1881-12-01; Saline Observer
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* J* $ % OF 1st Sacred Songs aditlon. to our lies of Gounod, ft and Pinsnt*, lif cood rermte. Taure's •"Palm Is," Indicate the phieb are 3S ia KO Cloth. 10NG BOOK for I* bv Abbey «fc Iss'in their last I this ne-svcom- feetes: mdodies 168* paws, and adapted to the "andaj- Sshool. .0, in. .j Boston. PITSO-** & CO.. -.t.-PMIa. iY THE laiion FREE. [L!ncoFn.Heb. entitled I-is* eaxefnll j cen- _aturity,mre» ty» Etiquette, ferriage* Bust- \' I.'-eSa-WirmeTs. , Tzre infematioa .r;-i _-lst.s—each Everywhere. .res. &c, aadress, I., Cidcaso, UL R 77STESES8 21. XEW- SLOt.HA- lut'ral __S_te»-y IsrntO _KrSfl_'s |o-_«"S* SOO 2___.I- Imrrtt. thai e*rer •raft IV'csiffa— r r__J Havre's l.ft-v «•—-*_>«-• plscl- Frida.— lr:_T *-3E*e ct Bel- ,--«. -r_-_ tlie Mount- >?; Irt'^ntainsaH ; -"rankliii Stove— ; -:::— _ t-Mmbaat,. 337.-'*■.'.*. Panics .:--*_.** -.i^CTr.H^j/. ~ Si e^PK _-EtnL X* *_b» . C 2_£«*SO. III. * _>Y WANTS! |:-F THE AGEI VrFi2g-S_Eg s. g *. *nH_ Pat jr.vg T."i WSIX3 CS* EXCZ.F- SITK X-ESJI- _•: BT filTEX. ■ .'=. 1.. -J-_!T1- I*■"-"*> c f aar isB_. fenTt-*-_.«■ !-nt. Ir Varicose trelns ■ _-*": 5* "n. Wid^-s-^- t,.-.rs ir 7_--th6rs of Ii Sytasipsfare-By A :•?_■-=., .- Cia'c A??B*3i J=-*.E___-ins!r-_ |:_, ol -_.Hs_3t.ii_. soffiieHT lis of To-Bay, Ts. =.ts N c-t ■. < >. -,'3. Its bi_r-5*.if.-s. V'rl?*«,-2.i.-7 VkTOr'sI His'-irv of Lt£-U2it-d-_.1t'"'S."* lal St., C_ucag5>. J'SIUBESTLAKP lit. Tiic hest re _d- |. Bay none nnieso : 11:5* name on tli© '2_'l IfRICHS, P-trfc Place, New Yoek. ■ '-■•ani steam ens!-- !. y.'iir r.am", T**.fh 2 ,'j?r!-l_:-i«_ r*. Cuan. 5GEGQ. Cfl-rT-,4. i a very IHhsj: on: laeing* a, J laill Its are immedisf"?. |<fplicate patients. t is the result ot I a certain cure, 11 SiE^E, V/ITU TESTr- iO-ATI, OHIO. fcT WOKJ.T.Ifi 1S0VS- li..'"-K f'jux.i wc-tfcsr Irt'EsiEST!** "n Jliififr > *r.*tru_K'nt by lt,;..IMBU O&PAClTYi , *&-. -SSJ-t- <5t KO i'.-"i!i'T, J%S/, fa'iy fcrc-iiars c'intaSalca; Ir.f p-sfiinf-fti?, will I* Tremont St., Iaco. O pay postage ma cards, or a, se* |d the doeument I amps. Address IStnlTewYork^ m mnm, pST&:</gu--; free, f^'6x,li<M'jn,MsiSS. MUJW~$dbet>% Iw'd: learn. 1"./><a l*oa, Uetrylt, MEoh. kbit <■_-._•«<_ jj_ i» |> l>«r on Cui-ed. Is, Zi.ba.non> Ohio. Ir. Chute's ,N_w J.wly revte::-and _n- lab'kCo,.'J.l(4.,o. Ibme easily made. t< feCOi, Aiijisista, Iilo, I* vjles worth $5 I & Co., Portland. Ms. S.'l I i •.--» .*. ■ .-r>-*iv'y^fejs-gji- i #, ^1 L E BARON & KISSLY. Proprietors. SALINE, WASHTENAW COUNTY, MICHIGAN, DECEMBER 1, 1881. VOL. IL-NO. 3. Important Intelligence "from All Bart! Domestic. llATtYE. CONLi-T, one ot tliesufferers by tlie failure ol the aTechanic's Bank of Newark, 5f. J., lias sued the Directors lor the full amount, of her loss, §22,000, on stock and assessments. Secretary Folger has ordered a computation to ascertain at what rate the G5;0y- crmnen|dan;advantageously purchase four- and-a-half and 'four-per-cent. bonds, instead of calling in extended three-and-a- half per cents. The Coroner"s Jury, after viewing the body of the late desperado Maxwell, who was lynched at Durand, Wis., re- ttu-ned the remarkable verdict that deceased '•canigfo.fiis .death : by failing from the courthouse steps -and breaking his neck. ',> THE'ahnual report of the Commissioner* of Internal Eevenue shows thatthe internal- revenue receipts for" the f seal year ended June 30, 1SS1, were $135,229,912, against ¥12S_.9SI,91G for the preceding year. The revefliie collected in Illinois for the last fiscal year was $2,000,000 greater .than thejevenue collected in the previous year in tne same State. Illinois stands first with respect to the amount of revenue collected, Ohio comes next, and Sew York, third. - ■ ■ - BAiL^has- h'een* refused "foi* the Malley boys,"" now in jatt'at 'New Haven, Conn., on the charge of having been concerned in the killing of Jennie Cramer. Two men were killed and four injured by a boiler explosion on a sugar plantation near 2se\v Orleans on the 21th. "What is said to be the largest mortgage ever recorded .in the United States was,__led with: the- Eecorder of Hamilton Count}*', Ohio", a few days ago. It was for $18,000,000 The mortgage is to the Mercantile Trust Company of New York, and is by the Baltimore, Cincinnati & "Western Railroad Company. ..*.;• "'"." A __rL___N& frost occurred in Louisiana on the morning of the 55th, extending nearly nil over theState.. Ice formed on standing water to New*Orleans. THENationalBoard of Healthhave made arraDgements with the Health authorities of otliei* Nations to prevent the spread of Asiatic;, cholera; and the dreadtul plague of "black death," both of which diseases are raging in Europe* and Asia. " Five men were killed and three baflly injured by the premature explosion of a rock- blast near Greenwich, Gonn., on the 21th. More than 1,000 horses were reported to be suffering from '-'pink-eye" at Pittsburgh, Pa., on the 25th. Several animals had died. . Business was suffering: in*conse- qiience of t^epreyalence of the disease^ for which no adequate remedy had been yet discovered. During the week ende.d on the 26th 391,- 997 standard silver dollars <were,r put into circulation, against 490.997 during the corresponding period in 1SS0. Al>Eprsio:s' has recently been rendered by JufTgeDi-ummond, ofthe United States Circuit*' -Court at- Chicago, in the great canned-meat patent suits. The plaintiffs were the "Wilson Packing Company and Libfty, McNeill &,' Libby~ -both - Chicago firms, and the defendants were the Chicago Packing Company and the' St. Louis Beef Canning Company. The court decided that the pltei£ts*:sv'ere void, for want of novelty; and gave the verdict to the defendants. ' Henry A. Pingree, an employe of tbe L?yland Steamship Company of Boston, 3Iass., has recovered $7,000. damages for the loss of two fingers of his right hand by a defective steam-winch. In a suit at Greenwich, Conn., against the New York & J^ew. England : Eailroad1, brought by a passenger who was ejected from a train and arrested for evading the payment of fare, the court has recently decided that a limited ticket is worthless except for the trip specified on its face. The Director ofthe 3Iint reports the gold coinage of the year" at $78,733,861. Since the remonetizatipn of silver the coinage stan&ard -pieces has been $100,672,705, „ wfiich amount $34,026.327 are in circulation jStTpi-w-days ago a train on the New Jersey Central Road ran through Paterson at the rate of forty miles an hour. After going thirty miles the engineer discovered the body of a woman, alive but unconscious, on the wooden platform above the cow-catcher When rescued she could only remember being struck by the locomotive. She was not seriously injured. of of Personal and Political. The official returns of the Wisconsin