the line of the umbilicus. It was firmly adherent to the anterior edge cf the liver. The greater omentum covered the intestines pretty thoroughly, from the transverse colon almost to the pelvis, It was still quite fat and very much blackened by venous congestion. On both sides Its lateral m argins were adherent to the abdominal par'ieties, opposite the eleventh and twelfth ribs, on the left side, the adhesions were numerous, firm, well-organized and, prohably, o d. [A foot-note here says: "These adhesions and the firm ones on tbe right side, as well as those of the spleen, possible date back to an attack of chronic d3'sentery, from which the patient is said to have suffered during the Civil War. On the'right side there were a few similar adhesions and a number of more delicate and probably recent ones."] A mass of black, coagulated blood covered and concealed the spleen and the left margin of the greater omentum. On ra'.sing tnis omentum it was found that this blood mass extended through the left lumbar and ilaic regions, and dropped down into the pelvis, in which there was some clotted blood and rather more than a pint of bloody fluid. [A foot-note here says: "A large part of this fluid had probably transuded from tho injection material of tho cmbalmers."] The blood coagula, having been turned out and collected, measured very nearly a pint. It was now evident that secondary hemorrhage had been the immediate cause of death, but the point from which the blood had escaped was not at once apparent. The omentum was not adherentto the intestines, which were moderately distended with gas. No intestinal adhesions were foi.ud other than those between the transverse colon and the liver already mentioned. The abdominal cavity being now washed out as thoroughly us possible, a fruitless attempt was made to obtain some Indication of the position of the bullet before making any further incisions. By pushing the intestines aside the extremity of the catheter, which had passed into the wound, could be felt between the peritoneum and the right iliac fascia, but it had evidently doubled upon itself, and, although a prolonged search was made, nothing- ' could be seen or felt to indicate the pres ence of the bullet, either in that region or elsewhere. The abdominal viscera were then carefully removed from the body, placed in suitable vessels, and examined seriatim, with the following result: The adhesions between the liver and transverse colon proved to bound an abscess cavity between the under surface of the liver and the transverse meso-colon, which involved the gall-bladder and extended to about the same distance on each side of it, measuring six inches transversely and four inches from before, backward. This cavity was lined by a thick pyogenic membrane, which completely replaced the capsule of that part ofthe under sui-facc of the liver occupied by the abscess. It contained about two ounces of greenish- yellow fluid—a mixture of pus and biliary matt er. This abscess did not involve any portion of the substance of the liver except the surface with which it was in contact, and no communication could be detected between it and any part cf the wound. Some recent peritoneal adhesions existed between the upper surface of the right lobe of the liver aud the diaphragm. The liver was larger than normal, weighing eighty- four ounces. Its substance was Arm, but of a pale, yellowish color on its surface and throughout the interior of the organ, from fatty degeneration. No evidence that it had been penetrated by the bullet could be found,- nor were there there any abscesses orinfurc- tions in any part of the tissue. The spleen was connected by diaphragm adhesions. Xliere were several rather deep congenial fissures in its margins, giving it a lobulated uppca ranee. It was abnormally large, weighing eighteen ounces, of a very dark Jake red color, both on the surface and on section. Its parenchyma was soft and flabby, but contained no abscesses or inf urctions. There were some recent peritoneal adhesions betwe n the posterior wall of the stomach and the posterior abdominal parieties. With this exception no abnormalties were discovered in the stomach or intestines, nor were any other evidences of general or local peritonitis found besides those already specified. The right kidney weighed six ounces; the left kidney seven. Just beneath the capsule of the left kidney, at about the middle of its convex border, there was a little abscess one- ^J-u'rd of an inch in diameter. There were three small serous cysts on the convex border of the right kidney, just beneath its capsule. In other respects the tissue of both kidneys was normal in appearance and in texture. The urinary bladder was empty. Behind the right kidney, after the removal of that organ from the body, the dilated track of the bullet was dissected into. It was found that from the point at whica it had fractured the right eleventh rib (three inches and a half to the right ofthe vertebral spine) the missile had gone to the left obliquely forward, passing through the body of the first lumbar vertebra and lodging in the adipose connective tissue.immediately below the lower border of the pancreas, about two inches and a half to the left of the spinal column, and behind the peritoneum. It had become completely encysted. The track of the bullet between the point at which it had fractured the eleventh rib and that at which it entered the first lumbar vertebra was considerably dilated and the pus had burrowed downwards through the adipose tissue behind the light kidney, and thence had f uund its way between the peritoneum and the right iliac fascia, making a descending channel, which extended almost to the groin. The adipose tissue behind the kidney, in the vicinity of this descending channel, was much thickened and condensed by inflammation. In the channel, which was found almost free from pus, lay the flexible catheter, introduced into the wound at the commencement of the autopsy. Its extremity was found doubled upon itself, immediately beneaih the peritoneum, reposing upon the iliac fascia, where the channel was dilated into a pouch of considerable size. This long-descending channel, now clearly seen to have been caused by the burrowing of pus from the wound, was supposed during life to have been the track of the bullet. The last dorsal, together with the first and second lumbar vertebras and the twelfth rib, were then removed from the body for more thorough examination. When this examination was made it was found that the bullet had penetrated the first lumbar vertebra iu the upper pact of the right side of its body. The aperture by which it entered involved the intervertebral carti'age next above, and was situated just below and anterior to the intervertebral foramen, from which its upper margins were about one-quarter of an inch distant. Passing obliquely to the left and forward through the upper part of the body of the first lumbar vertebra, the bullet emerged by an aperture, the centre of which was about half an inch to the left of the median line, and which also involved the intervertebral cartilage next above the cancellated tissue. The body of the lirst lumbar vertebra was very much comminuted, and the fragments somewhat displaced. Several deep fissures extended from tbe track of the bullet into the lower part of the body of the twelfth dorsal vertebra. Others extended through the first lumbar vertebra into the intervertebral cartilage between it and the second lumbar vertebra. Both this cartilage and that next above were partly destroyed by ulceration. A number .of minute fragments from the fractured lumbar vertebra had been driven Into the adjacent soft p-tits. It was further found that the right twelfth rib also was fractured at a point one inch and a quarter to the right of the transverse process ofthe twelfth dorsal vertebra. This injury had not been recognized during life. On sawing through the vertebra a little to the right of the median line, it was found that the spinal column was not involved by the track of the bullet. The spinal cord and otber contents of this portion of the spinal canal presented no abnormal appearances. The rest of the spinal cord was not examined. Beypnd the first lumbar vertebra the bullei; continued to go to the left, passing behind the pancreas to the point where it was found. Here it was enveloped in a firm cyst of connective tissue, which contained, besides the ball, a minute quantity of inspissated, som-> what cheesy pus, which formed a thin layer over a portion of the surface of the lead. There was also a black shred adhering to a part of the cyst wall, which proved, on microscopic examination, to be the remains of a blood Clot. Eor about an inch from this cyst, the track of the ball behind the pancreas was completely obliterated by the healing process. Thence, as far backward as the body of the first lumbar vertebra, the track was fillel with coagulated blood, which extended on the left into a regular space rent in the adjoining adiposo tissu.o. Behind the peritoneum and above the pancreas the blood had worked its way to the left, burrowing finally through the peritoneum behind the spleen into tho abdominnl cavity. Tho rending of