election, which were nearly all received on the 22d, show that General Rusk's plurality will be about 12,000. A committee from the National Grange recently called upon the Commissioner of Agriculture to urge the elevation of his Department to a higher rank. They protested, in the mnieax the Grange, against aciciud- ing;in the Department other than agricultural industries. Dr. Loring, in reply, said he had urged the creation of Bureaus of Manufacturers and Mines in connection wit fi his Department, and thought the Commissioner should be a Cabinet officer. It is said the friends of Mrs. Lincoln, ihe widow of the late President Lincoln, indignantly deny a recent report thai;,that lady is suffering from want or neglect',' On., the cbntrary, She is" well provided for. Until about a year ago her annual income was $8,100- Owine: to the conversion of six-per- cent. bondsinto three-and-a-half per cents, her income has been reduced to $5,000* She cannot comprehend the cause of the change, and s .ems to think that she is wronged. The facts are said to be that, although she is not in very good health, she is not it. Bad health, and that, far* from being neglected, she is tenderly cared for by her friends. Tin; recent election in the First Rhode Island District for member of Congress to succeed Aldrich, ejected United States.S|-na- toBjf:i.*e8»lte4::in the "choice 7of« Henry*? J; Spi*ane^7 thfr^R#ub}icatt:5cahdidate, 'Who received 3,617 votes, against 1,116 for Sisson, the Democratic candidate. WUJMM Jonks, charged with having attempted to kill Guiteau, was indicted by a Washington Grand Jury on the 23d. It was believed that no jury could !>e found in Washington to convict him. Popular sympathy was said to be entirely with him, and sftveral hundred dollars had been subscribed for his defense. Tin. Mayors of all the cities in the country have been invited to become the guests of the Atlanta Cotton Exposition on the 9fclx of December. Dr. l>AMttT Acting Assistant Surgeon, who performed the autopsy upon tbe boldy of the Sate p-res-dent ^arfield, absolutely denies that the examination was made cirelessly, or that the bullet; was found accidentally. Trial of Grtiiteau, tlie Assassin. The attendance afc the Criminal Coirt on the 23d was less than usual. Guiteau. wJle taking breakfast in the prisoners' room, expressed his dissatisfaction that Jones, the ma£ who 'shot at Mm, had oeen admitted to *.ail.'!*VMien the Court opened Mr Scoville made aformal request for the papers taken front&uiteau at the time of his arrest. The Distr-t- Attorney ottered to furnish copies, hut M ..''Scoville Insisted upon tne originals. Pendife the discussion, Guiteau said: "At the tine of my arrest I had forty or fifty editorial -lips showing the politicaL situation in Mav aid June last. Xhese slips show the action" aid one of the xprces that Impelled me m to the President. They are very important as showing the gist of ' the whole matter. It was through living m such ideas as these that I was finally impe'ed to fire on the President with my Inspiraton." Colonel Corkhill said if it would enableihe defense to get through that day he wouldr;end for them at once. During a temporary ull in the proceedings Guitean said that on he preceding day he had said that he had dropped the "Julius" from h's name becaise the word was too suggestive of the neg.-o race. This prejudice was begotten tweriy years ago, hut he meant no disrespect o any person or any race—particularly no to the colored race, for they were more highly thought of than the! White race, nowadays. Mr. Scoville con^nued reading Guitejm's letters, during whici the prisoner constantly interjected his exjlanations and comments. Mr. Scoville alludd to Guiteau's career as a politician, and drewthe conclusion that he was deficient in intellect. This conclusion Guitenu protested againit. When Sco- ville"referred to his running aibund from one committee to another seekingSo be employed as a campaign speaker, Giiteau shouted angrily: "It wasn't because Ihad no abi ity, butlwasnotknown. lhadide'S,butnotrepu- tation." Eeferriug to Guiteai's speech, entitled " Garfield vs. Hancock" Mr. Scoville said It was a mere jumble collated iroin speeches of others and newsjapers, and no one but a c.azy man would have imagined that it was a speech of merit. Guiteau said ne objected to Scoville's theoij*, and declared that he was trying to make hin out af ool. He continued: "1 say the Deity :uspirei my act and He will take care of it" The Court commanded the prisoner to keepquiet. and Guiteau subsided, and Mr. Scovilb concluded his opening without further intenrup tion. At the request of the District-Attorisy the witnesses for the defense, with tie exception of Mrs. Scoville, were excluded from the court-room. Kev. H. N. Buron testified that in 1877 he had listened to Guiteau's lecture on the second coming of Jhrist. T>id not think Guiteau at that time wa. sufficiently insane to be irresponsible— probably less deranged than badly arrangec. H. H. Davis testified that Mrs. Maynard. Guiteau's aunt, was crazy. Although wealth/ she had a constant dread of the Poor-Hous3. Her daughter was an imbecile. Mr. "Wilcox testified" that Guiteau's father was peculia*. "Witness knew nothing of the prisoner. Dr. John A. Itice had in 1876 decided that the pris-ner was insaue. Had treated the elder Gtrteau during his last illness. F.L.Union tesified to renting a hall to the prisoner. His tills proclaimed: "Do not not fail to hear the Hon. Charles J. Guiteau, the Little Giant or' the West. He will show that two-thirds of Ihe race are going down to perdition." He spoke a half an hour to a small audience, and then left. The people who heard him thougtt he was crazy. Nexfrday Guiteau came bade and wanted to hire the hall again. He saldhe was not crazy but inspired.- He also said, h a serious manner, that he belonared to the firm of Jesus Christ & Co. MaryS. Loekvood testified that Guiteau had boarded with her. He left because he did not pay hi3 b'oerd. Guiteau protested • that the testimony was irrelevant. Norwood Damon said he had attended the lecture m Boston referred to by a preceding witness, and thought, the lecturer insane. George W. Olds testified how Guiteau soaped hickory trees,. insisting that they were fruit-trees, and how, when weeding, he pulled up more strawberries and turnips than weeds. Here Guiteau told how he had spent several months trying io purchase the Chicago Inter Ox-in. The witness being asked as to Guiteau's troubles with Mrs. Scoville, Guiteau protested asainst the insinuation, and said he had hail no trouble whatever with her. Adjourned until the 25th. Immediately on the opening of the Griminal Court on the 35th Guiteau, read from manuscript a rambling statement to the Court and jury regarding his Inspiration to remove the President. He said he never would have attempted to kill Mr. Garfield of his own volition, notwithstanding that he was substantially urged thereto, by the Stalwart press. He was commissioned by the Deity to do the deed, even as Abraham had'been commanded tosacrlticehisson. Mr.