the tissues by the extravasation of this blood was undoubtedly the cause Of the paroxysms of pain which occurred a shorttimc before death. This mass of coagulated blood was of Irregular form, and nearly as large as a man's fist, lt could be distinctly seen from in front, through the peritoneum, after its site behind the greater curvature of the stomach had been exposed by the dissection of the greater omentum from the stomach, and especially after some delicate ad^ hesions between the stomach and part of the po.itoneum covering the blood-mass had been broken down by the fingers. Erom the relations Of tho mass, as thus seen, it was believed that tho hemorrhage had proceeded from one of the mesenteric arteries, but, as it was clear that a minute dissection would bo required to de' ermine the particular branch involved, it was agreed that the infili rated tissues aud adjoining soft parts should be preserved for subsequent study. On examination and dissection made in accordance with this agreement, it was found that the fatal hemorrhage proceeded from a rent nearly four-tenths of an inch long in the main trunk of the spienie artery, two inches, and a half to the left of the coeliae axis. The rentmust have occurred at least several days before death, since the everted edges In the slit in the vessel were united by firm adhesion to the surrounding connective tissue, thus forming an almost continuous wall, bounding the adjoining portion of the blood clot. Moreover, the peripheral portion of the clot in this vic'n'.ty was disposed in pretty firm concentric layers. It* was further found thatthe cyst below the lower margin of the pancreas, in which the bullet was found, was situated three inches and a half to the left ofthe cccliac axis. Besides the mass of coagulated blood just described, another about the size of a walnut was found in the greater omentum, near the splenic extremity of the stomach. The communication, if any, between this and the |» larger hemorrhagic mass could not be made out. The examination of the thoracic viscera resulted as follows: The heart weighed eleven ounces. Ail the cavities were entirely empty except the right ventricle, in which a few shreds of soft reddish coagulated blood adhered to the internal surface. On the surface of the mitral valve there were several spots of fatty degeneration. With this exception the cardiac valves were normal. The muscular tissue Of the heart was soft, and to e easily. A few spots of fatty degeneration existed in the lining membranes of the aorta, just above the semilunar valves, and a sle.:der clot of fibrin was found in the aorta, where it was divided about two inches from these valves for the removal of the heart. Onthe light side slight i>leurltic adhesions existed between the convex surface of the lower lobe of the lung and the costal pleura, and firm adhesions between the anterior edge ofthe lower lobe, the pericardium, and the diaphragm. The right lung weighed thirty, two ounces. The posterior part of the fissure between its upper and lower lobes was con- genitally incomplete. The lower lobe of the right lung was hypostatically congested, and considerable portions, especially toward its base, were the scat of the broncho-pneumonia. The bronchial tubes contained a considerable quantity of stringy mueo-pus. Their mucous surface was reddened by catarrhal bronchitis. The lung tissue was cede matous. [Afoot-note here says: "A part at least of this condition was doubtless due to the extravasation of the injection fluid used by the embalmer."] The lung tissue contained no abscesses or inf urcations. On the left side, the lower lobe ofthe lung was bound, behind to the costal pleura, above to the upper lobe, and below to the diaphragm, by pretty firm pleuritic adhesions. The left lung weighed twenty-seven ounces. The condition ot its bronchial tubes, and of the lung tissue, was very nearly the same as on the right side, the chief difference being that the area of broncho-pneumonia in the lower lobe was much less extensive in the left luug than in the right, "in the lateral part of the lower lobe of the left lung, and about an inch from its pleural surface, there was a group of four minute areas of gray hepatization, each about one-eighth of an inch in diameter. There were no bifurcations, and no abscesses in any part of the lung tissue. The Surgeons assisting at the autopsy were unanimously ofthe opinion that, on reviewing the history of the case, in connection with the autopsy, it is quite evident that the different suppurating surfaces, and especially the fractured spongy tissue of the vertebra, furnish a sufficient explanation of the septic conditions which existed during life. About an hour after the post-mortem examination was completed, the physicians named at the commencement of this report assembled for further consultation in an adjoining cottage. A brief outline of the results of the post-mortem examination was drawn up, signed by all tbe physicians and handed to Private-Secretary J. Stanley Brown, who was requested to furnish copies to the newspaper press. D. W. Bliss, J. K. Barnes, J. J. Woodwaud, KOBliRD Keyburn, D. S. Lamb. As the above report contains paragraphs detailing observations made at Washington onthe pathological specimens preserved for that purpose, the names of Drs. E. H. Hamilton, D. Hayes Agnew and A. H. Smith are not appended to it. It has. however, been submitted to them, and they have given their assent to the other portions of the report. Lynch Law in Illinois. BLOOsnKGTON, 111., October 1. The most bloody and exciting tragedy in the history of this (McLean) County occurred here this evening. About half-past six o'clock Ted Eranks, the jailer, was shot and killed by a prisoner, named Charles Pierce, alias Howlett, incarcerated for horse-stealing. The jailer went into the jail to change the prisoner from one cell-to another. The j ailer had a revolver, 32-caliber, in his hip-pocket, and no coat on. He went to unlock the cell-door, when the prisoner seized the revolver and shot the jailer in the back. The jailer then turned around, and was shot in the shoulder. The prisoner fired a third shot, and the ball pierced Erank's heart, going clear through the body, killing him instantly. The other prisoners seized the murderer and prevented him from escaping, and wrested the revolver from him. News of the murder spread like wild-fire, and cries of vengeance were soon heard from the knots of men about the streets. By eight the jail was entirely surrounded by at lgast five thousand men, women and boys, every one demanding the blood ofthe murderer. The Sheriff and police summoned a strong force to guard the jail, and did all in their power; but at nine o'clock a mob of howling men gained entrance, after nearly i tearing down the jail. Eor over an hour the' mob worked enthusiastically and madly, amid the yells, screams and cheers of the lookers- on. When they had forced the inner iron doors in they put a rope around the murderer's neck, and dragged him out through the Aviid crowd to a locust tree near by, at the corner of Market and Center streats. In a few minutes he was dangling in the air, a lifeless corpse. The shrieks and groans of the -victim of mob violence could be heard while he Avas being dragged remorselessly to the tree; but his cries were drowned in loud cheers and yells of "Hang himl" "Lynch him!" Tie wildest excitement prevailed. Some of the best citizens were in the front. Business men cheered and encouraged the lynchers, and women cheered and waved handkerchiefs whea the hope was strongest that Patsey Devine. charged with the murder of Aaron Goodfellow in 1879, now a prisoner iu jail, would be lynched, too; but the mob dispersed without touching him, though the feeling was very strong. AVhen the murderer waS raised the first time Officer Bailey, of the police force, imperiled his life by running in and tutting the rope, letting the body fall. Attempting to repeat this act of bravery he came near being killed. Jailer Eranks was a noble man and a good cirizen, lilted by all. He had lived here over t venty years, and his death is universally lamented thou a hout the city. Pierce stole a n.nte and buggy here a few weeks ago, and was captured at Jacksonville, where he is known as a bad man. He was only twenty years old, of medium size, smooth face and "brown hair, with a bad countenance. After hanging on tho tree thirty minutes, and having been seen by thousands of people, the body ofthe murderer was cut down and taken possession of by the Coroner. The decision of the Supreme Court giving Patsey Devine anew trial was received here yesterday, and exasperated the people, they believing he had a l:-ir trial, This certainly caused intense excitement this evening. Cries of "Justics and courts a farce!" were frequently he ird during the excitement, and it is generally believed that the decision was partially the cause of the people taking this matter into their own bands. MICHIGAN STATE ItiEWS. The record of births and deaths in Wayne County in 18S0 snows 5,M5 births and 2,435 deaths, an Increase of 1,015 births and 494 deaths over the preceding year, and showing a natural increase of 3,020 in the population. Adjutant-General "Robertson lias issued general order No. 16, announcing a special meeting in Jackson, October 12 and 13, in which the militia rifle teams will compete for the Roehm. & Wright badge and tlie Bag- ley medal. *Saeh team will be composed of five men with one alternate. It is expected that companies will present their teams well prepared in every respect lor the competition, which will take place under the ' 'rules of rifle practice" as prescribed In instructions from the Inspector-General, who will have charge ofthe practice, and to wliom Captains of teams will report on their arrival at Jackson. Captains of companies, desiring to send their teams, are directed to report the fact to the Inspector-General at Lansing and make application to the Quartermaster-General for transportation. The cost of transportation and seventy-five cents per day for rations, in lieu of all other pay, will be allowed and paid by the Quartermaster-General. W. P. Tallman, of Grand Eapids, "was probably fatally" injured the other morning by a saw-horse, Avhich fell off the turret of ar church on his head, fracturing the skull. Allen Hall & Co.'s sash, door and blind factory at Lansing was recently struck by lightning and destroyed. Tlie wheat elevator of the Lake Shore & Michigan Southern Eailroad was also burned. Total loss "F40.000. The books of the' "Muskegon National Bank show the disbursement this season, by Chicago parties, of !}33,33S for strawberries. When the postmaster at the village of Evart, Osceola County, reached his office at seven o'clock the other morning, he discovered evidence of a disturbance. Subsequent investigation revealed the fact that access to the ofliee had been gained by cutting out a panel, turning the key in the locks, and removing braces. An attack on the safe, calculated to be. sound in every particular, was made by drilling two holes through the steel shell of the door. The first attempt at drilling was foiled by the lock on the inside. The second attempt was made some eigM or ten inches below. Through this orifice tbe burglars poured a quantity of powder, and succeeded in blowing the door in pieces. The parties, or party, turned almost everything out of the safe, even cutting out the Iron chest and taking it with them. The contents consisted chiefly of office material, which was all valuable, being "cash or its equivalent. The stolen property consisted of 5895.39 in cash and stamps; $173.16 in money orders, making a total of $1,068.40.* William Delane, a Canadian, and Joseph Repper,, of Bay City, were recently instantly killed at Seallon*s camp, Clare County, by a falling tree during a severe hurricane, which is reported to have prostrated two million feet of pine in that section. A eo"mpany has been formed wish ij-ls.'oon,, 000 capital, to pack frozen fish at Detroit. In addition to the home trade, it is prop sed to ship frozen fish in large refrigerators on European steamers, and to introduce the fine fish of the great lakes to the capitals of the old world. The Detroit Central Eelief Committee, composed of "Mayor William G. Thompson,. James McMillan, George McMillan, Martin Butzel and E. W. King, "have forwarded their resignation as such committee to Governor Jerome. They base their action on the ground that, owing to the refusal ofthe Port Huron Committee to co-operate with other Committees, no comprehensive plan can be successfully inaugurated. The Committed also request the Governor to appoint a quasi-State Cominls.sion to administer the entire relief fund, and say that upon notification of such a Commission having been appointed they will at once cheerfully turn over to it the funds now In their keeping, which aggregate $82,714.52, andthe clothing and supplies on hand. The managers of the State Fair reportthat the total gate receipts this year ^were $19,- 695.50, against $21,4*27.40 last year, butthey claim that the current expenses were considerably less. . It was a Grand Eapids jury which decided that the Fourth of July is not a legal holiday, and the first case -brought Into court In that city under the law forbidding billiard tables to be kept where liquors are sold resulted in the acquittal"of the man who owned the tables and the bar-i'Oom. The acquittal was on the ground that the law was not constititutional, inasmuch as it deprives parties of rights given them by the Common Council, which body had been given the power by its charter from the State to regulate the using of billiard tables, and that the respondents.had complied with such charter regulations. A Lansing jury had great respect for liastily-constructed partitions four feet apart, whicli overcame the difficulty of "an adjoining room.