-Scovillereiterated his demand for the production of documents taken from. Guiteau at the time of his arrest. During the colloquy following the demand Guiteau shouted: "I understand that my divorced wife is to he brought here as a witness against me. If that's so there will be trouble. She was a poor, unfortunate thing, and 1 never should have married her. But if she comes in hereto testify against me and do me any harm, I'll rip up her whole record." He charged her with immoral conduct befose his marriage to her. Joseph B. Smith testified to his acquaintance with the Guiteau family and E. O. I'oss to the incidents attending the shooting. Charles H. Heed told how he tried a criminal cause n uhicago with Guiteau, and that he considered him an earnest and sincere, but'unbalanced, man. "Witness had told Guiteau thiit ho had no sTiow for the Paris Consulate, and when he suggested a clerkship or some minor position, and ottered to help him get it, Guiteau became indignant. Witness had visited Guiteau in jail a few days since and asked him why he killed the President. He replied: "I didn't doit; the Lord did it. f was only the Lord's instrument in removing the President." Mr. Beed further said he had no doubt that Guiteau was Of unsound mind. During Mr. Heed's cross-examination Guiteau constantly interjected his contradictions and explanations, until the Court lost all patience and threatened to have him gagged unless he kept quiet. After recess Mr. Scoville applied to the Court for an attachment against E. A. Storrs, of Chicago, who had been served with a sub- pcena.but who refused absolutely to be present. The application was grauted. H. B. Am- erling testified as to the peculiarities of Guiteau's father. Thoiras North, a Chicago lawyer, also swore as to Luther W. Guiteau's peculiarities, and said the prisoner was an exaggerated fae-simile of his father—a chip of tho old block. The witness described his manner of saying grace before eating. It was: " 1 confess Christ in me with a thankful heart for this food," or "Thank Christ for this dinner," etc. Luther Guiteau was a firm believer in the tenets of the Oneida Community and desiredhis family to join them, but the Wife refused. The prisoner's predominant quality was his ego'ism. Abraham Guiteau, Luther's brother, was a weak man, so weak that it was not safe to trust him to do business. After giving his views on the Community question, the witness subsided and the Court adjourned. "Upon the opening of the Criminal Court on the 26th Mr. Scoville read a telegram from Emory A. Stores, of Chicago,, stating that he could not possibly visit Washington because of his professional engagements, and said ■ that under the circumstances he would not insist upon an attachment for him. Thomas Korth resumed his recital, of the peculiarities of Luther Yf. Guiteau and the prisoner. During a momentary lull in the proceedings, after the witness left the stand, Guiteau improved the opportunity to give his views concerning Rev.'Hi AV. BeechCr, saying that his (Beech- er's) opinion of the speaker and Judge Cox was of little conseaueuce, as he (Beecher) was badly "cranked" socially. He said he had no doubt that Mrs*. Tilton told the truth, and he had told him so publicly. General Logan testified to having had several interviews with Guiteau and to his belief that thera was a mental derangement in his case. He bad told. Mrs. Lockwood that he believed he was crazy, and that he was not* suitable boarder for her. B. E. Smith, employed in the rooms of the National Republican Committee, thought Guiteau peculiar and flighty. John A. M orse, colored, an attorney- at-law, saw Guiteau at the White House during* March and April, and thought htm a crazy imam Mrs. Scoville gaveabiOgraphicalsketch of Guiteau's life, referring to his school experience, his Inoculation with the doctrines of the Community, and his attack upon ber with an ax. The direct examinatio - Of Mrs. Scoville was in progress when tho Court adjourned. —■. i » — 'Foreigni. The Russian Minis'terof Finance has refused the Teeniest of the Minister of War that employment be found for army officers thrown out by the reduction oi the forces, in order to'keep them*from joining the Nihilists, lv. is stated in a "Washington dispatch that, in respohse to Secretary Blaine's instructions to Minister Hurlbut to recognize Calderon as President of Peru, the latter was seized by the Chilians and transported to Santiago. It was believed likely that an American protectorate to Peru would *be proposed, to protect the immense claims and investments by our citizens. Fifteen members of the senior class at the Toronto University have been arraigned for ducking four freshmen in the river on a recent cold night, and gagging others for refusing to sing a, certain song at a college concert. American artists have been invited to submit designs for a monument to Alexander II., to be erected in the inclosure ofthe Kremlin, Moscow. An investigation into the affairs of the Tax-office at Philadelphia is alleged to have revealed wholesale robbery of the State and City Treasuries. The London police believe that the Hatton Garden post-office was robbed by Americans. Gambetta. has announced his Tunisian policy to be loyal observation. of the treaty with the Bey. The lawyers of the Baroness Burdett- Coutts having decided that by marrying Bartlett she forfeited hei* interest in the CouttsBauk, she has decided to resign her interest therein to those who claim it under the will of the Duchess of St. Albans. It is stated that she will, during her life, receive an annual allowance by reason of her complaisance. By the foundering of the steamer Albion, in Central American waters recently, thirty- two persons perished. Seventeen persons were drowned by the wrecking of the ship Culcean, on the British coast. The French ship France foundered in West India waters recently, and four persons are missing, the Captain and eight men having been rescued. Iveifer's tannery at Allegheny City, Pa., was burned on the morning of the 25th. Loss, $125,000. In the recent pigeon-shooting match near London between Carver, the American marksman, and Eden, a member of the principal clubs, for £100 a side, Eden stood at twenty-eight yards rise, and Carver at thirty. Carver won the match by five birds, killing thirty-five out of fifty. The Land Commissioners of Ireland have called the attention of the laborers to the fact that they can and will redress the evils they suffer from the farmers, fjuch as in- commodiotis dwellings, etc. The London Times of the 24th says a considerable section of thex_eopleof Ireland had decided to pay no rents, and the plan of dealing county by county with the recalcitrant tenants had been adopted. Abate Berlin dispatch says the Emperor William's health continued precarious, and he was able to transact only such business as was absolutely necessary. He was unable to leave his room. At night he suffered from severe abdominal pains. The cholera has made its appearance at Alexandria, Egypt. It has also appeared in Burum, Kakallah and Chehr, having been probably disseminated by returning Mecca pilgrims. A heavy gale prevailed in the British Isles on the 26th and 27th, which did great damage to coast property and shipping. At Folkstone, Kent, the new pier Avas washed away. The Committee of Confederate bondholders of London disclaims all idea of litigation to recover assets in Europe, but announces its intention to appeal steadily for a modification of the Fourteenth Amendment, to permit the Southern States to effect a ''just and equitable settlement of their debts legally contracted." The Government of Boumania has extended for a year its prohibition of the importation of pork from the United States. It was stated in Paris on the 26th that the French Government had decided to withdraw the decree prohibiting the importation of American pork. In St. Petersburg on the 26th, under pre - tense of having urgent State business, a Polish lad was admitted to the presence of General Tcherevine", at whom he instantly fired a revolver, the ball" passing-between the General's arm and side, "LATER .STEWS. There was an immense crowd of spectators in attendance upon the Guiteau trial on the2Sth. Mrs. Scoville testified that^ three, years ago she was convinced that her brother should be placed in a lunatic asylum. The sensational feature of the day was a declaration by John W. Guiteau that, until recently, he had believed his brother to be responsible, but not sane. Witness also testified to the insanity or partial insanity of some of his. relatives. Some Chicago parties were examined to prove that the assassin was "peculiai*." The prisoner interrupted frequently, as usual. A Washington dispatch of the 28th says Judge Cox was daily receiving letters, most of them anonymous and some inclosing newspaper clippinsrs, reflecting on his conduct of the Guiteau case, and protesting against the disgrace inflicted on the American people by the scenes which he tolerated in his court-room. The alarm in regard to small-pox in many sections of the country has caj.i-*ed Assistant Postmaster-General Hattbn to issue an order that mail matterliable to communicate contagious diseases may be refused by any postmaster. . • In a recent debate in the Reichstag,* Bismarck declared that by every -justiOable means he would endeavor to consolidate the Empire. He expressed astonishment that Germany was still backward in aspirations for unity. The Bank of Prince Edward Island has closed its doors, through unwarranted advances made bv its cashier, J. B. Brecher, who had lied" to the United States. It is said that accounts had been' overdrawn to the extent of tf 650,000. It has been ascertained that $1,500,000' will be necessary to enable the Pacific Bank of Boston to resume business, and the capital stock of $1,000,000 must be sacrificed. Lekkoy, the murderer of Mr. Gold on the Bviguton (England) Railroad, has confessed his crime, and added to it the fact that he also assassinated Lieutenant Roper, at Chatham, some time ago. . The man who recently attempted the life of General Tcherevine, at St. Petersburg^ was named Grodno, and- was twenty-eight years old. He states that he had meditated suicide because of losing his means by dissi- patioi-, when he was easily induced by a comrade to attempt assassination. DtrxtiNO the gale in England on the 27th fiity barges were sunk in ■ the River Thames and many persons were injured. Several lost their lives. A party of armed men recently entered the house of a wonlan named Henane, near Listowel, County Kerry, Ireland, for the purpose of shooting her because she had given information to the police. Her children threw themselves upon their mother in terror and one of thein received a charge of shot in the legs. The party left the house, after making the mother swear,- under threats of death, not to divulge the occurrence. Six persons have been arrested on. suspicion of being concerned in the outrage. THE POST-OFFICE DEPARTMENT. Washington, November 21. The following are some of the leading features of Postmaster-General James' report: The total expenditures during the fiscal year ended June 3), last, were f39,251,"73'3,- .16; total revenues, $36,785,397.97. Excess of expenditures, $2,466,33-. 19; other deficits, on account of "bad debts" and •'compromise" accounts, $11,793.86—making the total excess of expenditures, $2,181,129.35.. The number of postage-stamps, postal- cards, stamped envelopes, etc., issued during the year was 1,5'4,311,512, amounting in value to $34,625,435.91, against a total value during the previous fiscal year of $32,- 0S7,3±2.40. The total amount of postage collected during the year on newspapers and periodicals mailed to regular subscribers from known offices of publication and from news agencies, at two cents per pound, was $1,399,018- .64, an increase of $172,596.06, or a little over 14 per cent. Tlie weight of second-class matter mailed was 69,052,432 pounds, or 34,976 tons. The number of postoffices at which the matter was mailed wa3 4,821, an increase of 39S over the number for the previous year. dead letters. By careful reckoning based upon an actual count made in every post-office in the United States during the first week in Decein- b<.r, 1SS0, it has been ascertained that the whole number of letters mailed in this country in the last fiscal .year was 1,046,- 107,348. The number reaching the Dead- Letter Office during the same period was 3,323,621, or one in every 315. The total number of letters and of packages that were of sufficient* value to lie recorded and filed, received during the year ended June 30,1881, was 3,674,205, an increase of 351, - 623 over the number received during the preceding year. For convenience of treatment they were classified as follows: Unclaimed domestic letters 2,791,05.; held for postage, 279,214; misdirected, 242,5")6 (not including 31,181 foreign letters with imperfect or erroneous addresses); without any superscription whatever (the majority of them bearing stamps to pay postage), 9,47J; letters addressed to foreign countries, and containing articles (coin, jewelry, etc.) which are forbidden to be sent in the inter- ' national mails, 1,292; letters of foreign Origin, 281,127 (of which 31, ISA were sent to the Dead-Letter Office on account of erroneous or imperfect addresses); foreign parcels (unopened), 