-" Stephen A. Graham, living near "F&rwell Clare County, was recently arrested and taken to East Saginaw charged with having obtainett $2,150 of E. G. Goddard, of that. city, under false pretenses. The trouble grew out of a pine transaction, in which Goddard was induced to purchase a tract of land on which there was represented to be two million feet of standing pine, when in reality there was only about forty thousand feet. The following are the Detroit wheat quotations: No. 1 White, $email@example.comM; No. 2 White,$1.40K@l--tO^;Nb.2Eed, nominal. Wesleyan Conference. At the recent session of theMichigan Conference of the Wesleyan Methodist Connection of America at South Locke, the following appointments were announced: Ada, E. T. Gray, Barry, O. H. Johnson; Ba- tavia and Noble, J. B. Sellick: Bedford. J. Burke; Beaver Lake Mission, L. M. Wright; Campbell, T. N. Euller; Cadillac, A. W. House: Coldwater, H. A. Day: CoopersviUe and Six Corners, C. G. Eero; Clayton, J. M. Hewitt; Dunningville and Little Allegan, W. A. Ea>i; Eiint, supplied from "New Haven; Ganges and Laketown, A.S. Bunnel"; Grand Hapids, Wm. Wing; Gun Plain*" and Springb-.o.ok, O. Tap- ley; Gre uwood Mission, J. Embree; Howard andEnslcy, H. C. Hurlbut; Hart,P. W. Hill; Hartwick, Hu&h Bracelin; Hopkins, W. H. lto?s; Huron and llomulus. H. D. Cheney; Htliand and Olive, V.. M. Thompson; Hinton, to be suppi"ed; Ingham, E. W. Bruce; Kensmgtpn and Brighton, Joel Martin and W. P. Martin; Leoni and Spring Arbor, Isaiah Martin: Meridian, L. J. Eymer; Millbrook, J. f?. Mowery; JCewaygo mission, Wm. Eelley: New Haven and Ha^.leton, E. A. AVilson: Ottawa, Harvey Johnson; Pipestone, J. H. Canfield; Plttsford, H. H Bement; Sebewa, A. N. Hudson; Shiawassee, L. O. Bonne/; TittabaAvassee, H. H. Gane; Tompkins and Sandstone, Geovg'e Smith; Wheatland, M. Cuthbert; Whitehall, J. L. Bush; White Biver, SUa-s Bowker and Catherine Bowkei*; Woodland and Irving, N* Slawsoij.; Wright. L. E. Jesseph; Walton Mission, to *b? .supplied. I tfeji'a^^teu.*i»-fe-a-^--»-i-<ii ii__a__M_MNH---a_)N_a_«-__^^ BPi l_MII_Mi___Ml______£__> - I A wmmmmmm $^tfllfriiqifra"»piff^i!»y^Lywv.MU«^^ '«- ■Mfla-aa^il-M^aaggja^i^^ Ba^aAi^w.^.i..,..,....w.4 >>^...^-..rd.^;..^^.«r.;^..^«^»Ay,..^^ .!IJlli.^'l.i!^-.i&S^»t!je^
|Title||1881-10-06; Saline Observer|
|Publisher||LeBaron & Nissly|
|Description||An issue of the Saline, Michigan newspaper. Published weekly. Began publication in 1880. No longer published.|
|Subject/Keywords||Saline (Mich.) - Newspapers; Washtenaw County (Mich.) - Newspapers;|
|Copyright Permission||This material is in the public domain.|
|Title||1881-10-06; Saline Observer|
|Publisher||LeBaron & Nissly|
|Description||An issue of the Saline, Michigan newspaper. Published weekly. Began publication in 1880. No longer published.|
|Subject/Keywords||Saline (Mich.) - Newspapers; Washtenaw County (Mich.) - Newspapers;|
|Copyright Permission||This material is in the public domain.|
LE BAM & NISSLY, Proprietors.
SALINE, WASHTENAW COUNTY, MICHIGAN, OCTOBER 6, 1881.
VOL. I.-NO. 11.
Important Intelilgeaee from All Parts.
? & Domestic.
A Red-Bank (N. J.) telegram of the 27th
says the legal authorities of Monmouth
County-had addressed the Attorney-General of the State and the Attorney-General
of the United States upon the propriety of
filing counts before the Grand Jury of Monmouth County against Guiteau for the mur-
dertof President Garfield. It was held that
the^waivjer of a Coroner's inquest by the
State does not deprive the Grand Jury of its
power to indict a criminal.
A great' sensation was caused in Washington on the 28th by rumors' of further assassination. Two men were overheard
planning for and prophesying President
Arthurls murder, but the police, on inves-
gatioifV*. 'concluded that the planning was
only^theffaporings of intoxicated men and
declared that there was not tlie slightest apprehension of trouble.
Bill Ryan, one of the gang who participated in the Glendale robbery of the Chicago & Alton train, was convicted of the
offense'onthe 2Sth, an'd sentenced to twenty-
five years imprisonment.
It .was. stated on the 29th ult. that the new
disease", known as "pink-eye,"' among
horses was becoming very general and serious in St. Loui3 and Chicago. The disease begins with a running at the eyes, and
its mosf slsrfp'us symptom is a swelling of
the lmibs?: "^Rest and careful treatment for
a Week'orten days generally bring the animal out of danger.
A Philadelphia telegram of a recent
date says gold memorial medals are to be
issued from the United States Mint. On one