13,S36; and domestic packages, 52,591. Of the letters and-, packages opened, 18,- 617 were found to contain money amounting to $40,587.80; 22,012 contained drafts, money orders, checks, notes, etc., the aggregate face value of which was $1,S99,062- .51; 37,978 contained receipts, paid notes and canceled obligations of all sorts; 33,731 contained photographs; 61,556 contained small remittances of postage-stamps; and in 75,213 there were found valuable articles of third and fourth class matter in endless variety. The amount of money separated from dead letters for which no claimant could be found was *r6,5S4.40, which was deposited in the Treasury. The amount of postage collected upon short-paid matter forwarded to destination, and upon unclaimed packages of third and fourth class matter returned to owners, was $3,109.34. The records of the Department show that S,33S,9 IS registered letters and packages were mailed in this country. during the year. OE this number only 2,614 reached the Dead-Letter Office; and of these 2,131 were finally delivered to the owners, the balance being placed on file awaiting identification by the parties interested. THE POSTAT. MONEY-ORDER SYSTEM. The operations of the money-order system are multiplying yearly under the impulse of prosperous trade and the influence of immigration, with the rapid development of the newer States and Territories, and the demand for additional means ot intercommunication and exchange. At the commencement of the last fiscal year the total number of post-offices authorized to issue and to pay domestic money-orders was 4,S29. During the year 341 additional money-order offices were established, and seven wore discontinued, leaving 5,163 iu operation on the 30th day of June, 1SS1. Since then 338 new offices have been established, making the whole number of money-order offices in operation at date of this report 5,499. The number of domestic money-orders issued during the year was 7,663,232,. of the aggregate value of $105,075,769.35; number of orders paid, 7,627,710, amounting in value to $104,219,871.65; to which must be added the amount of orders repaid to remitters $704,- 9S9.96, making a total of $104,924,853.61; the excess of issues over payments was $150,915.74; the total amount of fees paid by the public to postmasters for the issue Of domestic orders was $966,732.75. Seventy-seven cases of alleged lost Temit- tances of surplus money-order funds amounting to $19,753 were under investigation during the yearrand«claims. were? filed in thirty-six cases onaccdunt oT alleged improper payment of money orders. The amount of all these, claims was; -$767.07. Their number, compared with the total ; number of payments made during the year is as one to $211,881. Ninety-nine cases of alleged improperly paid money orders, amounting to $2,153.49, were investigated during the year. In. thirr ty-threc instances the amounts, the total of which was $177.75, were recovered by pofet- oflice inspectors and paid over to the rightful owners; in seven cases, in which the ^orders altogether amounted to $S4.15, the paying postmasters were, after due investigation, held responsible for the. erroneous .payments; in four, where erroneous pay- mant was directly attributable to carelessness on the part of remitters, payees, or indorsees, they were required to sustain the -loss, $124; in nine, the loss, $268.88 altogether, was assumed by theDcparlinenfc, lire' "paying pbstmaafer haying been fouiYd~n6t*at fault: ahd'in eleven it was ascertained that" ^thc orders, amounting to $236.52, had been originally paid to the proper persons. Thirty-five claims, involving the payment of * $962.19, were pending at the close of the year. The amount of unclaimed money orders, domestic and foreign, at the close, of the fiscal year is estimated by the Auditor as $1,250,000. "There is.no provision of law under which this unclaimed money canbe disposedof. It would seem to be expedient that a portion of it should he turned. lOvcr to the Treasury for the service of the ?Post-office Department. The Superintendent of the money-order system suggests that it would be well to retain in the hands of the Assistant Treasurer for the operations of the service a sum equal to the amount of all unpaid money-orders during a period of five years next preceding the commencement of each fiscal year, lt rarely happens that a money-order more than five years' old is presented for payment. It deemed expedient, in the interest of payees of money-orders, a longer period, for example seven or ten years, might be fixed by Congress, during which the amount of any money order would be payable to the owner thereof, and beyond which the amount of all orders unpaid would accrue to the United States. •'Although the money-order fulfills every reasonable expectation of remitter and payee where the amount sent is considerable, a strong and growing demand has arisen since the withdra*^! of fractional currency from circulation for some device hy which amounts under five dollars could be transmitted by mail at less cost than at present. I desire to call special attention to the plan proposed by the Superintendent for the transmission of suras less than five dollars by means of an order of a new form, to be termed -'postal-order," in which the written application and the advice, which is the chief element of expense as well as of se-* curity, are to he dispensed with, so that these orders may be issued more expeditiously and at cheaper rates than money- orders." THE STAR-ROUTE SERVICE, ETC. The Postmaster-General is of the opinion that''the country has reached that stage in the progress of its material develop ment where an effort ought to be made to' bring the credit and debit sides of the Department's balance sheet nearer together. All or nearly all the long and expensive Star- routes have been superseded by railroad service. The cost of the Star-service ought, therefore, to rapidly decrease in the "Western States and Territories. A careful and impartial examination of the Star-service made during the past summer satisfied the Department that large reductions could be made without causing any inconvenience1 to the sections of country supplied thereby." "A minute investigation into alleged abuses in the Star-route service W as instituted by direction of the late President, and is still being prosecuted. The Post- office Department has co-operated, and will, continue to co-operate, with the Department of Justice in this investigation. No one who has not been directly concerned in the matter can fully appreciate the magnitude of the undertaking, the mass of record evidence examined, the difficulties of a personal investigation in sparsely-settled territories, and the results attained by the'patient and intelligent labors of the Inspectors of this Department. There can be no doubt, from the facts already ascertained, that the existing statutes leave the way open to great abuses, and that there is abundant ground for asking a judicial investigation of the transactions of the last few years. " The one serious difficulty in the way of bringing back the Department to a self- *sustaining basis is the constantly-increasing cost of the railway mail service. This increase during the past fiscal year was $487,- 446. I regret to say that there is a deficiency of $478,155 for this branch of the service for the fiscal year ended June 30, 1SS1, which must be provided for, and also that there must be an increased appropriation for the same service of $1,097,31*9 for the fiscal 3-ear ending June 3D. 1882. The estimate for the fiscal year ending June 30, 18S3, for the railway service is $10,655 000. There has recently been an Unprecedented growth ol railroads, and this' accounts largely for the enormous increase of the cost of the railway service." The actual payment for the railway-mail service during the year was $11,411,120.90. The cost for the current fiscal year will be $12,006,601, and the estimates for 1883 are $33,181,601. The enormous growth of railroads in 1880' and 1881, and their anticipated increase of mileage in the near future, will account for a great portion of the augmented cost for th%service. • There were 461 arrests made during the year for Violation of the Postal laws. Of this number 424 cases were prosecuted in the United States Courts, and thirty-seven in the counts of the several States in which the arrests were made. Of the former, 188 persons were convicted, twent3*-six were acquitted, three escaped, five forfeited bail, twenty-four proceedings were dismissed, one was killed while resisting arrest, and 177 await trial; thirty highwaymen were arrested and prosecuted in United States Courts. THE CIVIL-SERVICE QUESTION. "Careful observation in this Department and elsewhere has but confirmed my conviction of the great public benefit to be derived from conducting the public business on business principles. Some method of relief must be provided from the overwhelming pressure for appointment to clerkships and other 'subordinate* positions, and from the equal pressure for the removal of capable and experienced assistants to make room for those who are not more competent. The public service is a public trust to which every citizen may properly aspire, and the public interest plainly demands that admission to it should not depend upon personal favor, because such favor can not well be impartial, and because a system of appointment by mere influence may be readily perverted to the promotion of private interests and personal ambition. Appointment by influence naturally results in making the tenure of office depend, not upon fidelity and efficiency in the discharge of official duty, but.upon the assiduous cultivation of the favor of apatron. Such a tenure is incompatible with the self- respect of the incumbent, and the service must necessarily suffer from the decline of its mora'e. But the evil coiisequences cannot be limited to the public service';, they af- * feet all political action, the purity and vigor qt the Government, and the National character itself. The question, therefore, is one of far higher importance than that of the comparative fitness of clerks in the employment of the Government," ahd really concerns the character and'success of republican institutions. • j-ThV first step, in my judgment,- toward the "relief of the'appointing officers And the promotion of the greater eflieiency and economy of the civil service would be a method of minor appointment, which should be independent of personal or partisan influence. In some impor'aut Government offices o£ which I have had personal knowledge, such a f-ystom is already in operation. In "^hose offices minor appointments* are determined 'solely by proper qualificaiions, s ascertained by impartial tests open to all applicants upon equal terms. The great success which has attended this method of selection proves its practicability, while the good results, both in the service and in the character of the officers thus selected,sdem- onslrates.jits value. The extension of this - method furiderHnniform conditions .is earnestly tobe desired, both to correct familiar evils in the public service itself aud to remove the still graver evils which spring from them. ■' In my opinion, the same general principles should govern the selection and retention of employes in this Department. The public is-best served by honest, experienced and competent oflicers, and changes, therefore, should be made carefully and only for reasons affecting official conduct. Mv views upon this subject are the result of prolonged official experience, and I am persuaded that the practical application of these principles would promote public morality, increase the economy and efficiency of the public service, and assuage the fury of party spirit, against which Washington Warned the country as its chief peril." CONGRESS. The Porty-Seventh Congress is composed 08 follows: SENATE. [Democrats, 37; Kepubllean*, 37; Independents,^.] ALABAMA. T. T. Morgan, D.. 3. L. Pu_rh.D .. . AKK-ANSAS. A. H. Garland,D... 1883 Term Ex. ..1883 ..1885 Term MISSISSIPPI. Ex. L. Q. C. Lamar, D.J.883 J. 2. Georg-e, D 1887 MISSOURI. G. G.Vest, D 1885 T. 1). Walker, D.... 1885 F. M. Cockrell, D.. 18S7 CAXTFOB-IIA J. T. Parley, D 1885 T.P.Miller, R 1887 COLOBAnO, H. M. Teller, R 1883 NEBRASKA Alvln Saunders, "R 18S3 C. H. V an Wy ck, R.1887 KEV AD A. J. P. Jones, R 18S5 N. P. Hill,It... 1885,J. G. Pair. D ...1887 CONNECTICUT. I NEW HAMPSHIRE. O. H. Platt, R 1885IE. H. Rollins, R... 1883 J. K. Hawley, R. . .1887^. W. Blair, R 1885 DELAWARE. I NEW JERSEY. Eli Saulsbury, D.. .1883 J. R. _vIcPherson,D.1883 ~ " ~ "* ~ ..1887"'**" " ~ "■" T. P. Bayard. D FLORIDA, Wilkinson Call, D..1885 C. W. Jones, D 1887 GEOBGIA. B.H.HU1, D.-. 1883 3. E. Brown, D.. ILLINOIS. D.Davis, Ind... J. A. Logan, R.. INDIANA. D. W. Voorhees, D.1885 Benj. Harrison, R, .1887 IOWA. J. W. McDill, R.. W. P. Allison, R. KANSAS. P. B. Plumb, R... J. J. Ing-alls, R KENTUCKY. J. B. Beck, D J. S. Williams, D. LOUISIANA. W. P. Kellog-g, R., B. P. Jonas, D MAINE. W. P. Frye, R Eugene Hale, R.. MARYLAND. 3. B. Groome, D...1885 A. P. Gorman, D.. .1887 MASSACHUSETTS. G. F. Hoar, R......1885 H.L.Dawes, R....1887 MICHIGAN. T. W. Ferry, R..... 1883 W.J. Sewell, R....1887 NEW YORK. E. G. Lapham, R. ..1885 Warner Miller, R.,1887 NORTH CAROLINA. M. W. Ransom, D.. 1883 1885 Z. B. Vance, D 1885 OHIO. G. H. Pendleton, D. 1885 John Sherman, R.. 1887 OREGON. L. Grover, D. ,1883 J. H. Slater, D.... .1885 PENNSYLVANIA. J. D. Cameron, R..1885 J. I. Mitchell, R . 1887 RHODE ISLAND. H. B. Anthony, R..1883 N. W. Aldrich, R... 1887 SOUTH CAROLINA. M. C.Butler, D 1883 1885 Wade Hampton, D.1885 TENNESSEE. I. G.Harris, D 1883 H. E. Jackson,D...1887 TEXAS. Richard Coke, D...1883 S.B.Maxey, D.....1887 ■VERMONT. J. S. Morrill, R 1885 G. F. Edmunds, R..-8.7 ..1883 ..1885 ..1883 ..1885 ..1883 ..1885 ..1883 1883 18S5 1883 1887 VIUGINIA. J, W. Johnston, D..1883 "W. Mahone, Ind....l8S7 WEST TIRGINIA- H. G. Davis, D 1883 O.D. Conger, R..;.1S87 J._••"". Camden, D-1887 MINNESOTA. j WISCONSIN. Wm. Windom, R... 1883 Angus Cameron,R1885 S. J. R. McMillan, R1887 Philetus Sawyer. R1887 HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. [Republicans, 146; Democrats, 136; Greenbackers, Independents and Readjusters,!!.] ALABAMA. 5. Thos. Williams, D. 6. G. W. Hewett, D. 7. W. H. Forney, D. 8. J. Wheeler, D. 1. T. H. Herndon, D. 2. K. A. Herbert, D.* 3. "Wm. C. Oates, D. 4. C. M. Shelley, D. ABKANSAS. 1. P. Dunn, D. I 3. J. 13. Cravens, D, 2. J. E. Jones, D. | i. T. M. Gunter, D. CALIFORNIA. . 1. W. S. Rosecrans, D.| 3. C. P. Berry, D. ft. H. F. Page, R. | 4. R. Pacheco, R. COLORADO. . James B, Belford, R. CONNECTICUT. 1. J. R. Buck, R. | 3. J. T. Wait, R. 2. James Phelps, D. | 4. P. Miles, R. DELAWARE. Edward L. Martin, D. FLORIDA. L* l-.H.M.Davidson, D.] 2. J. J. Finley, D. GEORGIA. G. R. Black, D. H.G. Turner, D. •Philip Cook, D. H. M. Buchanan, D. N. J, Hammond, D. ILLINOIS. 6. J. H. Blount, D. 7. J. C. Clements, D. 8. A. H. Stephens, D. 9. Emery Speer, D. Wm. Aldrich, R. Geo. 11. Davis, R. C. B. Farwell, R. John C. Sherwin, R. R. M. A. Hawk. R. T. J. Henderson, R. William Gullen, R. L. E. Payson, R. Johh B. Lewis, R. B. F. Marsh, R. INDIANA. 8. R. B. F. Pearce, R. 9. G. S. O-th. B. 10. M. L. De Motte, R. 11. G. W. Steele, R. 12. W. G. Colei-ick, D. 13. W. H. Calkins, R. 11. J. "W. Singleton, D. 13. W.M. Springer, D. 13. D. C. Smith, R. 14. J. Q. Cannon, R. 15. S. W. Moulton, D. 16. W.A.J. Sparks, D. 17. "W. R. Morrison, D. 18. John R. Thomas, It. 19. R.W.Townshend,D. Wm. Heilman, R. T. R. Cobb, D. S. M.Sti*ckslager,D, W. S. Hoi man, D. (J. C. Matson, D. T. M. Browne, R. S. J. Peelle,R. IOWA. 6. M. E. Cutts, R. 7. John A. Kasson, R. 8. W. P. Hepburn, R. 9. C. C. Carpenter, R. M. A.McCoid, R. S. S. Farwell, R. T. Dpdegraff, R. N. C. Deering, R. W.G. Thompson,R. KANSAS. • J. A. Anderson, R. 1 3. Thomas Ryan, R D. C. Haskell, R. I KENTUCKY. 1. Oscar Turner. D. 2. J. A. Mel-enzie, D. 3. J. W.Caldwell, D. 4. J. P. Knott, O. 5. A. S. Willis, D. 6. J. G. Carlisle, D. 7. J.C.S.Blackburn, D. 8. P. Thompson, Jr. D. 9. J. D. AVhite, R. 10. E. C. Phister, D. LOUISIANA, R. L. Gibson, D. E. .1. Ellis, D. C. B. Dan-all, R. T. B. Reed, R. Nelson Dinsley, R, S. D. Lindsey, R. MARYLAND. 4. N. C. Blanchard, D. 5. J. F. King, D. 6. E.W. Robertson, D. MAINE. 4. G. W. Dadd. 5. I1. H. Murch. G-. W. Covington. D. J. F. Talbott, D. F. C. Hoblitzel, D. 4. R. M. McLane, D. 5. A. G. Chapman, D. 6. M. G. TJrner, R. MASSACHUSETTS. W. W. Crapo, R. B. W. Harris, R. A. A. Ranney, R. Leopold Morse, D. S. Z. Bowman, R. * Eben F. Stone, R. MICHIGAN. H. W. Lord, R. Edwin Willits, R. E. S. Lacy, R. J. C. Burrows, R. G. "W. Webber, R. MINNESOTA. M. H.Dunnell, R. I 3. W.D. *\Vashburn,R. Horace B. Strait, R. I MISSISSIPPI. 7. W. A. Russell, R. 8. J. W. Candler, R. 9. W. W. Rice, R. 10. AmasaNorcross, R 11. G. D. Robinson, R 6. O. L. Spaulding, R. 7. J. T. Rich, R. 8. R. G. Horr, R. 9. J. A. Hubbell, K. 1. H. A. Mularow, D: 2. V. H. Manning, D. 3. H. D. Money, D. NEBRASKA, Edward K. Valentine, R. NEVADA. George W. Cassidy, D. MISSOURI. 4. O. R. Singleton, D. 5. C. E. Hooker, D. 6. J. B. Chambers, D. 1. M. L. Clardy, D. 2. Thomas Allen, D. 3. R. G.Frost, D. 4. L.H. Davis, D. 5. R. P. Bland, D. 6. I. S. Hazeltinc. 7. Theron M. Rice. B. T. Van Horn, R. 9.-i\"-ic7iofo8 Pord. 10. J". H. Burrows. 11. J.B. Clark, Jr., D. 12. W. H. Hatch, D. 13. A. H. Buckner, D. 1. 2. 1. 2. 3. 4. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. fi. .7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15." 16. 17. 1: 3. 4. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. NEW HAMPSHIRE, J. G. Hall, R. I 3. Ossian Ray, R. J. F. Briggs, R. | NEW JERSEY. G. M. Robeson, R. 5. John Hill, R. J. H, Brewer, R. 6. Phineas Jones, R. Miles Ross, D. 7. AAHardenburgh.D H. S. Harris, D. NEW YORK. ■ ' . ' Perry Belmont, D. IS. John Hammond, R. Wm.E.Hobuison,D;19. A. X. Parker, R. J". Hyatt Smith, |30. George West. R. * Archib'd M. Bliss,Di21. Ferris Jacobs, Jr.,R. Benjamin Wood, D. 22. Chas. R.Skinner,R, Samuel S. Cox, D. 23. C. D. Prescott, "R. Philip H.Dugro,D.i24. Joseph Mason, R. Anson G.McCook,R'25. Frank Hlscock, R, John Hardy, D. 135. John H. Camp, R. AbramS. Hewitt, Di-7. J. W.Wadsworth.R Rosw'ltP. FlowevJ) 28. J. W. Dwight, R. AValdoHutchins, D. J. H. Ketcham, R. Lewis Beach, D. Orlando Hubbs. R. J. W.Shackelford,D William It. Cox, D. 29. D. P. Richardson,R 30. J. Van Voorhis, R. 31. R. Crowley, R. Thomas Cornell, R.!32. J. Scoville, D. M. N. Nolan, D. 33. H. Van Aernam, R. Walter A. Wood, R. I NORTH CAROLINA. Louis C. Latham,D. 5. Alfred M.Scales.D. " " " "" 6. Clement Dowd, D. 7. R. F. Armtield. D. 8. R. B. Vance, D. . OHIO. BenButterworthR 11. Henry S. Neal, R. Thos. L. Young, It; 12. Geo. L. Converse,D Henry L. Morey, R.}13. Gibson Atherton, D Emanuel Schultz.R 14. Geo. AV. Geades, D. Ben Lo Fevre, D. 15. ttufus R. Dawe^, R. Jas. M. Ritchie, R.'10. J. T. Updegratf, R. John P. Leedom, D. 17. W. McRinle.v,Jr„ R J. W. Keifer, R.'IS. A.S.McClure, R. Jas. S. RobinSon,R.']9. E-ra B. Taylor, R. John B. Rice, R.'20. Amos Townsend, It . OREGON. M. C. George, R. RHODE ISLAND. 1. H. J. Spooner, R. ) 2" Jonathan Chase, R. ^ .. ... . SOU-*'- CAROLINA. J. fa. Richurdson, D.| 4. J. H. Evlns, D. S. Dibble, D. 5. G. D. Tillman, D. D. W. Aiken, D< ' 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13: 14. 1. .2. 3. 4. 6. PENNSYLVANIA. H. H. Bingham, R.15. C. C. .Tad win, R. Charles O'Neill, R.16. R.J. C. Walker, R. S. J. Randall, D. '17. J. M. Campbell, B. Wm. D. Kelley, R. 18. H. G. Fisher, R. A. C. Harmer, R. |19. F. F. Belzhaoyer.D William Ward, R. 20. A. G. Curtin,-D- Wm. Godshalk, R. 21. Morgan R. Wise.D. D. Ermentrout, D.!22. Russell Errett. R. A. Herr Smith, R. 23. Thos. M. Bayne,, R.. Wm. Mutchler, D.24. W.Shellenberge^R Robert Klotz, D. 25. Jas. Mosgrove, D. Jos. A. Scranton, R 26. Sam H. Miller, R. diaries N.. Brumm.m. L.F. Watson, R. Samuel F. Barr, R.j TENNESSEE. A. H. Pettibone, R. L.D.Houk,R. G.G.Dibbrell,D. 'B.McMillin, D. R. Warner, D.. 6. J. F. House, D. - 7. AV.C.Whitthorne, D 8. J. D. C. Atkins, D. 9. C. B.Simmonton, D 10. Wm. E. Moore, R. 1. J. 2. D. 3. O. 1. C. 2. J. 1. G. 2. J. 3. G. 4. J. 5. G. H. Reagan, D. B. Culberson, D, Wellborn, D. TEXAS. 4. R. Q. Mills, D. 5. a. TJ"-.. Jb?ics. 6. C. Upson, D. VERMONT. ■ .. H. Joyce, R. I 3. Wm. W. Grout, R, M. Tyler, R. J VIRGINIA. . T. Garrison, D. F. D.ezendorf, R. . W. Wise, D. Jorgensen, R. . C. Cabell, R. 6. J. R. Tucker, D. 7. John Paul. 8. J. S. Barbour, D. 9. A. FuVterson. WEST VIRGINIA. 1. B. Wilson, D. | 3. J. E. Kenna, D. 2. J. B.Hoge,D. I WISCONSIN. 1. C. G. Williams, R. 2. L. B. Caswell, R. 3. G. C. Hazelton, R. 4. P. V. Deustor, D. 5. E. S. Bragg, D. 6. R. Gueritrier, R. 7. H.L.Humphrey, R. 8. T. C. Pond, R. The United States Mint. Washington, November 27. The annual report of the Director of the United States Mint for the fiscal year esded June 30,1881, contains, in addition to the customary detailed statements of the opera- < tions. of the mints and assay offices, much valuable information in regard to the production of precious metals in the United States and in the world, their use in the coinage of this and foreign countries, consumption in aEits and manufactures, specie circulation, and an examination of the course of prices, comparing paper and metallic circulation for a series of fifty-six years with the percentage of yearly prices t» the mean priees of staple articles, indicating the annual variations in the purchasing price of money. Gold and silver received and operated npon by all the mints and - assay offices, exceeding by more than SF50,- 000,009 the receipts of any previous year, amounted to $226,225,522, of which $193,- 871,101 was gold, and $32,854,421 silver. This large increase was due to the continued influx of gold from abroad, over $95,000,000 deposited being from that source alone. The coinage facilities of the mints will be enlisted to their fullest extent in converting this bullion into coin. The gold coinage amounted to $78,733,864, of which $15,345,- 520 was in double eagles, and the remainder in coins of lesser denominations. The coinage of silver was confined to the minimuin value of silver bullion required to be coined by the law authorizing the coinage of the Btandard silver dollar, $27,637,955 of which were struck; of subsidiary coins only $12,011 were coined, and of base metal or minor „ coins $405,109. The total coinage of silver dollars since the passage of the act for their coinage, up to November 1, was $100,672,- 705, of which $34,096,327 are in circulation; and $58,833,770 held by the Treasury for the payment of outstanding; silver certificates, leaving $7,737,608 for disbursement by the Treasury in ordinary payments. The usual examinations and settlements were made at the close of the year. The report referring to the probable restoration of silver to its former place in the monetary circulation, says: "In view of the failure of the International Monetary Conference to agree upon any practical measure, and, while awaiting its future action, it is a question for our serious and early consideration, whether it is not desirable to guspend further coinage of silver until by . international agreement and effective legislation unlimited coinage of silver and gold at common fixed rates shall have been authorized by the principal commercial Rations of Europe and America. Should the $650,000,000 silver coin now full legal tender in Europe be demonetized, the United States could not, single handed among commercial Nations, with no European cooperation or allies, sustain the value Of silver from an inevitable fall. With that danger menacing us, we cannot, without serious embarrassment, continue such coinage unless other commercial Nations will agree upon the general use of silver as well as gold. "The ratio of 15}_" to one already approved, and in use among the nations composing the Latin Union, would doubtless be chosen. This would cause, if the coinage of silver, as well as gold, at all the mints of the world were made free, as bimetallism implies, the voluntary withdrawal from circulation of the standard- dollars and their recoinage. In such case the further coinage of the silver dollars of the present weight, unless needed for circulation, is a useless expenditure." Director Burchard estimates the world's production of gold ior the calendar year 1880 at $107,000,000, and of; silver $87,500,000. The consumption of the world In ornamentation, manufactures and the arts is estimated for th.e same* period at $75,000,000 gold and $35,000,000 silver. The estimated circulation of the principal countries of the world Is placed at $3,221,-* ■■ 000,000; full legal tender silver, $2,155,- 000,000; limited tenders, $423,000/000; total specie, $5,759,000,000; paper, $3.644,v 000,000, making the total circulation, including the amount held in the Governmehts- treasuries, banks, and in active circulation,. $9,403,000,000. Upon the subject of "the course of prices, and Indicating the annual t variations in the purchasing power of money in the United States, the Director has prepared tables showing the average annual prices in both gold and currency of the leading staple articles In the New York, market for fifty-six years, with the mean price of each, and also the relation which the average annual price of each article bears to the mean price for the whole term of years. The mean percentage for each year of all articles named furnishes a basis for measuring the purchasing power oi monev, and is Instructively compared with the per capita circulation and estimated wealth for each year. , ■« « .^ : :— ■ ■■■,-. — A Harvard College professor reports that out of 119 samples otwall papers of various colors, all Obtained in. Boston, he. found nearly one-third poisonous; and out of sixteen "samples of tinted paper used in kindergarten scnools," cards,, tickets, window-curtains, lamp shades, shades for the eyes, covers of books and boxes, wrappers, and a variety of other purposes, and in some form met with in almost every household, be found two-thirds poisonous; and out of forty samples of dress goods and fabrics be found nearly one- quarter poisonous; also, that within the past few months be has found- ai'senio in children's toys, candles, writing paper, bat-lihingj and various otber articles. Laws similar to those enacted in Illinois, Michigan, 3SeW York and New Jersey are asked for. —Daughter (bome from school)—•'■' Now, papa, are you satisfied? Just; look at my testimonial-.-' 'Poltical econ*- omy, satisfactory; fine arts and music, very good; logic, excellent." Father— Very much so, my dear—especially - as regards your future. If your husband! ' sbould understand anything of bouse- keeping, cooking, mending and the use of a sewing-machine, perhaps y our mar- Tied life wfll indeed be bappy. - —It doesn't require a.pair of horsoa to drag out a miserable existence.
|Title||1881-12-01; Saline Observer|
|Publisher||LeBaron & Nissly|
|Description||An issue of the Saline, Michigan newspaper. Published weekly. Began publication in 1880. No longer published.|
|Subject/Keywords||Saline (Mich.) - Newspapers; Washtenaw County (Mich.) - Newspapers;|
|Copyright Permission||This material is in the public domain.|